Language acquisition/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Language acquisition, or pages that link to Language acquisition or to this page or whose text .
- Language (general) : A type of communication system; this term is used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on.
- Linguistics : The scientific study of language.
- Psychology : The study of systemic properties of the brain and their relation to behaviour.
- Cognitive science : The scientific study either of mind or intelligence and includes parts of cognitive psychology, linguistics and computer science.
- Neuroscience : The study of nervous systems and their components.
- First language acquisition : Study of the processes through which humans acquire language, specifically first languages, which studies infants' acquisition of their native language.
- Second language acquisition : Process by which people learn a second language in addition to their native language(s), where the language to be learned is often referred to as the 'target language'.
- Critical period hypothesis : Hypothesis which claims that there is an ideal 'window' of time to acquire language in a linguistically rich environment, after which this is no longer possible.
- Behaviorism : A major branch of psychology, started by Ivan Pavlov, which characterizes behavior in terms of stimuli and responses
- Nativism (psychology) : theory that certain traits of a species emerge from a mind that is already prepared for its environment, e.g. the language ability is not learned but 'acquired' due to innate processes.
- Native language : A language to which a person was exposed during early childhood, usually by other family members.
- Multilingualism : The state of knowing two or more languages, either in individuals or whole speech communities.
- Fossilization (language acquisition) : loss of progress in second language acquisition, where learners no longer move towards native-like ability in the second language, often despite constant exposure to it.
- Language attrition : The loss of a first or second language or a portion of that language by individuals.
- Universal grammar : Add brief definition or description
- Generative linguistics : School of thought within linguistics that makes use of the concept of a generative grammar.
- Contrastive analysis : Add brief definition or description
- Creolistics : The study of creole and pidgin languages.
- Applied linguistics : The application of linguistic theories to practical issues and problems, such as language learning.
- Language teaching : Add brief definition or description
- Communicative approach : Add brief definition or description
- Comprehension approach : several methodologies of language learning that emphasise understanding of language rather than speaking.
- Monitor theory : Hypotheses developed by the linguist Stephen Krashen to explain and predict the process of second language acquisition.
- B.F. Skinner : Add brief definition or description
- Noam Chomsky : American linguist, MIT professor and left-wing political activist.
- Wilder Penfield : Biography of Wilder Graves Penfield.
- Eric Lennerberg : Add brief definition or description
- Steven Pinker : (b. 18 September 1954) Canadian experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, and author of popular science, known for his wide-ranging advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind.
- Stephen Krashen : emeritus professor of education at the University of Southern California; his research concerns second language acquisition (SLA), bilingual education, literacy and neurolinguistics.
- Critical period : Limited time in which an event can occur, usually resulting in some kind of transformation.