Endosymbiotic theory/Related Articles
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- See also changes related to Endosymbiotic theory, or pages that link to Endosymbiotic theory or to this page or whose text .
- Cell (biology) : The basic unit of life, consisting of biochemical networks enclosed by a membrane.
- Evolution of cells : The birth of cells marked the passage from pre-biotic chemistry to partitioned units resembling modern cells.
- Lynn Margulis : (1938) An American biologist whose work on the origin of eukaryotic organelles led to general acceptance of the endosymbiotic theory; also a leading proponent of the Gaia hypothesis.
- : (1855-1921), A Russian biologist whose research on lichens led him to propose the theory of symbiogenesis - that larger, more complex cells evolved from the symbiotic relationship between less complex ones.
- : (1883-1969), An American biologist, the first to propose that chloroplasts and mitochondria originated as symbiotic bacteria.
- Chloroplast : The green organelles found in many higher plant cells and protists. Internal thylakoid membranes contain chlorophyll where photosynthesis takes place.
- Cyanobacteria : Add brief definition or description
- Mitochondrion : Structure, function, life cycle and evolutionary theories involving the origins and role of the mitochondrion.
- Rickettsiales : Add brief definition or description
- : A form of asexual reproduction and cell division used by all prokaryotes and some organelles within eukaryotic organisms.
- Ribosome : A supramolecular structure in cells made from proteins and RNA; it is the machine that translates the genetic code and synthesizes amino acids into the correct protein sequence.
- Phylogenetic : Add brief definition or description
- Chlorophyll : A green pigment found in most plants, algae, and cyanobacteria that absorbs light energy for photosynthesis.
- : A reduced eukaryotic nuclei found in certain plastids from cryptomonads and chlorarachniophytes; evidence of the evolutionary origin of plastids by endosymbiosis.
- : A relict, non-photosynthetic plastid surrounded by four membranes, proposed to have evolved via secondary endosymbiosis; found in most Apicomplexa, including malaria parasites such as Plasmodium falciparum.
- Organelle : Specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, and is usually separately enclosed within its own lipid membrane, found in all eukaryotic cells.
- Gene : The functional unit of heredity.
- DNA : A macromolecule — chemically, a nucleic acid — that stores genetic information.
- Horizontal gene transfer : Transfer of genetic material to a being other than one of the donor's offspring.
- Protist : A unicellular organism grouped into the kingdom Protista that may have characteristics of plants and/or animals.
- Bacteria : A major group of single-celled microorganisms.
- Algae : A diverse group of simple, typically photosynthetic organisms, ranging from unicellular to multicellular forms; the largest and most complex marine forms are called seaweeds.