Mammal/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Mammal.
See also changes related to Mammal, or pages that link to Mammal or to this page or whose text contains "Mammal".

Parent topics

  • Biology [r]: The science of life — of complex, self-organizing, information-processing systems living in the past, present or future. [e]
  • Taxonomy [r]: The principles underlying classification, often in a hierarchy. [e]
  • Zoology [r]: The scientific study of animals. [e]


Other related topics

  • Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah) [r]: Genus represented by a single species, the cheetah Acinonyx jubatus, which includes the cheetah and king cheetah. [e]
  • Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti [r]: A subspecies of the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus) found east of the Mississippi River. [e]
  • Allele [r]: A specific sequence of a gene, and one of a pair in a diploid cell (one per chromosome). [e]
  • Allometry [r]: The study of scaling effects in biology. [e]
  • Anterior pituitary [r]: Endocrine gland that secretes hormones to regulate stress, growth, metabolism and reproduction. [e]
  • Ape [r]: Tail-less primates in Africa and Eurasia, e.g. humans, orang-utans and chimpanzees. [e]
  • Arcuate nucleus [r]: An aggregation of neurons in the mediobasal hypothalamus with important roles in appetite regulation and in the control of growth hormone secretion and prolactin secretion. [e]
  • Australopithecus africanus [r]: A species of early hominin. [e]
  • Big cat [r]: The large wild felines including lions, tigers and leopards. [e]
  • Biodiversity hotspot [r]: A species-rich ecosystem in danger of destruction by human activities. [e]
  • Brain evolution [r]: The process by which the central nervous system changed over many generations. [e]
  • Brain morphometry [r]: The quantitative study of structures in the brain, their differences between individuals, correlations with brain function, and changes of these characteristics over time. [e]
  • Brain size [r]: Umbrella term for various measures of how big a brain is. [e]
  • Brown hyaena [r]: The only species in the genus parahyaena, found in areas of Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe and south west Angola. [e]
  • Canine [r]: A subgroup of the taxonomic family Canidae also called "true dogs"; it includes several species and subspecies, including wolves and the domestic dog. [e]
  • Cat [r]: A feline, particularly the domesticated feline, Felis catus, a small carnivorous mammal. [e]
  • Cerebellum [r]: The small brain — a part of the hindbrain in vertebrates. [e]
  • Cerebral cortex [r]: External tissue layer within the vertebrate brain, ensheathed by the pia mater; home to the nerve cell bodies; important in learning and dementia. [e]
  • Cheese [r]: Dairy product made from milk curd and widely eaten in the Western Hemisphere and Europe. [e]
  • Circulatory system [r]: Organ system that passes nutrients, gases, hormones, blood cells, nitrogen waste products, etc. to and from cells in the body. [e]
  • Coat (animal) [r]: The pelage of a show animal or a garment design to protect an animal from harsh weather. [e]
  • Cortical column [r]: Groups of clonally related neurons in the cortical grey matter, arranged in columns perpendicular to the cortical surface. [e]
  • Cortical thickness [r]: The combined thickness of the cerebral cortex layers. [e]
  • Cradle of Humankind [r]: A World Heritage site in South Africa, which comprises three localities containing numerous fossil-bearing caves. [e]
  • Dinocephalia [r]: Medium to large, heavily-built therapsid mammal-like reptiles during the Mid-Permian period. [e]
  • Dinosaur [r]: widely distributed and diverse group of generally large reptiles that lived from approximately 215 to 65 million years ago. [e]
  • Dog [r]: Domesticated canine often kept as a pet or as a working animal and known as 'man's best friend'. [e]
  • Evolution of cetaceans [r]: Whales, dolphins and porpoises are descendants of land-living mammals, and remnants of their terrestrial origins can be found in the fact that they must breathe air; their fin bones look like jointed hands; and their spines movement has characteristics of a running mammal. [e]
  • Evolution of sirenians [r]: History of the origins of the order Sirenia, and the evolutionary processes that have affected manatees, dugongs, and the now extinct Steller's sea cow. [e]
  • Extinction [r]: The complete elimination of a species. [e]
  • Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) [r]: Endangered species of bear native to south-western China, with distinctive black and white coat and diet of mainly bamboo. [e]
  • Glycolysis [r]: A biochemical pathway by which a molecule of glucose is oxidized to two molecules of pyruvate. [e]
  • Grey matter [r]: A subset of brain tissue that contains few myelinated axons but the somas of nerve cells, as well as glia and endothelial structures. [e]
  • Growth hormone [r]: A peptide hormone that is made in and secreted from the somatotroph cells of the anterior pituitary gland, and which is essential for regulating post-natal growth in all mammals. [e]
  • Gyrification [r]: The folding process during brain development, or the extent of folding. [e]
  • Homo ergaster [r]: Early hominid that may either have been a predecessor of Homo erectus or an early group of Homo erectus. [e]
  • Homo floresiensis [r]: A subspecies of hominid popularly known as the "hobbit". [e]
  • Homo habilis [r]: An enigmatic early hominin species found dominantly in East African fossil deposits dated to approximately 1.8 to 2 million years ago. [e]
  • Hormone [r]: A chemical director of biological activity that travels through some portion of the body as a messenger. [e]
  • Horse [r]: Strong, intelligent equine in domestication for thousands of years and also found in the wild in feral populations. [e]
  • Human [r]: Bipedal mammalian species native to most continents and sharing a common ape ancestor with chimpanzees, gorillas and orang-utans; notable for evolving language and adapting its habitat to its own needs. [e]
  • Hyaenidae [r]: Breakdown of the taxonomic family Hyaenidae. [e]
