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Number needed to treat/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Number needed to treat.
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  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm [r]: Aneurysm that involves the descending aorta from the diaphragm to the split at the iliac arteries. [e]
  • Absolute risk reduction [r]: Decrease in risk of a given activity or treatment in relation to a control activity or treatment. [e]
  • Bell's Palsy [r]: Condition that involves the facial nerve (VII cranial nerve) and results in the paralysis of one side of the face. [e]
  • C-reactive protein [r]: Globulin that appears in the blood in certain acute inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatic fever, bacterial infections, and neoplastic diseases. [e]
  • Colorectal cancer [r]: Malignancy that arises from the lining of either the colon or the rectum. [e]
  • Cost-benefit analysis [r]: A method of evaluating projects that takes account of the preferences of those affected. [e]
  • Deep venous thrombosis [r]: The formation of a blood clot ("thrombus") in a deep vein. [e]
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2 [r]: Medical condition characterised by glucose intolerance and hyperglycemia [e]
  • Digital object identifier [r]: Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals. [e]
  • Dyspepsia [r]: Chronic or recurrent pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen. [e]
  • Evidence-based medicine [r]: The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. [e]
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease [r]: A condition in which stomach acid repeatedly flows upwards into the esophagus and throat. [e]
  • Heart failure [r]: Defective cardiac filling and/or impaired contraction and emptying, resulting in the heart's inability to pump a sufficient amount of blood to meet the needs of the body tissues or to be able to do so only with an elevated filling pressure. [e]
  • Herpes zoster [r]: Herpes virus that is responsible for chicken pox, which results in a painful blistery red rash that is confined to one side of the body. [e]
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor [r]: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors which reduce 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl CoA and lower cholesterol synthesis. [e]
  • Hypercholesterolemia [r]: Presence of an abnormally large amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the circulating blood. [e]
  • Influenza [r]: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract; the viruses are discussed in separate articles [e]
  • Irritable bowel syndrome [r]: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. [e]
  • Migraine headache [r]: Vascular type of headache, marked by severe cranial vault pain lasting several hours, resulting from intracranial, extracranial, or psychogenic causes. [e]
  • Minnesota Colon Cancer Control Study (PMID 7580661) [r]: Randomized controlled trial of 46,551 participants aged 50 to 80 years in Minnesota, for screening of colorectal cancer using the stool guaiac test. [e]
  • Obesity [r]: Excessive stores of body fat. [e]
  • Odds ratio [r]: Ratio of the relative incidence (odds) of a target disorder in an experimental group relative to the relative incidence in a control group; reflects how the risk of having a particular disorder is influenced by the treatment (odds ratio of 1 means that there is no benefit of treatment compared to the control group). [e]
  • Opioid analgesic [r]: Synthetic narcotic that has opiate-like activities, which induces analgesia by mimicking endogenous opioids, at opioid receptors in the brain. [e]
  • Placebo [r]: A treatment or drug, administered by, or at the orders of, a health professional, that the professional knows will have no physiologic effect [e]
  • Preoperative care [r]: Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery. [e]
  • Prostate cancer [r]: Malignant tumour of glandular origin in the prostate, most presenting as adenocarcinomas. [e]
  • Quantitative literacy [r]: The knowledge and skills required to apply arithmetic operations (United States Department of Education). [e]
  • Randomized controlled trial [r]: Method used to ensure objectivity when testing medical treatments. [e]
  • Relative risk ratio [r]: Proportion of diseased people amongst those exposed to the relevant risk factor divided by the proportion of diseased people amongst those not exposed to the risk factor. [e]
  • Relative risk reduction [r]: Epidemiological measure calculated by dividing the absolute risk reduction by the control event rate. [e]
  • Septic shock [r]: Serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis. [e]