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Edinburgh/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Edinburgh.
See also changes related to Edinburgh, or pages that link to Edinburgh or to this page or whose text contains "Edinburgh".

Subtopics - Places

  • Developing Article Arthur's Seat: The plug of a long extinct volcano that forms the largest hill in Edinburgh. [e]
  • Stub Royal Palace of Holyroodhouse: An official residence of the monarch, located in Edinburgh, Scotland. [e]
  • Developing Article John Knox House: 15th century town house in Edinburgh, it displays exhibits about John Knox. [e]
  • Developing Article Greyfriars Bobby: Nineteenth-century Syke Terrier in Edinburgh, Scotland who became famous for keeping vigil by his master's grave every day (barring extreme weather) for fourteen years. [e]
  • Developing Article Greyfriars Kirk: Now 'Greyfriars Tolbooth & Highland Kirk', is a parish kirk (church) of the Church of Scotland and one of the oldest surviving buildings in Edinburgh outside the Old Town, built between 1602 and c.1620. [e]
  • Developing Article Scottish Parliament: Legislative body of Scotland, having authority over many aspects of Scottish political life including Health and Education; re-created by the Act of Devolution 1997. [e]
  • The Forth Bridge: Cantilever railway bridge, built in 1883-1890, that connects Edinburgh to Fife [e]
  • Developing Article Royal Mile: The streets in Edinburgh's Old Town that run from Holyrood Palace to Edinburgh Castle. [e]
  • Developing Article University of Edinburgh: Founded in 1582, one of the leading academic institutions in the UK. [e]
  • Developing Article Auld Reekie: Old nickname for Edinburgh, Scotland, meaning old smokey. [e]

Subtopics - Societies

Subtopics - People

  • Developing Article Thomas Aikenhead: The last person to be executed for blasphemy in the UK. [e]
  • James Graham: (1745-1794) sexual therapist, and seller of quack remedies. [e] [1]
  • Stub John Knox: Scottish clergyman (1514-1572), leader of the Scottish Reformation and founder of Scottish Presbyterianism. [e]
  • Developing Article William Brodie: (1741 - 1788) Respectable Edinburgh citizen who led a gang of burglars and died on a gallows that he himself had designed. [e]
  • Developing Article William Burke: (1792 - 1829) Prisoner hanged in Edinburgh's Lawnmarket in 1829 for his role in the West Port Murders. [e]
  • Mary, Queen of Scots: (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1857) Mary Stuart (or Stewart), Queen of Scotland (1542–67) and queen consort of France (1559–60); forced to flee to England after a rebellion among Scottish nobles, she was finally beheaded as a Roman Catholic threat to the English throne. [e]
  • Developing Article Helen Duncan: (1897 – 1956), a Scottish medium who became the last person to be imprisoned in the United Kingdom under the Witchcraft Act of 1735. [e]
  • Developing Article Thomas Muir: (1765 – 1799) Scottish political reformer, and the most notable victim of political repression in the years after the French Revolution. [e]
  • Earl Haig: (Sir Douglas Haig, 1861–1928); during World War I, commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders from December 1915 until the Armistice. [e]
  • Developing Article Thomas Ruddiman: (1674 - 1757) Scottish classical scholar and grammarian; author of Rudiments of the Latin Tongue. [e]
  • Marie Stopes: (1880-1958), campaigner for women's rights and pioneer of birth control. [e]

Poets

  • Developed Article Thomas Blacklock: (1721 - 1791) The"blind poet", an early supporter of Robert Burns. [e]
  • Developed Article Robert Burns: The National poet of Scotland (1759-96); writer of Auld Lang Syne. [e]
  • Developing Article Robert Fergusson: (1750 - 1774) Scottish poet whose verse inspired Robert Burns. [e]
  • Developing Article William McGonagall: (1825-1902) Scotland's (and possibly the world's) worst poet. [e]
  • Stub Allan Ramsay (1686–1758): Poet who wrote mainly in the Scots vernacular, and is best known for his pastoral verse-play "The Gentle Shepherd". [e]
  • Duncan Ban MacIntyre: (1724 – 1812) One of the most famous Scottish Gaelic poets, best known for his poem "Moladh Beinn Dòbhrainn" (Praise for Ben Doran). [e]

