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- AAR-54 : Using multiple ultraviolet sensors, this is an missile exhaust detector and alarm
- AAR-57 : Mounted on aircraft, the system detects the ultraviolet energy emissions of missile threats
- AC-130 : Heavily armed transport aircraft, based on the C-130 Hercules, used to provide air support to special operations forces.
- ALE-47 : An intelligent countermeasures dispenser for military aircraft, which can receive commands directly from warning receivers, and dispense expendable radar and infrared decoys, as well as manage a retrievable decoy towed via an fiber optic cable
- ALQ-213 : A Danish Air Force-designed electronics countermeasures suite controller used on aircraft of many countries
- ALR-93 : Part of the defensive electronics suite for United States Special Operations Command helicopters and fixed-wing transport aircraft, this detects a wide range of radar, and cues a decoy launcher and other countermeasures
- AN- : U.S. military nomenclature for electronic equipment, following the Joint Electronics Type Designation System
- Afghanistan War (1978-92) : A civil war in Afghanistan that matched the Soviet Union and its Afghan allies against a coalition of anti-Communist groups called the mujahideen, supported from the outside by the United States, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia.
- Air Force Special Operations Command : The Air Component of United States Special Operations Command; lineage includes Air Commando units in the Vietnam War
- Air defense artillery : A combat arms branch of the United States Army, responsible for defending ground forces and the continental United States against aircraft and missile attack
- Air refueling : Transferring fuel from one aircraft to another while both are in flight.
- Altitude : Distance above a planetary reference point, such as the mean sea level.
- Anti-shipping missile : An air, surface (sea or land), or submarine-launched missile that can track and intercept a maneuvering ship target against the background of moving water
- Armed helicopter : A helicopter that can be configured to carry troops or cargo only, light weapons and troops, or possibly a heavier ammunition load with still-removable weapons.
- Attack helicopter : A helicopter equipped with built-in heavy weapons, which has no standard cargo capacity and is used as a "flying tank" in close air support or battlefield air interdiction.
- Chemical Weapons Convention : Arms control treaty which prohibits the production, use and possession of chemical weapons and related assets.
- Copernicus - Orbiting Astronomical Observatory-3 : Space observatory launched by NASA on 21 August 1972, as a collaborative effort with the UK's Science and Engineering Research Council, which returned high resolution spectra of hundreds of stars along with extensive X-ray observations.
- Diagnostic imaging : The ensemble of methods used to generate visual representations of objects of clinical interest.
- Electro-optical MASINT : A subdiscipline of measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT), which has similarities to but complements imagery intelligence (IMINT); it does not form images, but validates them and produces information on phenomena that emit, absorb, or reflect electromagnetic energy in the infrared, visible light, or ultraviolet spectra, where the value is knowledge of the type of energy detected
- Electromagnetic spectrum : The range of electromagnetic waves covering all frequencies and wavelengths.
- Electronic warfare : A subset of information operations that deals with the use of electromagnetic or kinetic means to degrade an enemy's military electronics systems, to be able to operate one's own electronics in the face of enemy attacks, and to evade those attacks through protection or deception
- F-16 Fighting Falcon : A relatively lightweight land-based multirole fighter, developed by the United States Air Force; co-produced with Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway and Portugal; operated by many nations and to be replaced by the F-35A Lightning II. The F-16CJ model is optimized for SEAD.
- FIM-92 Stinger : A second-generation United States Army surface-to-air missile that can be fired from a soldier's shoulder, from vehicle-mounted launchers, and, in an air-to-air missile configuration, from attack helicopters. Uses combined infrared-ultraviolet guidance to resist countermeasures.
- Flare (electronic warfare) : An expendable electronic warfare decoy form of infrared countermeasures
- GALEX : An orbiting ultraviolet space telescope that was launched on April 28, 2003.
- Galileo Probe : An unmanned spacecraft sent by NASA to study the planet Jupiter and its moons.
- Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope : Space telescope designed to make spectroscopic observations in the far-ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum, flown into orbit on the Space Shuttle in December 1990, and in March 1995.
- Imagery intelligence : the practice of taking and interpreting visible and infrared light photographs and video, radar imagery, and other ways to form pictures of subjects of interest
- Infrared countermeasures : Equipment and flying techniques that can break the lock of a heat-seeking missile on a target aircraft.
- International Ultraviolet Explorer : An astronomical satellite designed primarily to observe ultraviolet spectra.
- MC-130 COMBAT SHADOW : A long-range U.S. Air Force Special Operations Command aircraft intended to refuel special operations helicopters, and carry out other clandestine functions such as leaflet drops
- MC-130 COMBAT SPEAR : Evolutionary upgrade of the MC-130H COMBAT TALON II, with improved avionics, structure, and ability to support CV-22 Ospreys as well as helicopters
- MC-130 COMBAT TALON : Special operations transport aircraft primarily intended to support ground forces in denied areas, by airdrop or assault landing; secondary capability of helicopter refueling and navigational assistance.
- MH-53 Pave Low : United States Air Force special operations helicopter that can fly at night, at extremely low altiude, and in most weather. Its main missions are delivering and retrieving special operations personnel; replaced by the CV-22
- MPQ-64 : Mobile air search radar, used by the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps, to detect aircraft, cruise missiles, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), for air defense and friendly air deconfliction
- Magnetic field : Vector field H caused by permanent magnets, conduction currents, and displacement currents.
- Man-portable air defense system : A surface-to-air missile that can be carried and fired by a single soldier.
- Mars (planet) : The fourth planet from the Sun in our solar system; named after the Roman god of war; also known as the "Red Planet".
- Missile warning receiver : An electronic warfare subsystem that detects the thermal energy, or other signatures, of a missile launch or its flight, in order to take defensive measures
- OH-58 Kiowa Warrior : A United States Army helicopter with extensive sensors for surveillance and guiding weapons fired by other air or ground weapons platforms, and also is a light attack helicopter on its own rights.
- Optical Disc : A flat, circular disc which can contain data encoded in microscopic pits (or bumps) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
- Oxygen : A chemical element with the symbol O and atomic number 8.
- Pollinator : Biotic vector that moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization or syngamy of the female gamete in the ovule of the flower by the male gamete from the pollen grain.
- Prion : Simple proteins that do not contain any nucleic acid, thought to act as an infectious agent responsible for Creutzfeld-Jacob disease, kuru and possibly other degenerative diseases of the brain in humans, scrapie in sheep, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).
- RNA world hypothesis : Proposes that a world filled with life based on ribonucleic acid (RNA) predated current life based on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
- Radar warning receiver : allows detection of a radar that potentially might be able to sense the platform carrying the receiver, but does not give detailed characterization of the radar signal, as needed for electronic intelligence.
- Radiation : Transmission of energy through space.
- Satellite orbits : The path of a celestial body or an artificial satellite as it revolves around another body.
- Spectroscopic MASINT : A electro-optical measurement and signature intelligence technique to measure the electromagnetic spectrum reflected from or emitted by an object, typically within the infrared through ultraviolet wavelength range, and compare it to spectral signatures of known objects
- Surface-to-air missile : A guided missile fired from land or water, to destroy aircraft and possibly missiles; naval versions may have a secondary anti-shipping missile capability
- Venus (planet) : The second planet from the Sun in our solar system; named after the Roman goddess of love.
- Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment : One of three ultraviolet telescopes on the ASTRO-1 mission flown on the space shuttle Columbia during December, 1990.