Cohort study/Related Articles
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- Abscess : Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
- Adrenergic beta-antagonist : Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
- Antioxidant : Chemical compound or substance that inhibits oxidation.
- Antipsychotic agent : Class of medicines used to treat psychosis and other mental and emotional conditions.
- Atenolol : A cardioselective adrenergic beta-antagonist medication for hypertension and angina pectoris.
- Brain concussion : A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries.
- CURB-65 : Clinical prediction rule for predicting mortality in community-acquired pneumonia, and infection of any site.
- Case-control study : Research into the risk factors of people with a disease, compared with those without a disease.
- Colorectal cancer : Malignancy that arises from the lining of either the colon or the rectum.
- Dementia : Progressive decline in two or more cognitive domains that is severe enough to interfere with the performance of everyday activities.
- Digital object identifier : Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals.
- Electronic health record : Longitudinal collection of electronic health information about individual patients or populations
- Epidemiology : The branch of demography that studies patterns of disease in human or animal populations.
- Evidence-based medicine : The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
- Fibromyalgia : Inflammation of the fibrous or connective tissue of the body, characterized by acute and debilitating widespread musculoskeletal pain.
- Heart failure : Defective cardiac filling and/or impaired contraction and emptying, resulting in the heart's inability to pump a sufficient amount of blood to meet the needs of the body tissues or to be able to do so only with an elevated filling pressure.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus : An infectious human retrovirus, transmitted by bodily fluids, that causes AIDS.
- Mass screening : Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
- Maximum life span : Measure of the maximum amount of time one or more members of a group has been observed to survive between birth and death.
- Obesity : Excessive stores of body fat.
- Odds ratio : Ratio of the relative incidence (odds) of a target disorder in an experimental group relative to the relative incidence in a control group; reflects how the risk of having a particular disorder is influenced by the treatment (odds ratio of 1 means that there is no benefit of treatment compared to the control group).
- Pneumococcal vaccine : Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Pseudomembranous enterocolitis : Enterocolitis with the formation and passage of pseudomembranous material in the stools, caused by a necrolytic exotoxin made by Clostridium difficile.
- Transient ischemic attack : Temporary blockage of the blood supply to the brain caused by a blood clot and usually lasting ten minutes or less, during which dizziness, blurring of vision, numbness on one side of the body, and neurologic dysfunction is experienced.
- Transient neurological attack : Multiple, acute disturbances involving changes to visual perception, lack of muscle strength, and amnesia.
- Vasopressin : A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction.
- Women's Health Initiative : US National Institutes of Health project, to conduct medical research and clinical trials into some of the major health problems of older women.