The Federal Republic of Nigeria is situated on the coast of West Africa. The Atlantic constitutes Nigeria's southern boundary with the sovereign states of Niger to the north, Benin to the west, and Cameroon to the east.
Nigeria is relatively large in size, having an area of 356,669 square miles (923,768 square km) (ef: Encyclopaedia Britannica) and its population is the largest in all of Africa.
Nigeria is a land of diversity and contrasts, both in its physical features, climate, and its people. Marked by high educational achievement of many of its regions and bustling ambitious culture, there has been a rapid transition from a ubiquitously traditional way of life to the inclusion of an urban modern way of life in a scant century.
The land that is now Nigeria appears to have been densely settled for thousands of years. Because the region, especially to the south, does not have the kind of dry climate that has preserved artefacts in Saharan nations, the historical record is likely to be foreshortened by lack of present evidence, rather than by lack of past civilization.
In fact, where old and ancient artefacts have been found, the evidence points to (Benin).