Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks AUGUST 2014 donors; special to Darren Duncan. SEPTEMBER 2014 donations open; need minimum total $100. Let's exceed that. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to August content contributors. --

CZ:Linguistics Workgroup

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium

Jump to: navigation, search
The Citizendium Linguistics Workgroup
Linguistics article All articles (407) To Approve (0) Editors: active (4) / inactive (10)
Authors (183)
(Userinfo System)
Linguistics Workgroup Discussion
Recent changes Citable Articles (0) Mailing list (defunct):
Checklist-generated categories: Underlinked (122) | Cat Check (141) | Cleanup (0)
Subpage categories: Definitions (374) | Related Articles (366; to check 212) | Bibliography (109) | External Links (85) | Gallery (3) | Video (5) 
Missing subpage categories: Definitions (31) | Related Articles (9) | Bibliography (21) | External Links (26) 
17 Developed [1] | 161 Developing [2] | 198 Stub [3] | 30 External [4] | 17 Advanced [0-1] | 178 Nonstub [0-2] | 376 Internal [0-3]

Welcome to the Linguistics Workgroup. If you are not already a member of Citizendium, join here.

  • Please add yourself to the 'Authors' or 'Editors' pages above by placing the appropriate tag (e.g.Category:Linguistics Authors|Lastname, Firstname in double square brackets, if you're an author) on your user page.



Articles are in various stages of development. Click 'All Articles' above for linguistics articles which may or may not have been worked on. Check Linguistics External Articles for pages that have not changed significantly from the Wikipedia versions, and Linguistics Developing Articles for those with significant work. Developed articles are those that are nearing completion.

What can I write about?

  • There is a list of linguistics articles at CZ:Core Articles - Social Sciences, consisting of Wikipedia-sourced articles in need of editing, 'micro-stubs' (articles in need of expansion) and articles yet to be written. You can start, restart or expand any of these - and get credit for it! The list is copied below, along with more details of the 'Core Articles' project.
  • If you can write in other languages, you might also like to declare which one(s) at CZ:International.

Lists of articles

Article titles which have quite a few links to them within Citizendium but as yet have no article include:

Core articles

'Core Articles' are those which workgroup authors and editors have declared most important. Starting an article on any of these earns you points which you can list here. To get credit, you must start an article from the list below, contributing 250+ words (or expanding if it's a Citizendium-originating 'micro-stub'). If the article is 'external' (usually, this means it's imported with few or no changes from Wikipedia), then you must replace it altogether with your work. See the 'Core Articles' pages for more details, specifically the social sciences section ('linguistics' copied below) and accompanying Talk page.

(10) = worth this number of points   * = external, to replace or rewrite   ** = micro-stub (no pictures, under 50 words)

  1. Noam Chomsky (10)
  2. Morphology (linguistics)* (10)
  3. Phonetics* (10)
  4. Semantics (linguistics) (10)
  5. Syntax* (10)
  6. Applied linguistics* (5)
  7. Clinical linguistics (5)
  8. Cognitive linguistics* (5)
  9. Historical linguistics (5)
  10. History of linguistics* (5)
  11. Language evolution (5)
  12. Psycholinguistics* (5)
  13. Sociolinguistics (5)
  14. Theoretical linguistics* (5)
  15. Universal grammar (5)
  16. Alphabet (2)
  17. Accent (linguistics) (2)
  18. Computational linguistics* (2)
  19. Corpus linguistics* (2)
  20. Ferdinand de Saussure (2)
  21. Dialect* (2)
  22. Language attrition* (2)
  23. Lingua franca* (2)
  24. Linguistic prescriptivism* (2)
  25. Linguistic relativity (2)
  26. Linguistic typology* (2)
  27. Linguistic variation* (2)
  28. Multilingualism* (2)
  29. Neurolinguistics (2)
  30. Optimality Theory (2)
  31. Poverty of the stimulus (2)
  32. Structuralism (2)
  33. Writing system (2)

