# Theoretical biology/Related Articles

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium

*See also changes related to Theoretical biology, or pages that link to Theoretical biology or to this page or whose text contains "Theoretical biology".*

## Parent topics

- Biology [r]: The science of life — of complex, self-organizing, information-processing systems living in the past, present or future.
^{[e]} - Life [r]: Living systems, of which biologists seek the commonalities distinguishing them from nonliving systems.
^{[e]} - Theory [r]: An abstract description of causal relationships.
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## Subtopics

- Mathematical biology [r]: The study of biological systems by mathematical means.
^{[e]} - Evolutionary biology [r]: The study of the origin and descent of species, as well as their change, multiplication, and diversity over time.
^{[e]} - Biological mathematics [r]: The subdiscipline of biology that explores and exploits the use of biological systems to perform mathematical/computational operations and achieve solutions to mathematical/computational problems — in particular, DNA computing.
^{[e]} - Systems biology [r]: The study of biological systems as a whole.
^{[e]} - Emergence (biology) [r]: The exhibition of novel collective phenomena in living systems stemming from a complex organization of their many constituent parts.
^{[e]} - Evolutionary fitness [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Natural selection [r]: The differential survival and/or reproduction of classes of entities that differ in one or more characteristics
^{[e]} - Sexual selection [r]: A type of natural selection due to within-sex competition for successful mating.
^{[e]} - Kin selection [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Inclusive fitness [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Selfish gene [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Computational biology [r]: The study of biological systems by computational means
^{[e]} - Computational morphometry [r]: The study of shapes by computational means.
^{[e]} - Brain morphometry [r]: The quantitative study of structures in the brain, their differences between individuals, correlations with brain function, and changes of these characteristics over time.
^{[e]} - Endothermy [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Exothermy [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Coevolution [r]: Multi-generation interactions between different species, e.g. as prey and preditor, flower and insect.
^{[e]} - Symbiosis [r]: The interdependence of organisms belonging to different species.
^{[e]} - Philosophy of biology [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - The species question [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Niche construction [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Origin of life [r]: How did self-replicating biochemistry and cells arise from the prebiotic world approximately four billion years ago? Aka abiogenesis.
^{[e]} - Exobiology [r]: The theoretical and experimental study of living systems outside our planet.
^{[e]} - Autopoiesis [r]: The concept of a living system as autonomously self-organizing within its physical boundary, generating and continually regenerating its own components, thereby maintaining the molecular and supramolecular hierarchy of interacting networks that self-organize and self-perpetuate the system.
^{[e]} - Self-organization [r]: The ability of matter to structure itself; a precondition for life.
^{[e]} - Information processing in biological systems [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Allostasis and allostatic load [r]: The physiological adaptation process to perturbing stressors, which acting long-term may cause chronic illness.
^{[e]} - Hormesis [r]: A quantitative and qualitative dose-response relationship in which the effect at low concentrations occurs in the opposite direction from that expected from the effect observed at higher concentrations.
^{[e]} - The thermodynamics of life [r]:
*Add brief definition or description*

- Allometry [r]: The study of scaling effects in biology.
^{[e]} - Analogy [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Astrobiology [r]: The study of life in the universe.
^{[e]} - Beauty [r]: Beauty is truth, truth beauty; that is all ye know on Earth, and all ye need to know.
^{[e]} - Biogeosciences [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Biogeochemistry [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Biochemistry [r]: The chemistry of living things; a field of both biology and chemistry.
^{[e]} - Biophysics [r]: The study of forces and energies in biological systems.
^{[e]} - Biosphere [r]: The entirety of places on Earth inhabited by living organisms.
^{[e]} - Brain evolution [r]: The process by which the central nervous system changed over many generations.
^{[e]} - Convergent evolution [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Deep homology [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Developmental biology [r]: The study of how cells grow and interact to form an organism.
^{[e]} - DNA [r]: A macromolecule — chemically, a nucleic acid — that stores genetic information.
^{[e]} - Dynamic stabilization [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Ecology [r]: The study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and how they are affected by the environment.
^{[e]} - Ecosystem [r]: A space in which multiple biological species interact.
^{[e]} - Eusociality [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Evolution [r]: A change over time in the proportions of individual organisms differing genetically.
^{[e]} - Evolutionary biology [r]: The study of the origin and descent of species, as well as their change, multiplication, and diversity over time.
^{[e]} - Exciton [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Experimental biology [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Fibonacci number [r]: Element of the sequence in which the first number is 0, the second number is 1, and each subsequent number is equal to the sum of the previous two numbers.
^{[e]} - Game theory [r]: A field of mathematics commonly associated with economics that provides models for behavior in many diverse situations, and is used in many academic fields from politics to computer science.
^{[e]} - Golden ratio [r]: An irrational mathematical constant — equal to (1+√5)/2, or approximately 1.618 — that is widely used in art, architecture, and design, for its aesthetic harmonious proportions.
^{[e]} - Homology [r]: A concept used in a variety of ways to denote common evolutionary descent of biological characteristics.
^{[e]} - Life [r]: Living systems, of which biologists seek the commonalities distinguishing them from nonliving systems.
^{[e]} - Major transitions in evolution [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Metabolism [r]: The modification of chemical substances by living organisms.
^{[e]} - Molecular clock [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Molecular modeling [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Molecular motor [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Monte-Carlo simulation [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Morphology (biology) [r]: The study of biological structure.
^{[e]} - Nerve signaling [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Neural network [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Neuroimaging [r]: A group of techniques used to visualize structure and function of nervous systems, especially the vertebrate brain.
^{[e]} - Origin of life [r]: How did self-replicating biochemistry and cells arise from the prebiotic world approximately four billion years ago? Aka abiogenesis.
^{[e]} - Origin of language [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Origin of music [r]: The evolutionary background of the human capacity for music.
^{[e]} - Photosynthesis [r]: The process by which an organism captures and stores energy from sunlight, energy it uses to power its cellular activities.
^{[e]} - Physics [r]: The study of forces and energies in space and time.
^{[e]} - Physical chemistry [r]: The application of physics to macroscopic, microscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems within the field of chemistry traditionally using the principles, practices and concepts of thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics and kinetics.
^{[e]} - Physiology [r]: The study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of tissues and how they interact.
^{[e]} - Population ecology [r]: Sub-field of ecology concerning dynamics of species populations and their interactions with the environment.
^{[e]} - Power law [r]: A mathematical relationship between two quantities where one is proportional to a power of the other: that is, of the form where and are constants, with being referred to as the exponent.
^{[e]} - RNA world hypothesis [r]: Proposes that a world filled with life based on ribonucleic acid (RNA) predated current life based on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
^{[e]} - Signaling pathway [r]:
*Add brief definition or description* - Steady state [r]: A situation with constant system properties despite non-vanishing energy flow.
^{[e]} - Shape description [r]: Mathematical subfield concerned with the quantification of arbitrary shapes.
^{[e]} - Snowball Earth [r]: A hypothesis that proposes Earth was entirely covered by ice during parts of the Cryogenian period, from 790 to 630 million years ago.
^{[e]} - Synapse [r]: Contact point between neurons and other cells, crucial for nerve signalling
^{[e]} - Tensegrity [r]: The structural integrity achieved by balanced pulling and pushing forces in biological structures or architecture; the word is a linguistic blend of tension and integrity.
^{[e]} - Theoretical chemistry [r]: The description of atoms, molecules and reactions in mathematical form.
^{[e]} - Theoretical physics [r]: The description of natural phenomena in mathematical form.
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