Eukaryote/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Eukaryote.
See also changes related to Eukaryote, or pages that link to Eukaryote or to this page or whose text contains "Eukaryote".

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  • Adaptation [r]: Describes the event of a trait being selected by the mechanism of natural selection. [e]
  • Animalia [r]: The taxonomic kingdom including all animals. [e]
  • Animal [r]: A multicellular organism that feeds on other organisms, and is distinguished from plants, fungi, and unicellular organisms. [e]
  • Anise [r]: Annual herbaceous plant in the Apiaceae family that produces oil-rich fruits that have a distinct licorice taste. [e]
  • Archaea [r]: A major group of numerous microorganisms fundamentally different from the bacteria and including many chemolithotrophs and extremophiles. [e]
  • Bacterial cell structure [r]: Morphological and genetic features of unicellular prokaryotic organisms characterized by the lack of a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. [e]
  • Bacteria [r]: A major group of single-celled microorganisms. [e]
  • Biology [r]: The science of life — of complex, self-organizing, information-processing systems living in the past, present or future. [e]
  • Carbon dioxide [r]: Chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms covalently bonded to a single carbon atom. [e]
  • Cell (biology) [r]: The basic unit of life, consisting of biochemical networks enclosed by a membrane. [e]
  • Cell cycle [r]: Is the progression of events within a eukaryotic cell between cell divisions. [e]
  • Cell membrane [r]: The outer surface of a cell which encloses its contents. [e]
  • Cellular respiration [r]: A series of metabolic processes by which living cells produce energy through the oxidation of organic substances. [e]
  • Citric acid cycle [r]: A series of enzyme-catalysed chemical reactions of central importance in all living cells that use oxygen as part of cellular respiration. [e]
  • Cytoskeleton [r]: The mechanical scaffold, made up of fibrous proteins, determining the shape of a cell. [e]
  • DNA [r]: A macromolecule — chemically, a nucleic acid — that stores genetic information. [e]
  • Embryo [r]: An organism in its earliest phase of development. [e]
  • Endosymbiotic theory [r]: Theory on the origins of mitochondria and plastids (e.g. chloroplasts), which are organelles of eukaryotic cells. [e]
  • Eukaryota [r]: is a domain formed by all living beings, from unicellular to very complex individuals with many different types of cells carrying particular functions, that are always constituted by cells where there is a nucleus, with various organelles, enclosed by a membrane that separates its content from the surrounding cytoplasm. [e]
  • Evolution of cells [r]: The birth of cells marked the passage from pre-biotic chemistry to partitioned units resembling modern cells. [e]
  • Evolution [r]: A change over time in the proportions of individual organisms differing genetically. [e]
  • Fern [r]: are a group of seedless vascular plants that make up the class Pteropsida, closely allied to horsetails and whisk ferns, also considered to be ferns, with which form the division Pterophyta, that evolved in the Devonian period comprising about 12,000 species. [e]
  • Fungus [r]: A eukaryotic organism, classified into the kingdom Fungi, that is heterotrophic and digest their food externally, and may be a yeast, mold, or mushroom. [e]
  • Genetics [r]: The study of the inheritance of characteristics, genes and DNA. [e]
  • Glucose [r]: A monosaccharide (or simple sugar) and an important carbohydrate in biology, used by the living cell as a source of energy and metabolic intermediate. [e]
  • Glycolysis [r]: A biochemical pathway by which a molecule of glucose is oxidized to two molecules of pyruvate. [e]
  • Golgi apparatus [r]: An organelle in eukaryotic cells that modifies many proteins and lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum; it is named after Camillo Golgi who discovered it in 1898. [e]
  • Grass [r]: Monocotyledonous herbaceous plants that make up the families Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), Cyperaceae (sedges), and Juncaceae (rushes). [e]
  • Halobacterium NRC-1 [r]: A microorganism from the Archaea kingdom perfectly suited for life in highly saline environments giving biologists an ideal specimen for genetic studies. [e]
  • Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes [r]: Horizontal gene transfer (HGT; also called lateral gene transfer, LGT) is defined as movement of genes between different species, or across broad taxonomic categories. Prokaryotes are cells, such as bacteria, that do not have a nucleus enclosed by a nuclear membrae. Their DNA is in a region of the cell called the nucleiod, or nucleus-like material. [e]
  • Horizontal gene transfer [r]: Transfer of genetic material to a being other than one of the donor's offspring. [e]
  • Kingdom (biology) [r]: The second highest level taxon of organisms in scientific classification and biological taxonomy. [e]
  • Land [r]: a factor of production that is not the product of economic activity, the supply of which is independent of economic activity. [e]
  • Light [r]: The part of the electromagnetic spectrum visible to a species' biological eye. [e]
  • Microbial ecology [r]: Multidisciplinary study of interrelationships between microorganisms and their living and nonliving environments. [e]
  • Microbial metabolism [r]: The means by which a microbe obtains the energy and nutrients (e.g. carbon) it needs to live and propagate. [e]
  • Microbiology [r]: The study of microorganisms (overlapping with areas of virology, bacteriology, mycology, and parasitology). [e]
  • Microorganism [r]: A 'germ', an organism that is too small to be seen individually with the naked eye. [e]
  • Mitochondrion [r]: Structure, function, life cycle and evolutionary theories involving the origins and role of the mitochondrion. [e]
  • Model organism [r]: Species often used in research as models for the study of biological processes. [e]
  • Moss [r]: A non-vascular plant that only reproduces in water. [e]
  • Multicellular organism [r]: Organism consisting of more than one cell, and having differentiated cells that perform specialized functions in the organism. [e]
  • Naegleria fowleri [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine [r]: Award conferred once a year by the Swedish Karolinska Institute, for physiology or medicine, since 1901. [e]
  • Organelle [r]: Specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, and is usually separately enclosed within its own lipid membrane, found in all eukaryotic cells. [e]
  • Organism [r]: An individual living individual: a complex, adaptive physical system that acts a integrated unit that sustains metabolism and reproduces progeny that resemble it. [e]
  • Plant (disambiguation) [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Plant (organism) [r]: A eukaryotic organism, grouped into the kingdom Plantae, that typically synthesizes nutrients through photosynthesis and possesses the inability to voluntarily move. [e]
  • Prokaryote phylogeny and evolution [r]: History of the origins of prokaryotes and the evolutionary processes that have affected bacteria. [e]
  • Prokaryote [r]: Single celled organism with no membrane-bound organelles. [e]
  • Protist [r]: A unicellular organism grouped into the kingdom Protista that may have characteristics of plants and/or animals. [e]
  • RNA interference [r]: Process that inhibits the flow of genetic information to protein synthesis. [e]
  • Retrotransposon [r]: Genetic elements that can amplify themselves in a genome with the use of reverse transcriptase, and are ubiquitous components of the DNA of many eukaryotic organisms. [e]
  • Systematics [r]: The study of the diversity of organism characteristics, and how they relate via evolution. [e]
  • Targeted gene replacement [r]: Technique in which cloned DNA is introduced into mammalian stem cell culture, via gene modification in vitro. [e]
  • Taxonomy of Archaea domain [r]: Is a taxonomic list of Archaea domain based on Garrity et al. (2007) and Euzeby (2008). [e]
  • Transposon [r]: Blocks of conserved DNA that can occasionally move to different positions within the chromosomes of a cell. [e]
  • Virology [r]: The study of viruses, sometimes included in the field of microbiology. [e]
  • Virus (biology) [r]: A microscopic particle that can infect the cells of a biological organism and can reproduce only with the assistance of the cells it infects. [e]