Logical positivism/Related Articles
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- Atheism : Absence of belief in any god or other supernatural beings; distinct from antitheism, or opposition to religion, and agnosticism, the position that one cannot know whether such beings exist.
- France : Western European republic (population c. 64.1 million; capital Paris) extending across Europe from the English Channel in the north-west to the Mediterranean in the south-east; bounded by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain; founding member of the European Union. Colonial power in Southeast Asia until 1954.
- Hans Reichenbach : (26 September 1891 – 9 April 1953) German-born philosopher of science, educator and proponent of logical empiricism, best known for founding the Berlin Circle, and as the author of The Rise of Scientific Philosophy.
- History of philosophy of science : Add brief definition or description
- Kurt Gödel : (1906-1978) Austrian born American mathematician, most famous for proving that in any logical system rich enough to describe naturals, there are always statements that are true but impossible to prove within the system.
- Ludwig Wittgenstein : (1889–1951) Austrian-born philosopher, author of the Tractatus and Philosophical Investigations.
- Metaphysics : Branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the nature of the world.
- Molecule : An aggregate of two or more atoms in a definite arrangement held together by chemical bonds.
- Omnipotence paradox : Family of related paradoxes addressing the question of what is possible for an omnipotent being to do.
- Philosophy of science : Philosophical study of the assumptions, foundations, and implications of science.
- Political system : Recursive structures for transforming existing values into political demands and supports which provoke authoritative decisions allocating values and lead to consequences which, in turn, provoke new patterns of demands and supports.
- Reductionism : The attempt to replace high-level explanations of phenomena by more basic explanations, often in terms of interacting subsystems or parts.
- Rudolf Carnap : (1891–1970) Philosopher, a leading member of the Vienna Circle and an advocate of logical positivism
- Verifiability theory of meaning : Theory which posits that a statement is literally meaningful (it expresses a proposition) if and only if it is either analytic or empirically verifiable.
- Verificationism : Principles and criteria for meaningfulness that requires a non-analytic, meaningful sentence to be empirically verifiable.
- Vienna Circle : Group of philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians formed in the 1920s that met regularly in Vienna to investigate scientific language and scientific method.