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Archive:Article of the Week

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The Article of the Week is an article chosen by vote among Citizens as exemplifying various qualities we like to see in a Citizendium article; see our article standards. It is chosen each week by vote in a manner similar to that of its sister project, the New Draft of the Week

Add New Nominees Here

To add a new nominee or vote for an existing nominee, click edit for this section and follow the instructions

Table of Nominees
Nominated article Supporters Specialist supporters Score
New nominee name goes here

Transclusion of the above nominees (to be done by an Administrator)

View Current Transcluded Nominees (after they have been transcluded by an Administrator)

The next article (or draft) of the week will be the article with the most votes at 1 AM UTC on Thursday, 28 October, 2010.

Text in this section is transcluded from the respective Citizendium entries and may change when these are edited.

Nominated article Supporters Specialist supporters Score

}}

Current Winner (to be selected and implemented by an Administrator)

To change, click edit and follow the instructions, or see documentation at {{Featured Article}}.

Previous Winners

  • Developed Article Space (mathematics) [r]: A set with some added structure, which often form a hierarchy, i.e., one space may inherit all the characteristics of a parent space. [e]
  • Approved Article World of Warcraft [r]: An online video game, released by Blizzard Entertainment in 2004. [e]
  • Approved Article Social capital [r]: Productive assets arising out of social relations, such as trust, cooperation, solidarity, social networks of relations and those beliefs, ideologies and institutions that contribute to production of goods. [e]
  • Developed Article Richard Condon [r]: (1915 – 1996) A prolific and popular American political novelist whose satiric works were generally presented in the form of thrillers or semi-thrillers. [e]
  • Approved Article Natural gas [r]: A gas consisting primarily of methane (CH4) which is found as raw natural gas in underground reservoirs, as gas associated with underground reservoirs of petroleum crude oil, as undersea methane hydrates and as coalbed methane in underground coal mines. [e]
  • Developed Article Stairway to Heaven [r]: 1971 song written and recorded by Led Zeppelin, which became their signature tune and a centrepiece for the group's live performances. [e]
  • Approved Article Cryptography [r]: A field at the intersection of mathematics and computer science that is concerned with the security of information, typically the confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of some message. [e]
  • Developing Article English spellings [r]: Lists of English words showing pronunciation, and articles about letters. [e]
  • Approved Article Folk saint [r]: A deceased person or spirit that is venerated as a saint but who has not been officially canonized by the Church. [e]
  • Approved Article Led Zeppelin [r]: Famous and influential English hard rock and blues group formed in 1968, known for their albums Led Zeppelin IV and Physical Graffiti, and songs 'Stairway to Heaven' and 'Whole Lotta Love'. [e]
  • Developed Article Locality of reference [r]: A commonly observed pattern in memory accesses by a computer program over time. [e]
  • Developed Article Rabbit [r]: Long-eared, short-tailed, burrowing mammals of the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. [e]
  • Approved Article Scarborough Castle [r]: Ruined stone castle on the east coast of Yorkshire, England, begun in mid-twelfth century. [e] (September 3)
  • Developed Article The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order [r]: A book, by Samuel Huntington, assuming a fundamental conflict between civilizations of different cultures, and discussing grand strategy to deal with this conflict [e] (August 27)
  • Developed Article Mauna Kea [r]: One of the three main volcanic mountains on Hawaii, the biggest island in the state of Hawaii. [e] (August 20)
  • Approved Article Brute force attack [r]: An attempt to break a cipher by trying all possible keys; long enough keys make this impractical. [e] (August 13)
  • Developed Article Cruiser [r]: While definitions vary with time and doctrine, a large warship capable of acting independently, as a flagship, or a major escort; capabilities include anti-air warfare, anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, land attack, and possibly ballistic missile defense [e] (August 5)