  • Hypothalamus [r]: A part of the mammalian brain located below the thalamus, forming the major portion of the ventral region of the diencephalon. [e]
  • Indri indri (Indri) [r]: The largest living lemur native only on the island of Madagascar. [e]
  • Intelligence (biology) [r]: An organism's capacity to make adaptive decisions based on information about its internal state or that of its environment. [e]
  • Ireland (island) [r]: An island to the west coast of Great Britain, comprising the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. [e]
  • Kerala [r]: A State of south-western India. [e]
  • Lissencephaly [r]: Condition in which the brain surface is smooth, as opposed to gyrified. Normal in many mammals and transient in human fetal development but a disorder in humans born with it. [e]
  • Macroevolution [r]: Describes macroevolution, research history and emphasis and its primary focus and role in the theories of evolution. [e]
  • Maine Coon [r]: The oldest American breed of long-haired domestic cat. [e]
  • Maximum life span [r]: Measure of the maximum amount of time one or more members of a group has been observed to survive between birth and death. [e]
  • Neocortex [r]: The six-layered outer layer of the mammalian brain. [e]
  • Neuroendocrinology [r]: The study of the interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system. [e]
  • Nose [r]: The sensory organ with which vertebrates perceive odours, i.e. volatile chemicals in the air. [e]
  • Origin of music [r]: The evolutionary background of the human capacity for music. [e]
  • Oxytocin [r]: A mammalian hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior pituitary gland, and which is also released into the brain where it has effects on social behaviors. [e]
  • Pannexin [r]: Member of a vertebrate family of proteins homologous to the invertebrate innexins, present to form channels that allow release of ATP in erythrocytes and taste receptor cells. [e]
  • Panthera leo (Lion) [r]: Large gregarious predatory carnivorous feline of Africa and India having a tawny coat with a shaggy mane in the male, one of four big cats in the genus Panthera, and a member of the family Felidae. [e]
  • Panthera tigris (Tiger) [r]: Large carnivorous feline mammal of Asia, having a tawny coat with transverse black stripes, a member of the Felidae family, and the largest of the four 'big cats' in the genus Panthera. [e]
  • Penis [r]: A male sexual organ for transmission of semen into the female reproductive tract. [e]
  • Peptide hormone [r]: A class of chemical messengers, secreted into the blood from endocrine cells, that bind to specific receptors expressed on the plasma membrane of target cells. [e]
  • Pet [r]: Particularly cherished or indulged companion animal. [e]
  • Pineal gland [r]: Endocrine gland, in humans near the centre of the brain, secretes melatonin. [e]
  • Platypus [r]: An amphibious, egg-laying monotreme (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) of eastern mainland Australia and Tasmania, 45-60 cm in total length, having webbed feet and a muzzle like the bill of a duck; also known as the duck-billed platypus. [e]
  • Polymicrogyria [r]: A disorder in which the brain surface resembles that of a road paved with cobblestones. [e]
  • Primate [r]: A member of the biological order Primates, which includes prosimians (galagos, lorises, lemurs and tarsiers), monkeys, apes, and humans. [e]
  • Prion [r]: Simple proteins that do not contain any nucleic acid, thought to act as an infectious agent responsible for Creutzfeld-Jacob disease, kuru and possibly other degenerative diseases of the brain in humans, scrapie in sheep, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). [e]
  • Rabbit [r]: Long-eared, short-tailed, burrowing mammals of the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. [e]
  • Red blood cells [r]: Also called erythrocytes; a type of disc-shaped blood cell that contain hemoglobin, and the body's principal means of delivering oxygen to the body's cells via the blood, and the removal of carbon dioxide wastes that result from metabolism. [e]
  • Rejuvenation (aging) [r]: Hypothetical reversal of the aging process, aiming to repair the damage that is associated with aging or replacement of damaged tissue with new tissue. [e]
  • Sex-determination system [r]: A biological process that determines the development of sexual gender. [e]
  • Snake (organism) [r]: Elongate legless carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes, order Squamata, abundant in all warm countries. [e]
  • Species (biology) [r]: A fundamental unit of biological classification - a set of individual organisms that produce fertile offspring. [e]
  • Spotted hyaena [r]: A carnivorous mammal and the most recognizable of the hyaena species. [e]
  • Striped hyaena [r]: A review of habitat, range, behaviour, and diet of the striped hyaena. [e]
  • Swartkrans Cave [r]: A fossil hominin-bearinig cave situated approximately 1km to the west-northwest of the well known fossil site of Sterkfontein in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site. [e]
  • Systematics [r]: The study of the diversity of organism characteristics, and how they relate via evolution. [e]
  • Targeted gene replacement [r]: Technique in which cloned DNA is introduced into mammalian stem cell culture, via gene modification in vitro. [e]
  • Toxoplasma gondii [r]: Species of parasitic protozoa in the genus Toxoplasma, acts as a causative agent for toxoplasmosis, which can have serious or even fatal effects on a fetus whose mother first contracts the disease during pregnancy or on an immunocompromised human. [e]
  • Varecia variegata (Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur) [r]: A large quadrupedal Lemur found only on the island of Madagascar. [e]
  • Vasopressin [r]: A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction. [e]
  • White matter [r]: A subset of brain tissue whose volume is dominated by myelinated axons of nerve cells. [e]
  • Woolly lemur [r]: Medium-sized quadrupedal lemurs found only on the island of Madagascar. [e]
  • Yak [r]: Wild long-haired bovine (Bos grunniens) found throughout the Himalayan region of south Central Asia, the Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia. [e]