From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Amino acid : Biochemical with an amino group, a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and a side chain bonded to a central carbon.
- Aminoglycoside : Antibiotics class that contain an amino sugar and amino- or guanido-substituted inositol rings attached to hexose.
- Antibiotic resistance : The development of resistance to an antibiotic in an organism originally susceptible to it
- Antibiotic : Drugs that reduce the growth or reproduction of bacteria.
- Cholera : A life-threatening gastrointestinal infections disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, with a high mortality rate from dehydration unless treated, usually with oral rehydration therapy
- Food and Drug Administration : The agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiation-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics.
- Francisella tularensis : Pathogenic, aerobic Gram-negative bacteria, that causes the circulatory disease tularemia, which can be contracted via contaminated food or drink, physical contact, spray, or bug bite.
- Gram stain : A selective stain for the microscopic examination of bacteria; those with a significant peptoglycan component of their cell walls will be colored violet while those without are colored red; these have important clinical correlations
- Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine : Award conferred once a year by the Swedish Karolinska Institute, for physiology or medicine, since 1901.
- Plague : Contagious, malignant, epidemic disease, in particular the bubonic plague and the black plague, both forms of the same infection, caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
- Tularemia : An extremely infectious disease, 15% lethal when untreated and <1% fatal when properly treated, distributed worldwide in animals and ticks, that has been weaponized by several national biological warfare programs
- Yersinia pestis : Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae, that can infect humans and other animals in three main forms: pneumonic, septicemic, and the notorious bubonic plagues.