Heart failure/Related Articles
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- Adrenergic beta-antagonist : Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
- Aldosterone : Major mineralocorticoid steroid hormone that controls electrolytes, blood pressure and hydration.
- Anemia : A condition characterized by insufficient circulating and effective hemoglobin in blood to support normal physiology.
- Angiotensin II receptor antagonist : Agents that antagonize angiotensin II type 1 receptor. Included are angiotensin II analogs such as saralasin and biphenylimidazoles such as losartan. Some are used as antihypertensive agents.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor : Drugs mainly used to treat hypertension and heart failure, by hemodynamic effect inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system.
- Angiotensin : Oligopeptides which are important in the regulation of blood pressure (vasoconstriction) and fluid homeostasis via the renin-angiotensin system. These include angiotensins derived naturally from precursor angiotensinogen, and those synthesized.
- Arthur Szyk : (1894–) Polish-born American artist.
- Artificial respiration : Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs.
- Ascites : Accumulation of serous fluids in the space between the tissues and organs of the abdominal cavity.
- Atenolol : A cardioselective adrenergic beta-antagonist medication for hypertension and angina pectoris.
- Atrial fibrillation : Condition where there is disorganised electrical conduction in the atria, resulting in ineffective pumping of blood into the ventricle.
- Bacterial endocarditis : Inflammation of the heart caused by the direct invasion of bacteria and leading to deformity and destruction of the valve leaflets.
- Brain natriuretic peptide : A 32 amino acid polypeptide secreted by the ventricles of the heart in response to excessive stretching of heart muscle cells (cardiomyocytes).
- CHADS2 : A scoring system for patients with atrial fibrillation which attempts to determine their risk of stroke.
- Central venous pressure : Venous pressure as measured at the right atrium, done by means of a catheter introduced through the median cubital vein to the superior vena cava.
- Chlorthalidone : A thiazide-like diuretic medication used to treat hypertension in humans.
- Circulatory system : Organ system that passes nutrients, gases, hormones, blood cells, nitrogen waste products, etc. to and from cells in the body.
- Contrast-induced nephropathy : Acute kidney injury from radiocontrast.
- Deep venous thrombosis : The formation of a blood clot ("thrombus") in a deep vein.
- Diabetes mellitus type 2 : Medical condition characterised by glucose intolerance and hyperglycemia
- Digital object identifier : Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy : A form of myocardial disease that is characterized by ventricular dilation, ventricular dysfunction, and heart failure.
- Diuretic : Agents that promote the excretion of urine through their effects on kidney function.
- Edema : Abnormal fluid accumulation in tissues or body cavities.
- Fish oil : Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the livers.
- G-protein-coupled receptor kinase : A family of protein kinases which regulate the activity of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by phosphorylating their intracellular domains after their associated G proteins have been released and activated.
- Geriatrics : "the branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility."(National Library of Medicine)
- Glomerular filtration rate : Volume of water filtered out of the plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time.
- Hemochromatosis : Hereditary disorder affecting iron metabolism in which excessive amounts of iron accumulate in the body tissues, characterized by diabetes mellitus, liver dysfunction, and a bronze pigmentation of the skin.
- Hypertension : A multisystem disease whose hallmark is the elevation of blood pressure.
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillator : Device placed in the body to deliver an electrical shock to the heart in response to a serious abnormal rhythm.
- Kroger Babb : (30 December 1906 – 28 January 1980) American film and television producer and showman, whose marketing techniques were similar to a travelling salesman's, from the medicine-show tradition.
- Medical error : Mistakes made in a medical setting with respect to patient care, sanitation or medical administration. A mistake is less than optimal action, thus failure to set up efficient procedures and routines which minimize mistakes is medical error.
- Metoprolol : An adrenergic beta-antagonist useful in angina pectoris, hypertension, or cardiac arrhythmias.
- Myocardial infarction : A heart attack, gross necrosis of the myocardium, resulting from interruption of the blood supply to the area.
- Pharmacogenomics : Branch of genetics which deals with the genetic variability in individual responses to drugs and drug metabolism (biotransformation).
- Phlebotomy : Procedure of drawing or removing blood from the circulatory system through an incision or puncture in order to obtain a sample for analysis and diagnosis.
- Phosphodiesterase : A class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of one of the two ester bonds in a phosphodiester compound.
- Preoperative care : Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery.
- Renin-angiotensin system : A blood pressure regulating system of interacting components that include renin; angiotensinogen; angiotensin converting enzyme; angiotensin I; angiotensin II; and angiotensinase.
- Renin : A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates angiotensin I from its precursor angiotensinogen, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate blood pressure and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the renin-angiotensin system.
- Respiratory emergencies : Medically established procedures for assessment and management of potentially life-threatening conditions involving the respiratory system, with appropriate anatomical, physiological, and pathological context
- Spironolactone : A steroid derivative and antiandrogen, that blocks the action of aldosterone, and used as a diuretic primarily in the treatment of hypertension.
- Sympathetic nervous system : Portion of the autonomic nervous system concerned with nonvolitional preparation of the organism for emergency situations.
- Thalassemia : A group of hereditary hemolytic anemias in which there is decreased synthesis of one or more hemoglobin polypeptide chains (National Library of Medicine).
- Thiazolidinedione : Add brief definition or description
- Troponin : Muscle proteins that the calcium-binding component in the troponin-tropomyosin B-actin-myosin complex by conferring calcium sensitivity to the cross-linked actin and myosin filaments; subtypes are highly sensitive and specific to cardiac damage
- Vasopressin : A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction.