Computer/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Computer.
See also changes related to Computer, or pages that link to Computer or to this page or whose text contains "Computer".

Parent topics

Subtopics

  • Programming language [r]: A formal language specification, and programs for translating the formal language to machine code. [e]


Other related topics

Bot-suggested topics

Auto-populated based on Special:WhatLinksHere/Computer. Needs checking by a human.

  • Adder (electronics) [r]: A digital circuit that performs integer addition in the Arithmetic Logic Unit in a computer. [e]
  • Akalabeth [r]: One of the first graphical role-playing computer games for personal computers. [e]
  • Algorithm [r]: A sequence of steps used to solve a problem. [e]
  • Amish [r]: A Christian people centered mainly in the United States and noted for their rejection of much of modern culture and technology. [e]
  • Amstrad [r]: A British manufacturer of consumer electronics, started in 1968 by Sir Alan Sugar, in London. [e]
  • Apollo Command-Service Module [r]: Three-man spacecraft built for NASA by North American Aviation, and one of the two spacecraft that were utilized for the Apollo program, along with the Lunar Module, to land astronauts on the Moon. [e]
  • Applied linguistics [r]: The application of linguistic theories to practical issues and problems, such as language learning. [e]
  • Artificial intelligence [r]: The field of science and engineering involved with the study, design and manufacture of systems that exhibit qualities such as adaptivity, complexity, goal pursuit, reactiveness to surroundings, and others that are commonly attributed to "intelligence." [e]
  • Artificial neural network [r]: Connectionist processing models inspired by the architecture of real brains. [e]
  • Assembly Language [r]: A method of abstracting machine code instructions for a computer into commands recognizable by a human. [e]
  • Associativity [r]: A property of an algebraic operation such as multiplication: a(bc) = (ab)c. [e]
  • BIOS [r]: Part of many modern computers responsible for basic functions such as controlling the keyboard or booting up an operating system. [e]
  • Banknotes of the Chatham Islands [r]: Currency issued by the private organization Chatham Islands Note Corporation in 2000 and 2001. [e]
  • BeOS [r]: An operating system for personal computers which began development by Be Inc. in 1991. [e]
  • Beowulf cluster [r]: Distributed supercomputer cluster made from commodity hardware (e.g. PCs). [e]
  • Buffer overflow [r]: In computers and computer security, occurs when more data is written to a memory buffer than can fit into the memory buffer. [e]
  • Business [r]: A term that relates to the transaction of commerce. [e]
  • Byte [r]: A byte is a unit of data consisting of (usually) eight binary digits, each of which is called a bit. [e]
  • C (programming language) [r]: General-purpose procedural programming language developed in 1972. [e]
  • C++ [r]: Programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup that added concepts from object oriented programming to the C programming language. [e]
  • COBOL [r]: Computer programming language. [e]
  • Cellular telephony [r]: A set of techniques that let many low-powered portable telephones connect to the fixed network, often exchanging data and images as well as voice [e]
  • Central processing unit [r]: The component in an electronic computer that performs all the active processing of its programming directions, and manipulation of data; this includes performing calculations on numbers, and determining which particular steps to perform. [e]
  • Charles Babbage [r]: English 19th century inventor who invented a precursor of the modern computer. [e]
  • Chip (disambiguation) [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Claude Shannon [r]: (1916-2001) A theoretical mathematician and electrical engineer, one of the foundational researchers in computer and communications design. [e]
  • Clinical decision support system [r]: Interactive computer programs that directly assist physicians and other health professionals with decision-making tasks. [e]
  • Cloud computing [r]: Use of computer networks, especially the Internet, to access computer resources, operated by a third party; access is on-demand and dynamically assigned — cloud computing differs from managed hosting with resources dedicated to users [e]
  • Compiler [r]: A program that translates a human-readable instructions into machine instructions. [e]
  • Computational complexity theory [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Computer architecture [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Computer engineering [r]: Discipline that deals with the design and production of computer hardware, the design and development of low-level computer software, and computer hardware-software integration. [e]
  • Computer network [r]: A collection of computers or digital devices ("nodes") connected by communication links. [e]
  • Computer program [r]: A set of instructions to be executed by a computer. [e]
  • Computer science [r]: The study of how computers work, and the algorithms, data structures and design principles used in their operation and programming. [e]
  • Computer security [r]: Computer security is a branch of technology known as information security as applied to computers. [e]
  • Computer simulation [r]: A computer program that attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system. [e]
  • Computer-aided design [r]: Form of automation that helps designers prepare drawings, specifications, parts lists, and other design-related elements using special graphics and calculations intensive computer programs. [e]