Writers

  • James Boswell: (1740 - 1795) Scottish author, best known as Samuel Johnson’s biographer, and for the detailed and frank diaries that he kept for much of his life. [e]
  • Robert Chambers: (1802 – 1871) Scottish journal editor and publisher who was the anonymous author of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. [e]
  • Arthur Conan-Doyle: (1859-1930) Author, creator of Sherlock Holmes. [e][2]
  • Stub Daniel Defoe: (ca. 1659-1661 – 1731) Novelist and journalist, best known as the author of Robinson Crusoe. [e]
  • Developing Article John Home: (1722–1808) Scottish poet and dramatist. [e]
  • Alexander McCall-Smith: Add brief definition or description
  • Developing Article Henry MacKenzie: (1745 - 1831), Scottish writer, nicknamed 'The Man of Feeling' after the title of his best known novel. [e]
  • Ian Rankin: (1960 - ) Crime writer, creator of Inspector Rebus [e]
  • JK Rowling: Author, creator of Harry Potter. [e]
  • Sir Walter Scott: (1771 – 1832) Scottish historical novelist popular throughout Europe in his lifetime; his novels include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, 'and The Heart of Midlothian. [e]
  • Muriel Spark: (1918-2006); her best-known novel The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie is set in an Edinburgh girls' school - the central character is a progressive feminist who admires Mussolini, Franco and Hitler. [e]
  • Developing Article Robert Louis Stevenson: British 19th-century writer whose works included Kidnapped, Treasure Island and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. [e]
  • Developing Article James Tytler: (1745-1804) notably feckless and debt ridden Scottish writer, who was the first Briton to travel in a hot-air balloon, [e]

Artists and Musicians

  • Robert Adam: (1728-1792) Neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. [e]
  • John Burnet: (1784-1868) Scottish painter and engraver; illustrated the poems of Robert Burns and the novels of Sir Walter Scott. [e]
  • James Craig: (1739-1795) Architect remembered for his design for the layout of Edinburgh's New Town. [e]
  • Developing Article Alexander Campbell Mackenzie: (22 August 1847 – 28 April 1935) Scottish composer best known for his oratorios, violin and piano pieces and works for the stage. [e]
  • Developing Article William Henry Playfair: One of the greatest Scottish architects of the 19th century. [e]
  • Developing Article Allan Ramsay: (1713–1784) Scottish portrait-painter of the "Rococo Era". [e]
  • Henry Raeburn: (1756 – 1823) Scottish portrait painter. [e]
  • David Wilkie: (1785 – 1841) Scottish painter. [e]

