Vienna Circle/Related Articles
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- Analytic philosophy : Philosophical tradition that emphasizes the logical analysis of concepts and the study of the language in which they are expressed.
- Austria : Federal republic in central Europe (population c. 8.2 million; capital Vienna), bordered to the north by Germany and the Czech Republic; to the south by Italy and Slovenia; to the west by Switzerland and Liechtenstein; and to the east by Hungary and Slovakia.
- Immanuel Kant : (1724–1804) German idealist and Enlightenment philosopher who tried to transcend empiricism and rationalism in the Critique of Pure Reason.
- Logical positivism : A school of philosophy that combines positivism—which states that the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge—with some kind of logical analysis, which is similar, but not the same as logicism.
- Meaning : Referent that is conveyed or signified, that is intended in a specified manner.
- Paris : Capital of France, population about 2,200,000.
- Philosophy of religion : Branch of philosophy concerned with religion.
- Rudolf Carnap : (1891–1970) Philosopher, a leading member of the Vienna Circle and an advocate of logical positivism
- Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus : 1921 book containing the early philosophical work of Ludwig Wittgenstein.
- Verifiability theory of meaning : Theory which posits that a statement is literally meaningful (it expresses a proposition) if and only if it is either analytic or empirically verifiable.
- Verificationism : Principles and criteria for meaningfulness that requires a non-analytic, meaningful sentence to be empirically verifiable.
- Willard Van Orman Quine : One the leading philosophers and logicians of the twentieth century, and perhaps the most prominent American philosopher of that century.