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Creole (language)/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes and topics related to Creole (language), or pages that link to Creole (language) or to this page or whose text .
- Linguistics : The scientific study of language.
- Sociolinguistics : Branch of linguistics concerned with language in social contexts - how people use language, how it varies, how it contributes to users' sense of identity, etc.
- Multilingualism : The state of knowing two or more languages, either in individuals or whole speech communities.
- Creolistics : The study of creole and pidgin languages.
- Language acquisition : The study of how language comes to users of first and second languages.
- Contact language : any language which is created through contact between two or more existing languages; may occur when people who share no native language need to communicate, or when a language of one group becomes used for wider communication.
- Lingua franca : Any language used for widespread communication between groups who do not share a native language or where native speakers are typically in the minority; name from 'Lingua Franca', a pidgin once used around the Mediterranean.
- Pidgin (language) : A language with no native speakers and relatively few uses, created spontaneously by two or more groups with no common language, using vocabulary and grammar from multiple sources; often a pidgin's grammar is rudimentary, and it has a restricted set of words, but in time they can develop into more complex 'expanded' pidgins with many more functions.
- Diglossia : Linguistic situation in which two (often very closely related) languages are used within one speech community, for different purposes.
Some examples of creoles worldwide
- Sranan language : Add brief definition or description
- Haitian Creole language : Add brief definition or description
- Gullah language : Add brief definition or description
- Jamaican Creole : Several varieties of a full language spoken in Jamaica that developed from a pidgin and remained in some contact with English, created as a conseqence of enslaved speakers of many African languages requiring a means to communicate; also known as Patois.
Varieties controversially identified as creoles
Varieties incorrectly identified as creoles
- Afrikaans language : West-Germanic language descended from and still closely related to Dutch spoken by many people in South Africa and Namibia
- Singapore English : Varieties of English spoken in Singapore, including Singapore Standard English (SSE) and Singapore Colloquial English (SCE, or 'Singlish').
- English language : A West Germanic language widely spoken in the United Kingdom, its territories and dependencies, Commonwealth countries and former colonial outposts of the British Empire; has developed the status of a global language.