Academics and Scientists

  • Developing Article Joseph Black: (1728 – 1799) Scottish physicist and chemist, known for his discoveries of latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide [e]
  • Hugh Blair: (1718 – 1800) Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres at the University of Edinburgh, and Presbyterian preacher whose sermons and writings made a major contribution to the Scottish Enlightenment. [e]
  • Developed Article James Burnet, Lord Monboddo: (1714 - 1799) Scottish judge and anthropologist, a leading figure in the Scottish Enlightenment of the 18th century, best remembered as a founder of comparative historical linguistics. [e]
  • Stub James Croll: (1821 - 1890) Scottish physical scientist who was the leading proponent of an astronomical theory of climate change in the 19th century. [e]
  • Developing Article William Cullen: (1710-1790) The leading British physician of the 18th century. [e]
  • Developing Article Charles Darwin: (1809 – 1882) English natural scientist, most famous for proposing the theory of natural selection. [e] Darwin began training as a physician in Edinburgh in 1825 at the age of 16; his father, Robert, and grandfather Erasmus had both been trained there, but Charles found the lectures "intolerably dull," and he left after two years.
  • Stub Erasmus Darwin: (1731-1802) Physician, poet, philosopher, botanist, and naturalist; grandfather of Charles Darwin. [e]
  • Peter Higgs: (1929 - ) Particle-physics theorist whose work predicts the existence of the 'Higgs boson.' [e]
  • Stub Henry Home, Lord Kames: (1696 – 1782) Scottish philosoper and adcocate, and a leading member of the Scottish Enlightenment; notably, he argued that the politics of Scotland were not based on loyalty to Kings or Queens but on property ownership. [e]
  • Developing Article David Hume: (1711—1776) Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. [e]
  • Developing Article Adam Ferguson: (1723-1816) philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment, sometimes called the "father of sociology." [e]
  • Stub John Forbes: (1787-1861), physician and medical journalist [e]
  • Archibald Geikie: (1835-1924) Scottish geologist famous for his attempts to elucidate in detail the history of the topography of a country. [e]
  • James Geikie: (1839–1915) Scottish geologist, best known for The Great Ice Age and its Relation to the Antiquity of Man. [e]
  • Developing Article James Hutton: (1726–1797) Scottish farmer and naturalist, who is known as the founder of modern geology. [e]
  • Developing Article James Lind: (1716–1794) Scottish physician and pioneer of naval hygiene, whose recommendation that fresh citrus fruit and lemon juice be added to the diet of sailors saw scurvy eliminated from the British Navy. [e]
  • Joseph Lister: (1827 – 1912) Surgeon who promoted the idea of sterile surgery. [e]
  • Developing Article Colin MacLaurin: (1698–1746) Scottish mathematician who published the first systematic exposition of Newton's calculus. [e]
  • Approved Article James Clerk Maxwell: (1831 – 1879) Scottish physicist best known for his formulation of electromagnetic theory and the statistical theory of gases. [e]
  • Developing Article Alexander Monro primus: (1697 – 1767) Anatomist; the founder of Edinburgh Medical School. [e]
  • Developing Article Alexander Monro secundus: (1733 - 1817) Professor of Anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, known as the discoverer of the lymphatic system. [e]
  • Stub John Playfair: (1748-1819) Scottish mathematician, best known for his explanation and promotion of the work of James Hutton [e]
  • Developing Article William Robertson: (1721-1793) Historian, most notable for his 'History of Scotland' [e]
  • Daniel Rutherford: (1749 - 1815) Scottish chemist, best known for the discovery of nitrogen. [e]
  • Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer: (1850 – 1935) Physiologist who coined the words "insulin" and "endocrine" and who demonstrated the existence of adrenaline. [e]
  • James Young Simpson: (1811 – 1870) Scottish doctor who discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and introduced it for general medical use. [e]
  • Stub Adam Smith: Scottish moral philosopher and political economist (1723-1790), a major contributor to the modern perception of free market economics; author of Wealth of Nations (1776). [e]
  • Developing Article Dugald Stewart: (1753 - 1828) Scottish philosopher of the "common-sense" school who played a major role in making the "Scottish philosophy" predominant in 19th century Europe; known for his theory of taste. [e]

Politicians

  • Developed Article Tony Blair: Former Labour Party politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1997-2007). [e]
  • Developing Article Gordon Brown: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from June 2007 to May 2010; previously Chancellor of the Exchequer from May 1997. [e]
  • Stub James Connolly: (June 5, 1868 – May 12, 1916) A leader of the Easter Rising in 1916 in Ireland. [e] Connolly was born in the Cowgate - then a slum area of Edinburgh's Old Town, nicknamed "Little Ireland."
  • Developing Article Sir John Sinclair, 1st Baronet: (1754-1835) Scottish politician, writer on finance and agriculture and the first person to use the word 'statistics.' [e] (In The Statistical Accounts of Scotland)

Parent topics

Town and cities

  • Stub Glasgow: The largest city in Scotland, located on the River Clyde and a great shipbuilding centre during the Industrial Revolution; population about 581,000. [e]
  • Inverness: A educational and tourist center (est 1991 pop 63,000) located at the north end of the Great Glen on the River Ness in northwest Scotland; for a long time, the center of the Scots Highland region. [e]
  • Dundee: A seaport (est. 1995 pop. 168,000) situated on the Firth of Tay, an inlet of the North Sea, in Scotland. [e]
  • Aberdeen: A city (2011 pop. 222,793) and commercial port located on the North Sea in north-east Scotland. [e]

Other related topics

  • Developing Article Scottish Enlightenment: A period in 18th century Scotland characterized by a great outpouring of intellectual and scientific accomplishments. [e]

Language

  • Scots language: A West Germanic variety spoken in southern Scotland and parts of Northern Ireland, which has been identified as either a separate language from English or (over-simplistically) a dialect of English, according to various cultural and linguistic perspectives; shares much with English due to a shared linguistic history, but has developed separately for many centuries. [e]
  • Scottish Gaelic language: A Goidelic Celtic language spoken in Scotland and Canada. [e]
  • Scottish English: All varieties of English spoken in Scotland; may not include Scots where this is identified as a language in its own right. [e]
  • Developing Article English language: A West Germanic language widely spoken in the United Kingdom, its territories and dependencies, Commonwealth countries and former colonial outposts of the British Empire; has developed the status of a global language. [e]