  1. Adjective (1)
  2. Adverb (1)
  3. Anaphor (1)
  4. Afro-Asiatic languages (1)
  5. Arabic language* (1)
  6. Article (linguistics) (1)
  7. Autosegmental phonology (1)
  8. Bengali language (1)
  9. Biolinguistics (1)
  10. Cantonese language (1)
  11. Chinese language (1)
  12. Conjunction (1)
  13. Case (1)
  14. Clinical linguistics (1)
  15. David Crystal (1)
  16. Definiteness (1)
  17. Deixis (1)
  18. Descriptive linguistics* (1)
  19. Dialectology (1)
  20. Diglossia (1)
  21. Discourse analysis (1)
  22. Dravidian Language Family (1)
  23. Endangered languages (1)
  24. Forensic linguistics (1)
  25. Hindi language (1)
  26. Illocutionary act (1)
  27. Implicature (1)
  28. Indo-European languages (1)
  29. Interlanguage (1)
  30. International language (1)
  31. Ray Jackendoff (1)
  32. Language family (1)
  33. Lexical phonology (1)
  34. Linguistic universal* (1)

  1. List of notable linguists** (1)
  2. Locutionary act (1)
  3. Mandarin language (1)
  4. Markedness (1)
  5. Minimality (1)
  6. Monitor theory* (1)
  7. Morpheme (1)
  8. Morphographic writing system (1)
  9. Orthography (1)
  10. Polish language (1)
  11. Pitch-accent language (1)
  12. Preposition (1)
  13. Presupposition (linguistics) (1)
  14. Prosodic hierarchy (1)
  15. Punjabi language* (1)
  16. Reference (1)
  17. Sanskrit (1)
  18. Edward Sapir (1)
  19. Sapir–Whorf hypothesis (1)
  20. Sense (1)
  21. Semiotics (1)
  22. Semitic languages (1)
  23. Sino-Tibetan languages (1)
  24. Speech acts (1)
  25. Stress (linguistics) (1)
  26. Stress-accent language (1)
  27. Stylistics (1)
  28. Syllabic writing system (1)
  29. Tone language (1)
  30. Translation (1)
  31. Urdu language (1)
  32. Word (1)
  33. Written language (1)

Already-written core articles in this workgroup

Core Article points not available for these articles.

  1. Communication
  2. Comparative linguistics
  3. Constructed language
  4. Contact language
  5. Creole language
  6. Creolistics
  7. Critical period hypothesis
  8. Descriptive linguistics
  9. English language (2)
  10. First language acquisition
  11. Fossilization (language acquisition)
  12. French language

  1. Generative linguistics
  2. German language
  3. Grammar
  4. Language
  5. Language acquisition
  6. Linguistics
  7. Natural language
  8. Noun
  9. Japanese language
  10. Phonology
  11. Pidgin (language)
  12. Portuguese language

  1. Pragmatics
  2. Pronoun
  3. Proto-Indo-European language
  4. Reading
  5. Russian language
  6. Second language acquisition
  7. Sign language
  8. Spanish language
  9. Spoken language
  10. Syllable
  11. Verb

Wikipedia article titles

These may or may not have a Citizendium page; they may also have been renamed.


  • Accent (linguistics): Pronunciation and intonation common to a popularly-recognised variety of a language, or a language itself. [e]
  • Stub Alphabet: Writing system in which symbols - single or multiple letters, such as <a> or <ch> - represent phonemes (significant 'sounds') of a language. [e]
  • External Article Anthropological linguistics: The study of language through human genetics and human development. [e]
  • Developing Article Applied linguistics: The application of linguistic theories to practical issues and problems, such as language learning. [e]
  • Developing Article Arabic language: is a Semitic language used by Islam and is an official or co-official language in the 22 countries which together make up the Arab World. [e]