  • Console video games [r]: An interactive entertainment computer or electronic device that manipulates the video display signal of a display device (a television, monitor, etc.) to display a game. [e]
  • Darwin operating system [r]: The open source, Unix-like base operating system of the Mac OS X, which uses the Mach-based XNU kernel. [e]
  • Double data rate [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Douglas Adams [r]: (1952–2001) English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician, best known as the author of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. [e]
  • Electrical engineering [r]: The branch of engineering that deals primarily with electricity and electromagnetism. [e]
  • Electricity [r]: The flow or presence of electric charge; the flow of electricity is an important carrier of energy. [e]
  • Electronic switch [r]: Electronic switches are devices that can stop or start an electric current as a result of the absence (or presence) of a control signal. [e]
  • Esperanto [r]: Artificial language created by L.L. Zamenhof in the late 19th century. [e]
  • Exponential growth [r]: Increase of a quantity x with time t according to the equation x = Kat, where K and a are constants, a is greater than 1, and K is greater than 0. [e]
  • Geographic information system [r]: Utility to handle spatial data that incorporates encoding, management, analysis and output. [e]
  • Geometric computing [r]: Computational problems in the field of geometry. [e]
  • Graphics processing unit [r]: An independent specialized graphics coprocessor responsible for handling the graphics output of the computer, generally to the monitor. [e]
  • HTML [r]: A set of tags for marking up the content of a web page into distinct sections. [e]
  • HTTP [r]: Network protocol on which the World Wide Web is based. [e]
  • Hacker [r]: An expert, a problem solver, and generally a brilliant programmer. In popular usage, those who illegally break into computer systems. [e]
  • Halting problem [r]: The task to decide whether a certain computer (executing a certain program) will eventually stop. [e]
  • Hard Disk [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Hard disk [r]: The physical device in most modern computers that holds large amounts of data on a permanent basis, using magnetic media on a rapidly rotating circular platter. [e]
  • Herman Hollerith [r]: (February 29, 1860 – November 17, 1929) An American engineer and businessman important in the history of computing for having invented punched card input for program instructions and developed the tabulating company that became International Business Machines. [e]
  • History of computing [r]: How electronic computers were first invented; how the technology underlying them evolved. [e]
  • IBM compatible PC [r]: A computer compatible with the original IBM PC, but made by a different company. [e]
  • IP address [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Information theory [r]: Theory of the probability of transmission of messages with specified accuracy when the bits of information constituting the messages are subject, with certain probabilities, to transmission failure, distortion, and accidental additions. [e]
  • Instruction set architecture [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Integer [r]: The positive natural numbers (1, 2, 3, …), their negatives (−1, −2, −3, ...) and the number zero. [e]
  • Integrated circuit [r]: Miniaturized electronic circuit that has been manufactured in the surface of a thin substrate of semiconductor material. [e]
  • Intel [r]: A major manufacturer of integrated circuit chips, especially processors. [e]
  • Internet [r]: International "network of networks" that connects computers together through the Internet Protocol Suite and supports applications like Email and the World Wide Web. [e]
  • Java (disambiguation) [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Java programming language [r]: A popular object-oriented programming language originally created by Sun Microsystems. [e]
  • Joystick [r]: Control device consisting of a movable grip with buttons; used in aircraft and computer gaming. [e]
  • Kim Komando [r]: Host of The Kim Komando® Show, a radio program about computers and consumer electronics. [e]
  • Konrad Zuse [r]: Early German computer designer (b. 1910, d. 1995). [e]
  • Language (general) [r]: A type of communication system; this term is used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on. [e]
  • Life extension [r]: Medical and non-medical attempts to slow down or reverse the processes of aging, to extend both the maximum and average lifespan. [e]
  • Linus Torvalds [r]: Finnish software developer, famous for developing Linux, the free operating system kernel. [e]
  • Lisp [r]: A high-level, functional computer programming language with close historical ties to artificial intelligence research. [e]
  • Locality of reference [r]: A commonly observed pattern in memory accesses by a computer program over time. [e]
  • Logarithm [r]: Inverse of exponentiation, as subtraction is the inverse of addition and division is the inverse of multiplication. [e]
  • Malware [r]: A term created from the words "malicious" and "software", used to describe undesirable or harmful software and changes to a computer. [e]
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology [r]: A private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts with a strong emphasis on scientific and technological research. [e]
  • Maya (software) [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Memory (computers) [r]: The highest-speed storage media used directly by computers, usually for transient information but sometimes for permanent or semi-permanent information such as "boot" data for initialization [e]
