Placebo/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Placebo.
See also changes related to Placebo, or pages that link to Placebo or to this page or whose text contains "Placebo".

Any form of health treatment may have a placebo effects. Some of the forms mentioned here are controversial in that some observers believe they have only placebo effect, while others believe that they can have direct therapeutic effects, which never excludes placebo effect. This article does not take a position on whether techniques have therapeutic effects in addition to placebo.

Parent topics


  • Placebo effect [r]: the effect of a medical treatment that is attributable to an expectation that the treatment will have an effect [e]
  • Sham treatment [r]: Use of some parts of a treatment that do have physical effects on a subject, which are intended to act as placebo where it is impossible to have a completely neutral equivalent to the treatment. While a pill with no active ingredients can be a placebo, for surgery, sham surgery would require at least anesthesia and an incision. [e]

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