Hypothalamus/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Hypothalamus.
See also changes related to Hypothalamus, or pages that link to Hypothalamus or to this page or whose text contains "Hypothalamus".

Hormones controlled by the hypothalamus

  • Oxytocin [r]: A mammalian hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior pituitary gland, and which is also released into the brain where it has effects on social behaviors. [e]
  • Vasopressin [r]: A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction. [e]
  • Somatostatin [r]: Neuropeptide whose best known function is as a hypothalamic factor that inhibits the secretion of growth hormone. [e]
  • Prolactin [r]: Hormone secreted from lactotroph cells of the anterior pituitary gland with an essential role in lactation. [e]
  • Growth hormone [r]: A peptide hormone that is made in and secreted from the somatotroph cells of the anterior pituitary gland, and which is essential for regulating post-natal growth in all mammals. [e]
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone [r]: Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, which stimulates production of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland. [e]
  • Luteinising hormone [r]: Pituitary hormone with an essential role in reproduction in both males and females. [e]
  • Follicle stimulating hormone [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Adrenocorticotrophic hormone [r]: Hormone secreted from the anterior pituitary that regulates glucocorticoid secretion from the adrenal gland. [e]

Subnuclei

  • Suprachiasmatic nucleus [r]: An agregation of neurons in the hypothalamus, located above the optic chiasm, that regulates circadian rhythms. [e]
  • Supraoptic nucleus [r]: An aggregation in the hypothalamus of magnocellular neurosecretory neurones that project to the posterior pituitary gland, and which secrete the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin [e]
  • Paraventricular nucleus [r]: Aggregation of neurons in the hypothalamus with important roles in neurendocrine regulation. [e]
  • Arcuate nucleus [r]: An aggregation of neurons in the mediobasal hypothalamus with important roles in appetite regulation and in the control of growth hormone secretion and prolactin secretion. [e]
  • Periventricular nucleus [r]: Aggregation of neurones aligned parallel to the lateral walls of the third ventricle, including the neuroendocrine somatostatin neurones. [e]
  • Lateral hypothalamus [r]: Large amorphous area that includes orexin neurones and has a role in appetite regulation. [e]
  • Preoptic area [r]: Region of the rostral hypothalamus with roles in many aspects of reproduction and in thermoregulation. [e]
  • Ventromedial nucleus [r]: Large aggregation of mainly glutamatergic neurones dorsal to the arcuate nucleus; known as important for appetite regulation and regulation of sexual behaviour. [e]
  • Dorsomedial nucleus [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Mamillary nucleus [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Subfornical organ [r]: One of the circumventricular organs of the brain, lacking a blood-brain barrier, known as a site where blood-borne factors are "sensed". [e]
  • Nucleus medianus [r]: Hypothalamic region with important role in fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. [e]
  • Median eminence [r]: Specialised region at the base of the brain containing the hypothalamo-hypophysial portal vessels and neuroendocrine nerve endings that release their products into them. [e]
  • Posterior pituitary [r]: Gland that contains nerve endings of hypothalamic neuroendocrine neurons that secrete the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin [e]
  • Anterior pituitary [r]: Endocrine gland that secretes hormones to regulate stress, growth, metabolism and reproduction. [e]
  • Magnocellular neurosecretory cell [r]: Large neuroendocrine neuron in the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus that projects to the posterior pituitary gland. [e]

Functions