  • Microsoft [r]: A computer software company founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. [e]
  • Moore's law [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Norman Lovett [r]: (b. 31 October 1946) English stand-up comedian and actor, best known for the role of Holly in Red Dwarf during the first, second, seventh (as a guest star) and eighth series. [e]
  • Operating system [r]: The main software of a computer system; controls the execution of applications and provides various services to them. [e]
  • Patent [r]: Grant made by a government that confers upon the creator of an invention the sole right to make, use, and sell that invention for a set period of time. [e]
  • Personal computer [r]: A computer whose price, size, and features make it suitable for personal use. [e]
  • Printing press [r]: Device for making multiple paper copies of text, invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the 1440s. [e]
  • Programming language [r]: A formal language specification, and programs for translating the formal language to machine code. [e]
  • Psychology [r]: The study of systemic properties of the brain and their relation to behaviour. [e]
  • Quantum computing [r]: A Quantum computer manipulates coherence for parallel computing. [e]
  • Quantum mechanics [r]: An important branch of physics dealing with the behavior of matter and energy at very small scales. [e]
  • Quine (computer program) [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Random Access Memory [r]: More commonly RAM, is a term most often used to describe the main system memory of a personal computer; there have been many types of memory devices called "RAM"; generally these devices share the common features of having read/write access to any non-sequential memory location (thus "random" access), and relatively fast data access times. [e]
  • Reading [r]: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Reading (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Real number [r]: A limit of the Cauchy sequence of rational numbers. [e]
  • Red Dwarf (science fiction series) [r]: A British science-fiction situation comedy that originally aired on the BBC from 1988. [e]
  • Routing information base [r]: An electronic table (file) or database type object that is stored in a router or a networked computer. [e]
  • Ruby programming language [r]: Dynamically-typed, object-oriented programming language created by Yukihiro Matsumoto in 1995. [e]
  • SNOBOL [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Satellite orbits [r]: The path of a celestial body or an artificial satellite as it revolves around another body. [e]
  • Scheme programming language [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Server (computer) [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Spoken language [r]: An example of language produced using some of the articulatory organs, e.g. the mouth, vocal folds or lungs, or intended for production by these organs; alternatively, the entire act of communicating verbally - what people mean or intend, the words they use, their accent, intonation and so on. [e]
  • Structured Query Language [r]: Simple language designed for querying and managing relational databases. [e]
  • TARDIS [r]: A time machine in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. [e]
  • Tommy Rettig [r]: Former sucsessful child actor of the 1950s and software developer as an adult. [e]
  • Translation system [r]: Sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of computer software to translate text or speech from one natural language to another. [e]
  • Trigonometric function [r]: Function of an angle expressed as the ratio of two of the sides of a right triangle that contains that angle; the sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant. [e]
  • Turing Machine [r]: A theoretical computing device, first posited by mathematician Alan Turing, which has been used extensively in analyzing computing problems such as tractability and complexity theory. [e]
  • Unicode [r]: Character encoding standard designed to formalize a universal representation of alphanumeric symbols. [e]
  • United Kingdom [r]: Constitutional monarchy which includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. [e]
  • Unix [r]: A computer operating system originally conceived and developed by a group of researchers as an unofficial project while they were working at AT&T's Bell Laboratories. [e]
  • Voice over Internet Protocol [r]: A family of standards that permits carrying voice telephony over Internet Protocol networks that handle both voice and data, instead of dedicated telephony networks. [e]
  • Web browser [r]: A computer program that retrieves and renders webpages to display information stored on a web server. [e]
  • Windows 7 [r]: several versions of an operating system developed by Microsoft and first released in 2009. [e]
  • Windows Vista [r]: several versions of an operating system developed by Microsoft and first released in 2006. [e]
  • Windows XP [r]: several versions of an operating system developed by Microsoft and first released in 2001. [e]
  • World Wide Web [r]: A global collection of information presented in the form of documents hosted on networked computers and available to the public. [e]
  • Writing [r]: The process of recording thoughts or speech in a visually or haptically retrievable manner. [e]
  • Written language [r]: The communication and representation of a language by means of a writing system. [e]
  • X86 [r]: The instruction set architecture for the Intel 8086 and 8088 chips, 16-bit microprocessors first produced in 1978. [e]
  • XML [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Year 2038 bug [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Zilog Z80 [r]: An eight-bit microprocessor microprocessor made by Zilog. [e]