- Africa : Continent stretching over the equator, hosting deserts, tropical jungles and savannah as well as over fifty nations; population about 900,000,000.
- North Africa : Add brief definition or description
- Muammar Gaddafi : Libyan military officer and politician, de facto leader of Libya from 1969 until 2011 (1942-2011).
- Transitional National Council : Loose governmental alliance of rebels against the Muammar Gaddafi government of Libya; recognized by France and seeking legitimacy
- G-77 : Add brief definition or description
- Organization of the Islamic Conference : Add brief definition or description
- United Nations : An international organization that was founded in 1945 with the mission of preventing international war, protecting human rights, supporting social progress and justice, and helping with economic progress.