  • Developed Article The Canterbury Tales [r]: Collection of stories in verse and prose by Geoffrey Chaucer. [e] (July 30)
  • Developed Article Milpa agriculture [r]: A form of swidden agriculture that is practiced in Mesoamerica. Traditionally, a "milpa" plot is planted with maize, beans, and squash. [e] (July 23)
  • Approved Article Domain Name System [r]: The Internet service which translates to and from IP addresses and domain names. [e] (July 16)
  • Developed Article Scuticaria [r]: A genus of orchids, closely related to Bifrenaria, formed by nine showy species of cylindrical leaves, which exist in three isolated areas of South America. [e] (July 9)
  • Developed Article Torture [r]: The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique. [e] (July 2)
  • Developed Article Miltonia [r]: An orchid genus formed by nine showy epiphyte species and seven natural hybrids of Brazil, one species reaching Argentina and Paraguay. [e] (June 25)
  • Approved Article Ancient Celtic music [r]: The music and instruments of the ancient Celts until late Antiquity. [e] (June 18)
  • Developed Article Bifrenaria [r]: A genus of orchids formed by circa twenty species of South America, some widely cultivated because of their large and colored flowers; divided in two distinct groups, one with large flowers and short inflorescences and the other with small flowers and long inflorescences. [e] (June 11)
  • Developed Article Halobacterium NRC-1 [r]: A microorganism from the Archaea kingdom perfectly suited for life in highly saline environments giving biologists an ideal specimen for genetic studies. [e] (June 4)
  • Developed Article Animal [r]: A multicellular organism that feeds on other organisms, and is distinguished from plants, fungi, and unicellular organisms. [e] (May 28)
  • Approved Article Coal [r]: A carbon-containing rock formed by the effect of bacteria, heat and pressure on the debris from the decay of ferns, vines, trees and other plants which flourished in swamps millions of years ago. [e] (May 21)
  • Approved Article Johannes Diderik van der Waals [r]: (1837 – 1923) Dutch scientist, proposed the van der Waals equation of state for gases. [e] (May 7)
  • Approved Article Scientific method [r]: The concept of systematic inquiry based on hypotheses and their testing in light of empirical evidence. [e] (Apr 14)
  • Developed Article Korematsu v. United States [r]: A U.S. Supreme Court case, in which the internment of Japanese-Americans was deemed constitutional due to military necessity [e] (Apr 7)
  • Approved Article Orchid [r]: Any plant classified under Orchidaceae, one of the largest plant families and the largest among Monocotyledons. [e] (Mar 31)
  • Developed Article Oliver Cromwell [r]: (1599-1658) English soldier, statesman, and leader of the Puritan revolution, nicknamed "Old Ironsides". [e] (Mar 24)
  • Developed Article Wisconsin v. Yoder [r]: 1972 U.S. Supreme Court decision in which it was held that the constitutional rights of the Amish, under the "free exercise of religion" clause, were violated by the state's compulsory school attendance law. [e] (Mar 17)
  • Approved Article Conventional coal-fired power plant [r]: An industrial plant which produces electricity by burning of coal and air in a steam generator that heats water to produce high pressure steam which then flows through a series of steam turbines that spin an electrical generator to generate electricity. [e] (Mar 10)
  • Developed Article Battle of the Ia Drang [r]: First divisional-scale battle involving helicopter-borne air assault troops, with U.S. forces against those of North Vietnam [e] (Mar 3)
  • Developed Article Ether (physics) [r]: Medium that can carry electromagnetic waves (obsolete) [e] (Feb 24)
  • Developed Article Large-scale trickle filters [r]: One of the processes by which biodegradable substances in wastewaters are biochemically oxidized. [e] (11 Feb)
  • Approved Article Homeopathy [r]: System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science. [e] (28 Jan)
  • Approved Article Microeconomics [r]: A branch of economics that deals with transactions between suppliers and consumers, acting individually or in groups. [e] (14 Jan)
  • Developed Article Speech Recognition [r]: The ability to recognize and understand human speech, especially when done by computers. [e] (26 Nov)
