Enzyme/Related Articles

From Citizendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is basically copied from an external source and has not been approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Enzyme.
See also changes related to Enzyme, or pages that link to Enzyme or to this page or whose text contains "Enzyme".

Parent topics

  • Biology [r]: The science of life — of complex, self-organizing, information-processing systems living in the past, present or future. [e]
  • Chemistry [r]: The science of matter, or of the electrical or electrostatical interactions of matter. [e]
  • Physics [r]: The study of forces and energies in space and time. [e]
  • Biochemistry [r]: The chemistry of living things; a field of both biology and chemistry. [e]
  • Biophysics [r]: The study of forces and energies in biological systems. [e]
  • Metabolism [r]: The modification of chemical substances by living organisms. [e]
  • Molecule [r]: An aggregate of two or more atoms in a definite arrangement held together by chemical bonds. [e]
  • Protein [r]: A polymer of amino acids; basic building block of living systems. [e]
  • Catalysis [r]: A process that uses a substance (known as a catalyst) to accelerate the rate of a chemical reaction through an uninterrupted and repeated cycle of elementary steps until the last step regenerates the catalyst in its original form. [e]


Other related topics

  • Allozymes [r]: Enzymes that are coded for by different alleles at the same locus. [e]
  • Biosynthesis [r]: The production of chemical metabolites by living systems. [e]
  • Cell (biology) [r]: The basic unit of life, consisting of biochemical networks enclosed by a membrane. [e]
  • Cheese [r]: Dairy product made from milk curd and widely eaten in the Western Hemisphere and Europe. [e]
  • Chemical engineering [r]: The field of engineering that deals with industrial and natural processes involving the chemical, physical or biological transformation of matter or energy into forms useful for mankind, economically and safely without compromising the environment [e]
  • Chemical equilibrium [r]: The stage of a chemical reaction in which the forward and backward reactions level out. [e]
  • Chemical reaction [r]: A process that transforms one set of chemical substances into another, with the set of substances present at the start of the process being called reactants and the set of substances present at the end being called products. [e]
  • Citric acid cycle [r]: A series of enzyme-catalysed chemical reactions of central importance in all living cells that use oxygen as part of cellular respiration. [e]
  • Evolution of cells [r]: The birth of cells marked the passage from pre-biotic chemistry to partitioned units resembling modern cells. [e]
  • Fermentation (food) [r]: The conversion of nutrients to desired products, such as ethanol, acetic acid or acetone, using yeast, bacteria, or a combination thereof [e]
  • Genetic engineering [r]: The process of manipulating genes, usually outside the organism's normal reproductive process. [e]
  • Gene [r]: The functional unit of heredity. [e]
  • Immunoenzyme technique [r]: Immunologic techniques based on the use of either enzyme-antibody conjugates, enzyme-antigen conjugates, antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme, or enzyme-antienzyme complexes. [e]
  • Macromolecular chemistry [r]: The study of the physical, biological and chemical structure, properties, composition, and reaction mechanisms of macromolecules. [e]
  • Maximum life span [r]: Measure of the maximum amount of time one or more members of a group has been observed to survive between birth and death. [e]
  • Metabolic control theory [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Micro RNA [r]: Single-stranded RNA molecules of 21-23 nucleotides in length, which regulate gene expression. [e]
  • Mobile DNA [r]: Blocks of DNA that are able to move and insert into new locations throughout the genome without needing DNA sequence similarity or requiring the process of homologous recombination to enable movement. [e]
  • Neurotransmitter [r]: A class of chemicals which relay, amplify or modulate electrical signals between a neuron and other cells in the nervous system. [e]
  • Organic chemistry [r]: The scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation (by synthesis or by other means) of chemical compounds of carbon and hydrogen, which may contain any number of other elements. [e]
  • Organism [r]: An individual living individual: a complex, adaptive physical system that acts a integrated unit that sustains metabolism and reproduces progeny that resemble it. [e]
  • PH [r]: A scale that measures the acidity or alkalinity of a solution, ranging from 0 (strongly acidic) to 14 (strongly alkaline). [e]
  • Prokaryote phylogeny and evolution [r]: History of the origins of prokaryotes and the evolutionary processes that have affected bacteria. [e]
  • Proteus vulgaris [r]: Rod-shaped, Gram negative bacterium that inhabits the intestinal tracts of humans and animals, and known to cause urinary tract infections and wound infections. [e]
  • Ribosome [r]: A supramolecular structure in cells made from proteins and RNA; it is the machine that translates the genetic code and synthesizes amino acids into the correct protein sequence. [e]
  • Ribozyme [r]: A ribonucleic acid with catalytic activity. [e]
  • RNA world hypothesis [r]: Proposes that a world filled with life based on ribonucleic acid (RNA) predated current life based on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). [e]
  • Reaction rate [r]: The amount of reactant or product that is formed or removed (in moles or mass units) per unit time per unit volume, in a particular reaction. [e]
  • Restriction enzyme [r]: Enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA at specific DNA base sequences, typically 4-6 base pairs in length. [e]
  • Southern blot [r]: A technique to detect the presence of a specific fragment of DNA, often from a whole genome or complex mixture of DNA, using a sequence specific probe. It is named after Edward M. Southern who developed the technique at Edinburgh University in the 1970. [e]
  • Steady state [r]: A situation with constant system properties despite non-vanishing energy flow. [e]