From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Alcohol : A chemical compound that contains a hydroxy group (OH).
- Anthropology : The holistic study of humankind; from the Greek words anthropos ("human") and logia ("study").
- Antonie van Leeuwenhoek : (1632 - 1723) Dutch scientist who discovered single-celled organisms.
- Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale Cress) : A small flowering plant widely used by plant biologists as a model organism for basic research. It is a dicotyledonous species and a member of the Brassicaceae or mustard family.
- Archaea : A major group of numerous microorganisms fundamentally different from the bacteria and including many chemolithotrophs and extremophiles.
- Astrobiology : The study of life in the universe.
- Bacterial cell structure : Morphological and genetic features of unicellular prokaryotic organisms characterized by the lack of a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
- Bacteria : A major group of single-celled microorganisms.
- Bacteriology : The branch of microbiology concerned with the study, use, and control of bacteria
- Biodiversity : The study of the range of life forms in a given ecosystem.
- Biogeography : The study of patterns of species distribution and the processes that result in such patterns.
- Bioinformatics : The study of (usually molecular) biological systems by computational means.
- Biology : The science of life — of complex, self-organizing, information-processing systems living in the past, present or future.
- Borrelia burgdorferi : Gram-negative, helically shaped bacterium that is the causative agent of Lyme disease.
- Botanical garden : Also botanic garden; a usually large garden, created for public education and enjoyment, with species organised and marked for easy identification. Some private residences have botanic gardens as part of their house parks, but this is unusual.
- Botany : The study of plants, algae and fungi (mycology).
- Carl Linnaeus : (1707–1778) Established principles for classifying plants and animals into the groupings we know as species and genera.
- Cell (biology) : The basic unit of life, consisting of biochemical networks enclosed by a membrane.
- Disease : A condition of the body in which one or more of its components fail to operate properly, resulting in disability, pain or other forms of suffering, or behavioral aberrations.
- Flavivirus : A genus in the family Flaviviridae which includes Dengue fever, yellow fever, West Nile and other viruses.
- Fruit : The parts of a plant containing its seeds, usually held in or around a pulpy covering.
- Fungus : A eukaryotic organism, classified into the kingdom Fungi, that is heterotrophic and digest their food externally, and may be a yeast, mold, or mushroom.
- Geomicrobiology : Study of microbes within inorganic environments, such as sedimentary rocks and aquifers.
- Geophysics : The study of the Earth by quantitative physical methods, namely seismic, magnetic, electrical, electromagnetic, thermal and radioactivity methods.
- Georges Cuvier : (1769 - 1832) vertebrate paleontologist and comparative anatomist who established the extinction of past lifeforms as an accepted scientific fact.
- Germ theory of disease : A theory that proposes that microorganisms are the cause of many diseases.
- Halobacterium NRC-1 : A microorganism from the Archaea kingdom perfectly suited for life in highly saline environments giving biologists an ideal specimen for genetic studies.
- Infectious disease : In broad terms, diseases caused by living organisms; also a subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the treatment of such diseases
- Koch's postulates : A set of principles, first published in 1890, which have proved to be useful, even when used with techniques never imagined by Koch, to establish causality between an organism and an infectious disease
- Lactococcus lactis : Gram-positive bacteria used extensively in the production of buttermilk and cheese.
- Legionella pneumophila : Gram-negative, pleomorphic bacterium of the genus Legionella, and the primary human pathogenic agent of legionellosis or Legionnaires' disease.
- Magnaporthe grisea : Plant-pathogenic ascomycete fungus that causes blast disease or blight disease, in cereal crops including wheat, rye, barley, pearl millet, and rice.
- Microbial ecology : Multidisciplinary study of interrelationships between microorganisms and their living and nonliving environments.
- Microbiology : The study of microorganisms (overlapping with areas of virology, bacteriology, mycology, and parasitology).
- Microorganism : A 'germ', an organism that is too small to be seen individually with the naked eye.
- Molluscum contagiosum : Viral infection of the skin or occasionally of the mucous membranes, characterized by one or more discrete, waxy, dome-shaped nodules with frequent umbilication.
- Morphology (biology) : The study of biological structure.
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis : A non-motile, rod shaped bacterium, and the primary cause of the disease tuberculosis.
- Naegleria fowleri : Add brief definition or description
- Noctiluca scintillans : Free-living, heterotrophic, non-parasitic marine-dwelling species of dinoflagellate that exhibits bioluminescence.
- Organism : An individual living individual: a complex, adaptive physical system that acts a integrated unit that sustains metabolism and reproduces progeny that resemble it.
- Pathology : The medical specialty that is expert in the use of laboratory methods to support clinicians in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis
- Phage ecology : Study of the interaction of bacteriophages with their environments.
- Phytotherapy : The therapeutic use of plants or plant extracts to prevent or treat disease; it is most commonly a form of complementary and alternative medicine, following long culturally-specific traditions such as herbalism. Chemically extracted and concentration-controlled plant-derived substances are used in conventional medicine, but are usually not considered phytotherapy.
- Solar system : The sun and the planets orbiting it.
- Staphylococcus epidermis : Add brief definition or description
- Taxonomy of Archaea domain : Is a taxonomic list of Archaea domain based on Garrity et al. (2007) and Euzeby (2008).
- Taxonomy : The principles underlying classification, often in a hierarchy.
- Toxoplasma gondii : Species of parasitic protozoa in the genus Toxoplasma, acts as a causative agent for toxoplasmosis, which can have serious or even fatal effects on a fetus whose mother first contracts the disease during pregnancy or on an immunocompromised human.
- Treponema pallidum : The pathogen, a spirochete, which causes the infectious disease, syphilis.
- Vaccine : "suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, or rickettsiae), antigenic proteins derived from them, or synthetic constructs, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases."(National Library of Medicine)
- Vibrio (genus) : Gram-negative bacteria possessing a curved rod shape, typically found in saltwater, with some species causing serious diseases in humans and other animals such as cholera.
- Vibrio cholerae : Motile, Gram-negative curved-rod shaped bacterium, with a polar flagellum that causes cholera in humans.
- Vibrio fischeri : Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium, found globally in the marine environments in symbiosis with certain deep sea marine life with their bioluminescent organs.
- Vibrio harveyi : Gram-negative, rod-shaped bioluminescent marine bacteria, responsible for luminous vibriosis, a disease that affects commercially-farmed penaeid prawns.
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus : Curved, rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium found in brackish saltwater, which, when ingested, causes gastrointestinal illness in humans.
- Vibrionaceae : A family of facultatively anaerobic bacteria, containing the genera Vibrio, Aeromonas, and Photobacterium
- Virology : The study of viruses, sometimes included in the field of microbiology.