From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Adrenergic beta-agonist : Class of drugs used to treat asthma and other pulmonary disease states.
- Adrenergic receptor : Cell-surface proteins that bind epinephrine and/or norepinephrine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes. The two major classes of adrenergic receptors, alpha and beta, were originally discriminated based on their cellular actions but now are distinguished by their relative affinity for characteristic synthetic ligands.
- Albuterol : A short-acting adrenergic beta-agonist, usually inhaled but also administered by the oral route
- Antineoplastic agent : Drug that prevents the development, maturation, or spread of neoplastic cells.
- Aspirin : Common analgesic used for treating mild to moderate pain; protective against blood clots and heart disease when administered indefinitely in low doses
- Basophil : A circulating leukocyte which, when sensitized to a specific antigen by means of an immunoglobulin E molecule bound to its surface, will release physiologically potent chemicals on recognizing that antigen
- Bradykinin : Nonapeptide messenger that is enzymatically produced from kallidin in the blood where it is a potent but short-lived agent of arteriolar dilation and increased capillary permeability.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : A group of diseases characterized by the pathological limitation of airflow in the airway that is not fully reversible.
- Cortisone : A naturally occurring glucocorticoid steroid hormone which reduces inflammation.
- Cough : Rapid expulsion of air from the lungs typically in order to clear the lung airways of fluids, mucus, or material.
- Eosinophil : A leukocyte (white blood cell), the number of which rise in inflammatory disorders and parasitic infections
- Epinephrine : A hormone (adrenalin) adrenergic systems-stimulator used in asthma and cardiac failure.
- Hemp : Stout, aromatic, erect annual herbaceous plant (Cannabis sativa, family Cannabaceae), the sole species of cannabis, cultivated widely for its tough, coarse bast fiber, used to make cordage.
- Homeopathy : System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science.
- Hydrocortisone : The most important human glucocorticoid, a steroid hormone, produced by the adrenal cortex.
- Hypersensitivity : In medicine, an altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
- Hypertension : A multisystem disease whose hallmark is the elevation of blood pressure.
- Immediate hypersensitivity : Humoral reaction, mediated by the circulating B lymphocytes, which causes any of three responses: anaphylactic, cytotoxic, and immune system hypersensitivity.
- Immunology : The study of all aspects of the immune system in all animals.
- Immunosuppressant : Exogenous or endogenous agent, capable of suppressing immune responses of the immune system.
- Metered dose inhaler : A handheld medical device that lets a patient inhale one or more puffs of medication, usually through the mouth, which contains a known amount of drug
- Methotrexate : An inhibitor of tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, which prevents the formation of tetrahydrofolate, necessary for synthesis of thymidylate, an essential component of DNA; it has a wide range of medical applications.
- New York City : The largest city in the United States of America and a world center of finance, commerce, communications, and the arts.
- Obstructive lung disease : Group of usually progressive lung disorders with overlapping signs and symptoms, including asthma, bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema.
- Peak expiratory flow rate : Measurement of the maximum amount of expelled air that leaves the lungs on forced exhalation.
- Perennial allergic rhinitis : Allergic inflammation of the nose and connecting structures, which is established not to be caused by a seasonal allergen
- Pneumococcal vaccine : Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Pneumonia : Inflammation of the lungs.
- Preoperative care : Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery.
- Respiratory emergencies : Medically established procedures for assessment and management of potentially life-threatening conditions involving the respiratory system, with appropriate anatomical, physiological, and pathological context
- Salt and health : Article describing health effects of salt (sodium chloride) in the diet, giving governments' recommendations for consumption.
- Semantic Web : Tim Berners-Lee's concept of a "web of knowledge", whereby web-based document contents would be annotated and classified so that computers can parse the classifications and provide search results based on the semantic information (what the content means), rather than simply on matching of text strings.
- Steroid : Hormone group that controls metabolism, catabolism, growth, electrolyte balance and sexual characteristics.
- Sympathetic nervous system : Portion of the autonomic nervous system concerned with nonvolitional preparation of the organism for emergency situations.
- Tests of the efficacy of homeopathy : Add brief definition or description
- Thalassemia : A group of hereditary hemolytic anemias in which there is decreased synthesis of one or more hemoglobin polypeptide chains (National Library of Medicine).
- Theoretical biology : The study of biological systems by theoretical means.
- Vasculitis : Inflammation of blood vessel walls.