Cochrane Collaboration/Related Articles
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- Accidental fall : Fall due to slipping or tripping which results in injury.
- Acupuncture point : According to the earliest oriental extant medical treatise, the Yellow Emperor's Classic, "holes" on the surface of the body enabling the life force, or qi (ch'i) to pass in an out of the body.
- Acupuncture : A form of alternative medicine that involves inserting and manipulating needles into 'acupuncture points' on the body with the aim of restoring health and well-being.
- Acute kidney injury : Formerly termed acute renal failure (ARF), an abrupt (within 48 hours) reduction in kidney function currently defined as an absolute increase in serum creatinine, a percentage increase in serum creatinine , or a reduction in urine output beyond quantitatively defined levels
- Adrenergic beta-agonist : Class of drugs used to treat asthma and other pulmonary disease states.
- Alcohol withdrawal : A group of syndromes that may occur after cessation of drinking ethanol alcohol.
- Angiotensin II receptor antagonist : Agents that antagonize angiotensin II type 1 receptor. Included are angiotensin II analogs such as saralasin and biphenylimidazoles such as losartan. Some are used as antihypertensive agents.
- Ascites : Accumulation of serous fluids in the space between the tissues and organs of the abdominal cavity.
- Asthma : Disease process that is characterised by paradoxical narrowing of the bronchi, making breathing difficult.
- Breast cancer : Cancer of the glandular breast tissue.
- Carotid endarterectomy : Excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.
- Chiropractic : A complementary, alternative health-care profession that aims to heal using manual therapies on the spine and extremities.
- Clinical practice guideline : Document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management, and treatment in specific areas of healthcare.
- Colorectal cancer : Malignancy that arises from the lining of either the colon or the rectum.
- Common cold : Contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection.
- Cystitis : Inflammation of the urinary bladder, often resulting from a bacterial infection.
- Deep venous thrombosis : The formation of a blood clot ("thrombus") in a deep vein.
- Delirium : A disorder characterized by confusion; inattentiveness; disorientation; illusions; hallucinations; agitation; and in some instances autonomic nervous system hyperactivity.
- Dementia : Progressive decline in two or more cognitive domains that is severe enough to interfere with the performance of everyday activities.
- Depression : Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Depression (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
- Diabetes mellitus type 2 : Medical condition characterised by glucose intolerance and hyperglycemia
- Dyspepsia : Chronic or recurrent pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen.
- Echinacea : is a genus of nine perennial herbs, native to central and eastern North America, member of the Asteraceae or sunflower family and a member of the large tribe Heliantheae within the Asteraceae; three members of the genus are known principally for their uses as topical and internal herbal remedies; the plant is also appreciated and cultivated for its ornamental value as a garden flower.
- Embolism and thrombosis : Pathological conditions which are caused by the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) in a blood vessel, or by blocking of a blood vessel with an embolus, undissolved materials in the blood stream.
- Estrogen : A type or class of sex steroid hormone with an eighteen carbon atom base structure.
- Faith healing : Use of faith and spirit to cure disease.
- Fish oil : Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the livers.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease : A condition in which stomach acid repeatedly flows upwards into the esophagus and throat.
- Ginkgo : Dioecious tree, commonly known as the maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba), that is native to China and is cultivated as a shade tree, and is regarded as a living fossil.
- Glycemic index : Numerical index given to a carbohydrate-rich food that is based on the average increase in blood glucose levels occurring after the food is eaten.
- Gout : Disturbance of uric-acid metabolism, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet, from the deposition of urate crystals.
- Hepatic encephalopathy : Medical syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction associated with liver failure.
- Herniated disk : Rupture of fibrocartilagenous material (annulus fibrosis) that surrounds the intervertebral disk.
- Homeopathy : System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science.
- Incentive spirometry : Therapeutic use of gases or of aerosols by inhalation, designed to help restore or improve respiratory function in patients.
- Influenza : An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract; the viruses are discussed in separate articles
- Irritable bowel syndrome : A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology.
- Lumbalgia : Common musculoskeletal disorder caused by a variety of diseases and trauma that affect the lumbar spine.
- Meta-analysis : A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies.
- Obesity : Excessive stores of body fat.
- Obstructive sleep apnea : Clinical complex due to the pathophysiologic response to anatomic defects of the nasopharynx, characterized by hundreds of apneic episodes during sleep, resulting in upper airway closure.
- Pain : Unpleasant feeling or hurtful sensation that is conveyed to the brain by stimulation of sensory neurons.
- Peak expiratory flow rate : Measurement of the maximum amount of expelled air that leaves the lungs on forced exhalation.
- Pelargonium sidoides : Medicinal plant native to South Africa, whose derivative in inexpensive cold and flu medicines of various brands have unproven efficacy.
- Pneumococcal vaccine : Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Preoperative care : Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery.
- Publication bias : Tendency for researchers, editors, and companies to handle the reporting of experimental results that are positive differently from results that are negative or inconclusive.
- Smoking cessation : Medical term for quitting smoking of tobacco and tobacco-related products.
- Status epilepticus : Prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes.
- Systematic review : Literature review focused on a single question that tries to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high quality research evidence relevant to that question.
- Urinary catheterization : Insertion of a urinary catheter into a patient's bladder via their urethra.
- Venous stasis ulcer : Wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of valves in the veins usually of the legs.