  • Developed Article Mashup [r]: An integrated application created by combining data and services of multiple applications. On the web, "mashup" typically refers to the combining of geographical location information with a service such as Google maps or Microsoft Virtual Earth. [e] (19 Nov)
  • Approved Article Tux [r]: The name of the penguin, official logo and cartoon mascot for the Linux computer operating system. [e] (14 Oct)
  • Developed Article Hydrogen bond [r]: A non-covalent and non-ionic chemical bond involving a hydrogen atom and either Fluorine, Nitrogen, or Oxygen. [e] (7 Oct)
  • Developed Article Lead [r]: Chemical element number 82, a corrosion-resistant, dense, ductile heavy metal known to cause neurological problems. [e] (1 Sept)
  • Approved Article DNA [r]: A macromolecule — chemically, a nucleic acid — that stores genetic information. [e] (8 July)
  • Approved Article Augustin-Louis_Cauchy [r]: (1789 – 1857) prominent French mathematician, one of the pioneers of rigor in mathematics and complex analysis. [e] (1 July)
  • Developed Article Vasco da Gama [r]: Portuguese explorer who established a sea route from Europe to India. [e] (24 June)
  • Approved Article Phosphorus [r]: Chemical element (Z=15) vital to life and widely used in fertilizers, detergents and pesticides. [e] (17 June)
  • Approved Article Crystal Palace [r]: A glass and iron structure built to house the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, London, in 1851. It was moved and rebuilt on Sydenham Hill in 1854 but was destroyed by fire in 1936. [e] (10 June)
  • Approved Article Gross Domestic Product [r]: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a total of the outputs recorded in a country’s national income accounts. [e] (3 June)
  • Approved Article RNA interference [r]: Process that inhibits the flow of genetic information to protein synthesis. [e] (27 May)
  • Developing Article Latino history [r]: History of Hispanics in the U.S., especially those of Mexican origins. [e] (20 May)
  • Developed Article Navy Grog [r]: Rum-based drink. [e] (13 May)
  • Developed Article Systems biology [r]: The study of biological systems as a whole. [e] (6 May)
  • Developed Article Steroid [r]: Hormone group that controls metabolism, catabolism, growth, electrolyte balance and sexual characteristics. [e] (22 Apr)
  • Developed Article Lebanon [r]: a country in the Middle East. It borders Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. Its official language is Arabic, although French is widely spoken. The capital and largest city of Lebanon is Beirut. [e] (15 Apr)
  • Approved Article Wheat [r]: Grass crop grown worldwide and used in making flour and fermentation for alcohol production. [e] (7 Apr)
  • Approved Article Benjamin Franklin [r]: 1706-1790, American statesman and scientist, based in Philadelphia. [e] (1 Apr)
  • Developed Article Coherer [r]: A type of radio detector, popular in the earliest days of radio development, beginning around 1890. [e] (25 Mar)
  • Developed Article U.S. Civil War [r]: Major war 1861-65 fought over slavery in which the U.S. defeated the secessionist Confederate States of America. [e] (18 Mar)
  • Approved Article Life [r]: Living systems, of which biologists seek the commonalities distinguishing them from nonliving systems. [e] (11 Mar)
  • Approved Article Petroleum refining processes [r]: The chemical engineering processes used in petroleum refining. [e] (4 Mar)
  • Approved Article Shirley Chisholm [r]: The first African-American congresswoman, serving from 1969-1983, representing New York's 12th Congressional District. [e] (20 Feb)
  • Approved Article Telephone Newspaper [r]: A telephone-based news service in the first years after market introduction of the telephone. [e] (4 Feb)
  • Developed Article Wristwatch [r]: Timepiece designed to be worn around the wrist. [e] (28 Jan)
  • Developing Article Korean War of 1592-1598 [r]: Fought on the Korean peninsula from 1592 to 1598 between Japan and the Chinese tributary alliance (Korea, China, Ryukyus, Java, etc.), and resulted in Japanese retreat. [e] (21 Jan)
  • Approved Article Andrew Carnegie [r]: 1835-1919, Scottish-American steel maker, philanthropist and peace activist [e] (11 January 2008)
  • Developed Article Bowling [r]: An indoor sport in which a large, heavy ball is rolled down a lane to hit a cluster of pins. [e] (31 December 2007)
  • Developed Article Architecture [r]: The art and technique of designing and constructing buildings to fulfill both practical and aesthetic purposes. [e] (December 6)
