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Biochemistry

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Biochemistry is the study of the chemicals and chemical processes in living organisms. It deals with the structure and function of cellular components, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and other biological compounds.[1][2]

Contents

Macromolecules

For more information, see: Macromolecules.

Nucleic acid

Protein

For more information, see: Protein.

Carbohydrate

Lipid

For more information, see: Lipid.


Metabolism

For more information, see: Metabolism.

Energy

Glycolysis

For more information, see: Glycolysis.

Krebs cycle

For more information, see: Citric acid cycle.

Proteins

Urea cycle

For more information, see: Urea cycle.


Signal transduction

For more information, see: Signal transduction.

Signal transduction is the "intercellular or intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway".[3][4]

Intercellular primary messenger

Examples of primary messengers include hormones and neurotransmitters.

Hormone

For more information, see: Hormone.

Neurotransmitter

For more information, see: Neurotransmitter.

Cell surface receptor

For more information, see: Cell surface receptor.

Ion channel

For more information, see: Ion channel.

Second messenger system

For more information, see: Second messenger system.

Examples of second messenger systems include the adenyl cyclase-cyclic AMP system, the phosphatidylinositol diphosphate-inositol triphosphate system, and the cyclic GMP system

Nobel laureates contributing to Biochemistry

references

  1. Stryer, Lubert; Berg, Jeremy Mark; Tymoczko, John L. (2002). Biochemistry. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-3051-0. 
  2. Robert K. Murray, Daryl K. Granner, Victor W. Rodwell (2006). Harper’s illustrated biochemistry, 27th. New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill. LCC QP514 .R4.  LCCN 2003-029
  3. Anonymous (2014), Signal transduction (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. Stryer, Lubert; Berg, Jeremy Mark; Tymoczko, John L. (2002). “15. Signal-Transduction Pathways: An Introduction to Information Metabolism”, Biochemistry. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-3051-0. 
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