Artificial intelligence/Related Articles
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- Alan Turing : British mathematician, code breaker and computer pioneer.
- Bioengineering : The application of electrical, mechanical, chemical, optical, nuclear and other engineering principles to understand, modify and control biological (plants and animals - including human) systems.
- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- CAPTCHA : A Turing test employed most frequently in websites to discriminate between humans and computer programs.
- Cerebellum : The small brain — a part of the hindbrain in vertebrates.
- Chess : Board game for two players played on a checkered board requiring skill, strategy and intellect.
- Clinical decision support system : Interactive computer programs that directly assist physicians and other health professionals with decision-making tasks.
- Computational linguistics : Defined by the Association for Computational Linguistics as:"...the scientific study of language from a computational perspective. Computational linguists are interested in providing computational models of various kinds of linguistic phenomena."
- Computer Go : Field of artificial intelligence dedicated to creating a computer program that plays the ancient board game go.
- Computer : A machine that executes a sequence of instructions.
- Connectionism : An approach in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology and philosophy of mind which models mental or behavioral phenomena as the emergent processes of interconnected networks of simple units.
- Evolutionary psychology : The comparative study of the nervous system and its relation to behaviour across species.
- Game : A structured or semi-structured contrived activity, primarily undertaken for enjoyment or, sometimes, practice.
- L5 Society : A society founded in 1975 by Carolyn and Keith Henson to promote the space colony ideas of Dr. Gerard K. O'Neill.
- Logic : The study of the standards and practices of correct argumentation.
- Means-ends analysis : A problem solving strategy in which a person identifies and then eliminates any differences between their current position in a problem and the goal state.
- Orch-OR : A speculative theory of consciousness proposed in the mid-1990s by British theoretical physicist Sir Roger Penrose and American anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff.
- Psycholinguistics : Study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language.
- Turing test : A test for artificial intelligence proposed by Alan Turing; if a computer can handle conversation well enough to appear human, then it must be behaving intelligently.
- University of Manchester : Largest single higher education institution in the United Kingdom.