Africa/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Africa.
See also changes related to Africa, or pages that link to Africa or to this page or whose text contains "Africa".

  • History of Africa [r]: The history of the continent of Africa, ranging from Ancient Egypt to the Arab Spring. [e]

Countries of Africa

  • Algeria [r]: North African republic that constitutionally recognises Islam plus Arab and Berber ethnic groups; second-largest African nation, population about 34,000,000. [e]
  • Angola [r]: A country in southern Africa, and Africa's largest Portuguese-speaking state. [e]
  • Benin [r]: An African republic, bordering Nigeria, Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger and the Gulf of Guinea, which gained independence from France in 1960. [e]
  • Botswana [r]: Landlocked republic in southern Africa, formerly known as Bechuanaland. [e]
  • Burkina Faso [r]: Landlocked West African nation with significant gold reserves and an economy based primarily on cotton; formerly a French colony (population about 18 million). [e]
  • Burundi [r]: A country of Central Africa, having borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Tanzania, as well as coast on Lake Tanganikya. [e]
  • Cameroon [r]: (population 18 million) A country located in West/Central Africa which shares boundaries with Chad to the north, Nigeria to the west, Central African Republic to the east, Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the south. [e]
  • Cape Verde [r]: Island republic, spanning an archipelago of ten islands and five islets in the Atlantic Ocean, off Senegal. [e]
  • Central African Republic [r]: Landlocked African nation, with Bangui its capital; formerly a French colony which became independent in 1960 (population c.4,500,000). [e]
  • Chad [r]: A landlocked country in East Africa and the Sahel, forming the western border of the Darfur Conflict, and having newly discovered oil running by pipeline to Cameroon on the Atlantic coast of West Africa [e]
  • Republic of the Congo [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Côte d'Ivoire [r]: West African republic, centre of coffee and cocoa production, with Yamoussoukro its capital; achieved independence from France in 1960 (population about 21 million). [e]
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Djibouti [r]: Republic located along the north-east coast of Africa, adjacent to the Horn of Africa. [e]
  • Egypt [r]: A country in the northeastern corner of Africa, bordering Sudan, Libya, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea [e]
  • Equatorial Guinea [r]: Oil-rich country in central Africa comprising a mainland region and islands (pop. about 676,000). [e]
  • Eritrea [r]: Republic located along the north-east littoral of Africa, adjacent to the Horn of Africa and Red Sea. [e]
  • Ethiopia [r]: Among the oldest countries of the world, from which Muslim-majority Eritrea split after a civil war; Coptic Christian-majority state in East Africa [e]
  • Gabon [r]: Coastal nation of West Africa with Libreville its capital; former French colony with an oil-dominated economy (pop. about 1,500,000). [e]
  • Gambia [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Ghana [r]: A country in West Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Togo. [e]
  • Guinea [r]: Country in sub-Saharan Africa which gained independence from France in 1958. [e]
  • Guinea-Bissau [r]: Republic located along the west coast of Africa, bounded by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west. [e]
  • Kenya [r]: A country of 38 million in East Africa. [e]
  • Lesotho [r]: Landlocked mountainous kingdom and enclave, entirely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. [e]
  • Liberia [r]: Republic located on the west coast of Africa, bounded by Guinea in the north, Ivory Coast in the east and Sierra Leone in the north-west. [e]

