Grammar (linguistics)/Related Articles
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- American English : Any of the spoken and written variants of the English language originating in the United States of America; widely used around the world.
- Anthropological linguistics : The study of language through human genetics and human development.
- British English : Any of the spoken and written variants of the English language originating in the United Kingdom; widely used around the world, especially in current and former countries of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- British and American English : A comparison between these two language variants in terms of vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation.
- Canadian English : Any of the dialects of English, standard or not, that are used in Canada.
- Chinese characters : (simplified Chinese 汉字; traditional Chinese: 漢字) are symbols used to write varieties of Chinese and - in modified form - other languages; world's oldest writing system in continuous use.
- Communication : The set of interactive processes that create shared meaning.
- Constructed language : A language whose phonology, grammar, and/or vocabulary have been devised by an individual or group, instead of having naturally developed.
- Contact language : any language which is created through contact between two or more existing languages; may occur when people who share no native language need to communicate, or when a language of one group becomes used for wider communication.
- Cranberry word : or 'fossilized term', used in morphology to refer to exceptional compound words not built from productive rules, e.g. cranberry (no such thing as *cran-).
- Democrat Party (phrase) : A phrase used by Republicans in the United States to refer to the opposition Democratic Party, and assumed by many Democrats to be an insulting, disparaging or derogatory term.
- English grammar : The body of rules describing the properties of the English language.
- Esperanto : Artificial language created by L.L. Zamenhof in the late 19th century.
- Euro : The official currency of the European Monetary Union.
- Hebrew Bible : consists of religious works categorized into the Torah (Law), Nevi'im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings).
- History of linguistics : Chronological study of the science which endeavours to describe and explain the human faculty of language.
- Human uniqueness : A theoretical concept in evolutionary studies, often used in discussions about the evolution of biological traits found in humans.
- Japanese English : English as used by native speakers of Japanese, either for communicating with non-Japanese speakers or commercial and entertainment purposes. Includes vocabulary and usages not found in the native English-speaking world.
- Kanji : (漢字) Chinese-derived characters used to write some elements of the Japanese language.
- Korean language : Add brief definition or description
- Language acquisition : The study of how language comes to users of first and second languages.
- Language planning : In sociolinguistics, the name for any political attempt to change the status of a language in some way or develop new ways of using it, e.g. a government devising laws to promote a language, or scholars producing an official dictionary; the former is status planning (changing the political recognition of a language), the latter corpus planning (changing the way a language is used).
- Lexis : Total bank of words and phrases of a particular language, the artifact of which is known as a lexicon.
- Lingua franca : Any language used for widespread communication between groups who do not share a native language or where native speakers are typically in the minority; name from 'Lingua Franca', a pidgin once used around the Mediterranean.
- Linguistic prescriptivism : The laying down or prescribing of normative rules for the use of a language, or the making of recommendations for effective language usage.
- Linguistics : The scientific study of language.
- Martha Young-Scholten : linguist specialising in the phonology and syntax of second language acquisition (SLA); senior lecturer at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
- Mathematics : The study of quantities, structures, their relations, and changes thereof.
- Morphology (linguistics) : The study of word structure; the study of such patterns of word-formation across and within languages, and attempts to explicate formal rules reflective of the knowledge of the speakers of those languages.
- Natural language : A communication system based on sequences of acoustic, visual or tactile symbols that serve as units of meaning.
- Noah Webster : (1758-1843) US lexicographer who compiled the American Dictionary of the English Language and wrote a widely used Speller for use in schools in the teaching of reading and writing.
- Noam Chomsky : American linguist, MIT professor and left-wing political activist.
- Noun class : System which categorises and marks the nouns of a language according to their meaning, form or pronunciation; commonly known as 'grammatical gender', but many languages have several noun classes.
- Noun : Linguistic item with grammatical properties such as countability, case, gender and number; has a distinct syntactic function (e.g. acting as subject or object in a clause), and used to name a person, place, thing, quality, or action.
- Pidgin Hawaiian : Extinct pidgin language spoken in Hawaii, which drew most of its vocabulary from Hawaiian; spoken mainly by immigrants to Hawaii, and died out in the early twentieth century.
- Pidgin : Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Pidgin (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
- Plural : Grammatical form that designates, relates to or composed of more than one member, set, or kind of objects specified.
- Programming language : A formal language specification, and programs for translating the formal language to machine code.
- Progressive education : Pedagogical movement rooted in common experience, and democratic and inclusive in outlook.
- Pronoun : A pro-form that substitutes for a noun (or noun phrase) with or without a determiner, such as you and they in English.
- Psycholinguistics : Study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language.
- Psychology : The study of systemic properties of the brain and their relation to behaviour.
- Second language acquisition : Process by which people learn a second language in addition to their native language(s), where the language to be learned is often referred to as the 'target language'.
- Semantics (linguistics) : The subfield of the study of language which focuses on meaning.
- Sign language : A system of language in which expressions are conveyed using body movements rather than the human voice.
- Spoken language : An example of language produced using some of the articulatory organs, e.g. the mouth, vocal folds or lungs, or intended for production by these organs; alternatively, the entire act of communicating verbally - what people mean or intend, the words they use, their accent, intonation and so on.
- Stephen Krashen : emeritus professor of education at the University of Southern California; his research concerns second language acquisition (SLA), bilingual education, literacy and neurolinguistics.
- Syntax (linguistics) : The study of the rules, or 'patterned relations', that govern the way words combine to form phrases and phrases to form sentences.
- Verb : A word in the structure of written and spoken languages that generally defines action.
- Voicing (linguistics) : Either the physical production of vibration by the vocal folds as part of articulation, or the potential phonological distinction this allows, i.e. the distinct difference between units such as [b] and [p] in many languages.
- Wales : A country of the United Kingdom that historically was considered a principality; population about 3,000,000.
- Welsh language : A Brythonic Celtic language spoken mainly in Wales and Patagonia, Argentina.
- Written language : The communication and representation of a language by means of a writing system.