From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Abraham Lincoln : (1809-65) Born in Illinois, President of the United States during the American Civil War.
- African American literature : The body of literature produced in the USA by writers of African descent.
- Africa : Continent stretching over the equator, hosting deserts, tropical jungles and savannah as well as over fifty nations; population about 900,000,000.
- American Civil War : Major war 1861-65 fought over slavery in which the U.S. defeated the secessionist Confederate States of America.
- Angola : A country in southern Africa, and Africa's largest Portuguese-speaking state.
- Back door man : A phrase common in blues lyrics to denote a secret lover, who sneaks out the back door when the husband comes home.
- Benjamin Franklin : 1706-1790, American statesman and scientist, based in Philadelphia.
- Blade Runner : 1982 science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott and starring Harrison Ford, based on the 1968 Philip K. Dick novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
- Butler : Manages all affairs of a household and servicing of principals and guests, providing the service themselves and/or hiring and supervising outside contractors, vendors, housekeeping staff, chef, chauffeur, valet, or personal assistant or secretary.
- Caribbean : A region in the Americas consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands, and the surrounding coasts.
- Charles Darwin : (1809 – 1882) English natural scientist, most famous for proposing the theory of natural selection.
- Citizen : A legally recognized member of a political or civil community.
- Creole (language) : Native language, such as Haitian Creole, which under most definitions originated as a pidgin (a rudimentary language without native speakers, created by at least two groups of speakers as a contact language. i.e. to allow immediate communication) but became as complex as any other language through being acquired by children as a first language.
- Creole (people) : People of mixed ancestry, generally colonial and indigenous. Depending on context, the term can be merely descriptive or highly pejorative.
- Edinburgh : The capital of Scotland.
- Evangelicalism : A historically recent collection of religious beliefs, practices, and traditions typified by an emphasis on evangelism, and by what adherents call a "personal experience" of conversion.
- Extrajudicial detention : The policy and practice of holding prisoners captive without judicial authority to do so, or without a recognized authority under international law, such capture of prisoners of war
- Filartiga v. Pena-Irala : A 1984 decision by a U.S. appellate court, which supported universal jurisdiction over torture, and command responsibility for the superiors of torturers
- Forti v. Suarez Mason : A 1987 U.S. case that determined that the principle of hostis humani generis applied to torturers, and thus placed them under universal jurisdiction, such that they could be appreheded by any country even though the torture had taken place in that country, and the parties were not citizens of that country
- Franklin Pierce : (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869) The 14th President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857.
- Free Soil Party : Short-lived U.S. political party opposing expansion of slavery; it ran presidential candidates in 1848 and 1852.
- Gadsden Purchase : The 1853 U.S. purchase of a 29.1 million acre strip of borderland from Mexico that became part of Arizona and New Mexico.
- German Americans : The largest ethnic group in the United States, with over 45 million people, comprising over a fourth of the white population.
- Henry David Thoreau : (1817-62) New England transcendentalist philosopher, naturalist, and writer; one of key inspirations for the modern conservation movement.
- Honor Harrington : The central character in an extensive science fiction series created by David Weber, with considerable personality resemblances, although far higher technology, to Horatio Hornblower
- Hostis humani generis : A legal principle that certain acts, such as piracy, slavery and genocide, puts one outside the norms of civilization and makes one an "enemy of all mankind", subject to early forms of universal jurisdiction or summary action
- International law enforcement : The practice of cooperation, among nations, to deal with individuals or non-state criminal groups, through police and judicial agencies such as Interpol
- International law : The formal conduct of interactions between nation-states, both at the national level and on behalf of their citizens; generally accepted as first formalized by Hugo Grotius.
- James Buchanan : Only U.S. President (15th), 1857-1861, that never married. Democratic Senator and Secretary of State under President James K. Polk.
- James Pierson Beckwourth : Add brief definition or description
- Jazz : American-originated musical style, pioneered by black artists, and emphasizing improvisation.
- John Brown : (1800-59) American abolitionist who led a raid on the U.S. federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry and was hanged for his efforts, becoming a martyr in the antislavery fight as a result.
- John Dickinson : (November 8, 1732 – February 14, 1808) American lawyer and politician who was a militia officer during the American Revolution, a representative to the Continental Congress, and a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention of 1787.
- Juneteenth : A holiday celebrating the emancipation of enslaved African-Americans, observed mainly in Texas.
- Latin America : The region of the Americas that shares a common tradition and historical heritage of European colonization, mostly Iberian.
- Law : Body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed, recognized, and enforced by a controlling authority.
- Pidgin : Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Pidgin (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
- Pierce Butler (Founding Father) : (1744-1822) American military leader and politician; one of the Founding Fathers of the U.S.A.
- Piracy : Violence against, or detention of, by private individuals, against aircraft or ships under national registry
- Political philosophy : Branch of philosophy that deals with fundamental questions about politics.
- Second Party System : Term used by historians and political scientists referring to the United States' political system from about 1828 to 1854.
- Shang Dynasty : The second historic Chinese dynasty (ca. 1600 BCE - ca. 1046 BCE), that ruled in "China proper", in the Yellow River valley.
- Social Darwinism : Efforts to draw political conclusions from the theory of evolution by natural selection.
- Social History, U.S. : Add brief definition or description
- U.S. Economic history : The economic history of the United States.
- U.S. Republican Party, history : Add brief definition or description
- United Nations : An international organization that was founded in 1945 with the mission of preventing international war, protecting human rights, supporting social progress and justice, and helping with economic progress.
- Universal jurisdiction : A concept in international law that allows a nation to prosecute an individual charged with offenses against humanity, with no requirement that the defendant or victim be a national of the Requesting State or indeed, that there are any links to the Requesting State and the defendant
- Vasco da Gama : Portuguese explorer who established a sea route from Europe to India.
- Whig Party : Party of the Second Party System, 1830 to mid-1850s, formed by Henry Clay to battle President Andrew Jackson's policies.