  • Chinese language: Collective term for varieties of the Sino-Tibetan language family spoken in China; linguistically several different languages, but in broad cultural terms often seen as a single form. [e]
  • Stub Claude Lévi-Strauss: French anthropologist who developed structural anthropology as a method of understanding human society and culture. [e]
  • Clinical linguistics: Add brief definition or description
  • External Article Cognitive linguistics: School of linguistics that understands language creation, learning, and usage as best explained by reference to human cognition in general. [e]
  • Developing Article Communication: The set of interactive processes that create shared meaning. [e]
  • Stub Comparative linguistics: (also known as comparative philology) A branch of historical linguistics that uses a number of methods of comparing languages to establish their historical relatedness. [e]
  • Developed Article Comprehension approach: several methodologies of language learning that emphasise understanding of language rather than speaking. [e]
  • External Article Computational linguistics: Defined by the Association for Computational Linguistics as:"...the scientific study of language from a computational perspective. Computational linguists are interested in providing computational models of various kinds of linguistic phenomena." [e]
  • External Article Connectionism: An approach in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology and philosophy of mind which models mental or behavioral phenomena as the emergent processes of interconnected networks of simple units. [e]
  • External Article Corpus linguistics: The study of language as expressed in samples (corpora) or 'real world' text. [e]
  • Creole language: Add brief definition or description
  • Developing Article Critical period: Limited time in which an event can occur, usually resulting in some kind of transformation. [e]





  • Developing Article Generative linguistics: School of thought within linguistics that makes use of the concept of a generative grammar. [e]
  • Developing Article Geneva School: Two linguistic schools in the 1940s: the first group of linguists based in Geneva who pioneered modern structural linguistics and the second group of literary theorists and critics working from a phenomenological perspective. [e]
  • Stub German language: A West-Germanic language, the official language of Germany, Austria and Liechtenstein, one of several official languages in Switzerland and Belgium, and also spoken in Italy and Denmark. [e]
  • Developing Article Grammar: The structural rules that govern the composition of sentences, phrases, and words in any language; alternatively, the system of language itself, i.e. the principles common to all languages. [e]



  • Developing Article Japanese language: (日本語 Nihongo), Japonic language spoken mostly in Japan; Japonic family's linguistic relationship to other tongues yet to be established, though Japanese may be related to Korean; written in a combination of Chinese-derived characters (漢字 kanji) and native hiragana (ひらがな) and katakana (カタカナ) scripts; about 125,000,000 native speakers worldwide. [e]







  • Developing Article Paleolinguistics: The term used by some linguists for the study of the distant human past by linguistic means. [e]
  • Developing Article Phoneme: Theoretical unit of language that can distinguish words or syllables, such as /b/ versus /m/; often considered the smallest unit of language, but is a transcription convention rather than a true unit in most models of phonology since the 1960s. [e]
  • Developing Article Phonetics: Study of speech sounds and their perception, production, combination, and description. [e]
  • Developing Article Phonology: In linguistics, the study of the system used to represent language, including sounds in spoken language and hand movements in sign language. [e]
  • Pidgin: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Pidgin (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Plato's Problem: Add brief definition or description
  • External Article Portuguese language: An Iberian Romance language, of the Indo-European family. [e]
  • Poverty of the stimulus: Add brief definition or description
  • Developing Article Pragmatics: Branch of linguistics concerned with language in use or the study of meaning as it arises from language occurring in context. [e]
  • External Article Prague linguistic circle: Influential group of literary critics and linguists in Prague, during the years 1928 - 1939, who developed methods of structuralist literary analysis, which has significant continuing influence on linguistics and semiotics. [e]
  • External Article Prototype theory: Mode of graded categorization in cognitive science, where some members of a category are more central than others. [e]
  • External Article Psycholinguistics: Study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language. [e]
  • External Article Punjabi language: The language of the Punjabi people and the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. [e]


  • External Article Roman Jakobson: (October 11, 1896 – July 18, 1982) Russian thinker who became one of the most influential linguists of the 20th century by pioneering the development of structural analysis of language, poetry, and art. [e]
  • Stub Russian language: Widely-used member of the Slavic languages, written in the Cyrillic alphabet and spoken across Eurasia. [e]





Personal tools