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A canine is any member of a large grouping of species of carnivorous and omnivorous mammals of varying size. The group includes wolves, which have subspecies, jackals, coyotes and domestic dogs, which are one species with hundreds of variants.

In everyday speech, the word "canine" is often used interchangeably with "dog", but true canines should be distinguished from canids, a parent classification that also includes vulpes, the foxes.

A canine tooth is one of four so named because in true canines, these teeth are quite prominent and longer and sharper than the others.