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From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Phonetics, or pages that link to Phonetics or to this page or whose text .
- Language : A type of communication system; this term is used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on.
- Linguistics : The scientific study of language.
- Natural language : A communication system based on sequences of acoustic, visual or tactile symbols that serve as units of meaning.
- Spoken language : An example of language produced using some of the articulatory organs, e.g. the mouth, vocal folds or lungs, or intended for production by these organs; alternatively, the entire act of communicating verbally - what people mean or intend, the words they use, their accent, intonation and so on.
- Acoustic phonetics : Add brief definition or description
- Auditory phonetics : Add brief definition or description
- Articulatory phonetics : Add brief definition or description
- Frequency : For a periodic (i.e., repeating) phenomena, the number of repetitions per unit of time, usually one second; measured in Hertz
- Amplitude : Add brief definition or description
- Human voice : Add brief definition or description
- International Phonetic Alphabet : System of phonetic notation based on the Latin alphabet, devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.
- Consonant : Unit of language, defined in phonetics as a speech sound that involves full or partial 'closure' of the mouth, and in phonology as a segment that cannot occupy the nucleus or 'peak' of a syllable.
- Sonorant : Add brief definition or description
- Vowel : Speech sound with relatively unhindered airflow; different vowels are articulated mainly through tongue movements at the palatal and velar regions of the mouth, and are usually voiced (i.e. involve vocal fold movement).
- Palatalization : An umbrella term for several processes of assimilation in phonetics and phonology, by which the articulation of a consonant is changed under the influence of a preceding or following front vowel or a palatal or palatalized consonant.
- Voicing (linguistics) : Either the physical production of vibration by the vocal folds as part of articulation, or the potential phonological distinction this allows, i.e. the distinct difference between units such as [b] and [p] in many languages.
- Hearing : Add brief definition or description
- Ear : The organ that detects sound.
- Phonology : In linguistics, the study of the system used to represent language, including sounds in spoken language and hand movements in sign language.
- Phoneme : Theoretical unit of language that can distinguish words or syllables, such as /b/ versus /m/; often considered the smallest unit of language, but is a transcription convention rather than a true unit in most models of phonology since the 1960s.
- Theoretical linguistics : Core field of linguistics, which attempts to establish the characteristics of the system of language itself by postulating models of linguistic competence common to all humans.