  • Libya [r]: North African revolutionary republic led by Muammar Gaddafi, which normalised diplomatic ties with the West in 2003; fourth-largest African nation, population about 6,000,000. [e]
  • Madagascar [r]: Republic in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of south-east Africa, the fourth largest island in the world. [e]
  • Malawi [r]: Landlocked republic in Africa, located along the shores of Lake Malawi, and bounded north by Tanzania, south by Mozambique, and west by Zambia. [e]
  • Mali [r]: Landlocked republic in Africa, bounded north-west by Mauritania, north-east by Algeria, west by Senegal, east by Niger, and south by Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, and Guinea. [e]
  • Mauritania [r]: Republic located on the west coast of Africa, bounded north by Western Sahara, north-east by Algeria, east and south-east by Mali, and south by Senegal, with access to the Atlantic Ocean in the west [e]
  • Mauritius [r]: Island nation in the Indian Ocean, with a parliamentary democracy and a growing diverse economy [e]
  • Morocco [r]: An Arab monarchy of western North Africa, nonaligned but generally moderate, with a slow-growing economy [e]
  • Mozambique [r]: Republic in Africa, bounded north by Zambia, Malawi, and Tanzania, west by Zimbabwe, south-west by South Africa and Swaziland, with access to the Indian Ocean in the east. [e]
  • Namibia [r]: Southern African country independent from South Africa since 1990; capital Windhoek. [e]
  • Niger [r]: A country in Western Africa, with one of the worst qualities of life in the world. [e]
  • Nigeria [r]: Country on the coast of West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean in the south, Niger to the north, Benin to the west, and Cameroon to the east. [e]
  • Rwanda [r]: A small landlocked country in the Great Lakes region of central Africa. [e]
  • São Tomé and Principe [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Senegal [r]: Once a French colony, now an influential yet Highly Indebted Poor Country with diplomatic and military impact well beyond its borders [e]
  • Seychelles [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Sierra Leone [r]: Former British colony on the coast of West Africa, extremely rich in resources including blood diamonds, temperate climate, but failed state due to repeated civil wars and banditry; capital, Freetown, was a significant convoy port in WWII [e]
  • Somalia [r]: A country located in the Horn of Africa, bordering Djibouti to the northwest, Kenya on its southwest, the Gulf of Aden at its north, the Indian Ocean at its east, and Ethiopia to the west. [e]
  • South Africa [r]: The southernmost African nation; population about 50,000,000. [e]
  • Sudan [r]: A nation in East Africa/Horn of Africa, with the largest land area of any country in Africa, and near-continuous civil wars since British independence in 1956; effectively a federation of Arab and African parts, with the southern region voting for independence in 2011. [e]
  • Swaziland [r]: Landlocked mountainous kingdom bordered north, west, and south by the Republic of South Africa, and Mozambique to the east. [e]
  • Tanzania [r]: A large coastal East African nation bordered by Kenya, Uganda, Congo and the Indian Ocean. [e]
  • Togo [r]: Republic located on the west coast of Africa. The country is bounded by Burkina Faso in the north, Benin in the east and Ghana in the west, with access to the Atlantic Ocean. [e]
  • Tunisia [r]: Country in the North African Maghreb region that gained independence from France in 1956 and was the first to see governmental change in the 2011 Arab Spring. [e]
  • Uganda [r]: Landlocked republic in East Africa, located on the equator, bordering the northern and western shores of Lake Victoria. [e]
  • Zambia [r]: Landlocked republic in southern part of Africa. Formerly North Rhodesia until independence from U.K. in 1964. [e]
  • Zimbabwe [r]: A country located in Southern Africa bordering the countries of Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zambia. [e]

Other territories

Colonies

Regional cooperation

Issues

  • Public health [r]: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level [e]
    • HIV [r]: An infectious human retrovirus, transmitted by bodily fluids, that causes AIDS. [e]
    • Malaria [r]: A tropical infectious disease, caused by protozoa carried by mosquitoes, which is the world's worst insect vector-borne disease [e]
  • Piracy [r]: Violence against, or detention of, by private individuals, against aircraft or ships under national registry [e]
  • Terrorism [r]: An act, with targets including civilians or civilian infrastructure, intended to create an atmosphere of fear in order to obtain a political objective. [e]
  • Slavery [r]: A social system in which people have legal rights of property ownership over others. [e]
  • Petroleum [r]: Add brief definition or description

Diplomacy

Other related topics

  • Antarctica [r]: The Earth's southernmost continent, located almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle; covers the South Pole. [e]
  • Arctic [r]: The region of the Earth so far north that at least one day of the year the sun is below the horizon [e]
  • Asia [r]: The largest continent in both land area (with 30% of Earth's land area) and population (with 4 billion people, or 60% of Earth's population). [e]
  • Australasia [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Europe [r]: Sixth largest continent; area 10,000,000 km2; pop. 720,000,000 [e]
  • North America [r]: The third largest continent; area 24,709,000 km² ; pop. 523,736,000 (est. July 2007) [e]
  • South America [r]: The fourth largest of the Earth's continents, one of the pieces that broke up from the former supercontinent Gondwana. [e]