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- Antibiotic : Drugs that reduce the growth or reproduction of bacteria.
- Aplastic anemia : Disorder in which the bone marrow greatly decreases or stops production of blood cells.
- Food and Drug Administration : The agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiation-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics.
- Gram stain : A selective stain for the microscopic examination of bacteria; those with a significant peptoglycan component of their cell walls will be colored violet while those without are colored red; these have important clinical correlations
- Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes : Horizontal gene transfer (HGT; also called lateral gene transfer, LGT) is defined as movement of genes between different species, or across broad taxonomic categories. Prokaryotes are cells, such as bacteria, that do not have a nucleus enclosed by a nuclear membrae. Their DNA is in a region of the cell called the nucleiod, or nucleus-like material.
- List of organic compounds : Add brief definition or description
- Plague : Contagious, malignant, epidemic disease, in particular the bubonic plague and the black plague, both forms of the same infection, caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
- Rickettsia prowazekii : Gram negative, obligate intracellular parasitic, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of epidemic typhus, transmitted in the faeces of lice.
- Rickettsia rickettsii : Obligate, intracellular, Gram-negative coccobacillary that causes a variety of spotted fevers throughout the world including Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
- Tularemia : An extremely infectious disease, 15% lethal when untreated and <1% fatal when properly treated, distributed worldwide in animals and ticks, that has been weaponized by several national biological warfare programs
- Typhoid fever : An acute systemic, febrile infection caused by Salmonella typhi, a serotype of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi, spread by fecal-oral contamination, best prevented by water treatment