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Gram stain/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Gram stain.
See also changes related to Gram stain, or pages that link to Gram stain or to this page or whose text contains "Gram stain".

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  • Amino acid [r]: Biochemical with an amino group, a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and a side chain bonded to a central carbon. [e]
  • Aminoglycoside [r]: Antibiotics class that contain an amino sugar and amino- or guanido-substituted inositol rings attached to hexose. [e]
  • Aplastic anemia [r]: Disorder in which the bone marrow greatly decreases or stops production of blood cells. [e]
  • Bacteria [r]: A major group of single-celled microorganisms. [e]
  • Chloramphenicol [r]: One of the first broad-spectrum antibiotics discovered; exceptionally wide spectrum but carries risk of fatal aplastic anemia [e]
  • Clostridium tetani [r]: Gram-positive, rod-shaped, anaerobic bacterium of the genus Clostridium, that produces a powerful toxin, tetanospasmin, that blocks inhibitory synapses in the central nervous system and thus causes the severe muscle spasms characteristic of tetanus. [e]
  • Complement (immunologic) [r]: A sequence of normally inactive proteins, which, when activated by foreign proteins of bacteria and other microorganisms, produce protein variants that variously open holes in the cell wall of invaders, and also opsonize the foreign cells to make them "tasty" to attack cells that will destroy them with phagocytosis [e]
  • Dermatology [r]: Field of medicine that specialises in the treatment of skin disorders. [e]
  • Escherichia coli [r]: A flagellated rod-shaped bacterium; a major species in the lower intestines of mammals. [e]
  • Food and Drug Administration [r]: The agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiation-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics. [e]
  • Gram-negative bacteria [r]: Bacteria that do not retain crystal-violet dye (Gram stain) after staining and decolourizing with alcohol. [e]
  • Lactococcus lactis [r]: Gram-positive bacteria used extensively in the production of buttermilk and cheese. [e]
  • Mycobacterium leprae [r]: Aerobic, rod-shaped, pleomorphic mycobacterium, that causes leprosy (Hansen's disease). [e]
  • Photobacterium phosphoreum [r]: A Gram-negative bioluminescent bacterium living in symbiosis with marine organisms. [e]
  • Rickettsia rickettsii [r]: Obligate, intracellular, Gram-negative coccobacillary that causes a variety of spotted fevers throughout the world including Rocky Mountain spotted fever. [e]
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis [r]: Non-motile Gram-positive cocci, a part of human flora and the mucous membranes of animals, that's becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics due to continuous overuse. [e]
  • Staphylococcus epidermis [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Streptomycin [r]: An antibiotic drug, produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus, used to treat tuberculosis and other bacterial infections. [e]
  • Venereal disease [r]: Infections spread through sexual contact. [e]
  • Vibrio (genus) [r]: Gram-negative bacteria possessing a curved rod shape, typically found in saltwater, with some species causing serious diseases in humans and other animals such as cholera. [e]