From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Acebutolol : A cardioselective, beta-adrenergic antagonist medication for hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions.
- Acetylcholine : A chemical transmitter in both the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) in many organisms including humans.
- Adenosine triphosphate : A molecule sometimes called the "energy currency" of a cell
- Adenosine : One of the nucleotides used to build RNA; the deoxy form is used to make DNA.
- Advanced cardiac life support : The use of methods and equipment, beyond the level of cardiopulmonary resuscitation but less than surgical or interventional cardiology, to treat cardiopulmonary arrest.
- Anaphylaxis : An acute allergic reaction caused by exposure to an antigen to which the patient is hypersensitive.
- Asthma : Disease process that is characterised by paradoxical narrowing of the bronchi, making breathing difficult.
- Autonomic and endocrine functions and music : Theory that music has therapeutic purposes by interacting with autonomic and endocrine functions.
- Biogenic amine receptor : Cell surface proteins that bind biogenic amines with high affinity and regulate intracellular signals which influence the behavior of cells.
- Catecholamines : A family of neurotransmitters and hormones, chemically ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine, with important members including epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine
- Cyclic AMP : An adenine nucleotide that is a second messenger and a key intracellular regulator, functioning as a mediator of activity for a number of hormones, including epinephrine, glucagon, and ACTH.
- Cyclic GMP : A guanine nucleotide that is a cellular regulatory agent and has been described as a second messenger. Its levels increase in response to a variety of hormones, including acetylcholine, insulin, and oxytocin and it has been found to activate specific protein kinases.
- Emergency Medical Technician : Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses.
- Fatty acid metabolism : Oxidative degradation of saturated fatty acids in which two-carbon units are sequentially removed from the molecule with each turn of the cycle, and metabolized so that it can be used as a source of energy in aerobic respiration.
- Glycogenolysis : Breakdown conversion of glycogen to glucose, which occurs in the liver and is stimulated by glucagon from the pancreas and adrenaline from the adrenal medulla.
- Glycolysis : A biochemical pathway by which a molecule of glucose is oxidized to two molecules of pyruvate.
- Hormone : A chemical director of biological activity that travels through some portion of the body as a messenger.
- Immediate hypersensitivity : Humoral reaction, mediated by the circulating B lymphocytes, which causes any of three responses: anaphylactic, cytotoxic, and immune system hypersensitivity.
- Julius Axelrod : (30 May 1912 – 29 December 2004) American biochemist whose work was influential in the development of pharmaceuticals.
- List of organic compounds : Add brief definition or description
- Memory : The cognitive processes that lead to the retaining and recalling of past experience.
- Midodrine : An adrenergic alpha agonist used as a vasoconstrictor agent in the treatment of hypotension.
- Neurotransmitter : A class of chemicals which relay, amplify or modulate electrical signals between a neuron and other cells in the nervous system.
- Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine : Award conferred once a year by the Swedish Karolinska Institute, for physiology or medicine, since 1901.
- Norepinephrine : Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
- Protein kinase : A family of enzymes that catalyze the conversion of adenosine triphosphate and a protein to adenosine diphosphate and a phosphoprotein.
- Recovered memory : Description given to the apparent memory of event(s) that, if they occurred, were previously forgotten for a relatively long time.
- Respiratory emergencies : Medically established procedures for assessment and management of potentially life-threatening conditions involving the respiratory system, with appropriate anatomical, physiological, and pathological context
- Septic shock : Serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis.
- Steroid : Hormone group that controls metabolism, catabolism, growth, electrolyte balance and sexual characteristics.
- Vasopressin : A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction.
- Vitamin C : Required by a few mammalian species, including humans and higher primates. It is water-soluble and is usually obtained by eating fruits and vegetables; associated with scurvy (hence its chemical name, ascorbic acid).