  • Approved Article Civil society [r]: The space for social activity outside the market, state and household; the arena of uncoerced collective action around shared interests, purposes and values. [e] November 29
  • Approved Article Joan of Arc [r]: A French peasant girl (ca. 1412 – 1431) who led her nation's armies during the Hundred Years' War and became a national heroine and saint. [e] (November 22)
  • Approved Article Chemistry [r]: The science of matter, or of the electrical or electrostatical interactions of matter. [e] (November 15)
  • Developed Article Albert Gallatin [r]: 1761-1849, Swiss born American statesman and anthropologist [e] (November 8)
  • Approved Article Prime number [r]: A number that can be evenly divided by exactly two positive whole numbers, namely one and itself. [e] (November 1)
  • Developed Article Tennis [r]: A sport played on a hard-surfaced rectangular court, between either two players or two teams of two players each, in which the players attempt to strike a hollow rubber ball, using a stringed raquet, over a net into the opponent's half of the court. [e] (October 25)
  • Approved Article Rottweiler [r]: A large breed of dog known for its great physical strength and strong protective instinct. [e] (October 18)
  • Approved Article Theodor Lohmann [r]: A 19th century (1831-1905) German administrative lawyer, civil servant and social reformer, second in importance only to Otto von Bismarck in the formation of the German social insurance system. [e] (October 9)
  • Developed Article William Shakespeare [r]: (1564- 1616) English poet and playwright. [e] (October 2)
  • Approved Article Edward I [r]: (1272-1307) English king who conquered Wales and attempted to conquer Scotland. [e] (September 25)
  • Developed Article El Tío [r]: In highland Bolivian folk religion, the spirit owner of the mountain, who is also known as Huari or Supay. [e] (September 18)
  • Developed Article Scotland Yard [r]: The traditional name of the headquarters of the London Metropolitan Police. [e] (September 11)
  • Developed Article Kilt [r]: A knee-length, skirtlike, traditional Scottish garment, usually worn by men as part of Highland attire. [e] (September 4)
  • Developed Article U.S. Electoral College [r]: The indirect election mechanism used to select the president and vice president of the United States [e] (August 28)
  • Approved Article Butler [r]: Manages all affairs of a household and servicing of principals and guests, providing the service themselves and/or hiring and supervising outside contractors, vendors, housekeeping staff, chef, chauffeur, valet, or personal assistant or secretary. [e] (August 21)
  • Developed Article Tony Blair [r]: Former Labour Party politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1997-2007). [e] (August 14)
  • Approved Article Northwest Passage [r]: Water route connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans north of the North American mainland. [e] (August 7)
  • Approved Article Literature [r]: The profession of “letters” (from Latin litteras), and written texts considered as aesthetic and expressive objects. [e] (July 31)
  • Approved Article Biology [r]: The science of life — of complex, self-organizing, information-processing systems living in the past, present or future. [e] (July 25)

Rules and Procedure

Rules

  • The article's status must be 0 or 1, i.e., only "Advanced Articles" may be nominated.
  • Any Citizen may nominate an article.
  • No Citizen may have nominated more than one article listed under "current nominees" at a time.
  • The article's nominator is indicated simply by the first name in the list of votes (see below).
  • At least for now--while the project is still small--you may nominate and vote for articles of which you are a main author.
  • An article can be Article of the Week only once every six months. Nominated articles that have won top honors should be removed from the list.
  • Comments on nominations should be made on the article's talk page.
  • The list of nominees should be kept below 20, or thereabouts. Articles with very few supporters and which have not gained any new supporters in the last two weeks or so may be deleted to make room for new nominees.
  • Any editor may entirely cancel the nomination of any unapproved article in his or her area of expertise if, for example, it contains obvious and embarrassing problems.

Voting

  • To vote, add your name and date in the Supporters column next to an article title, after other supporters for that article, by signing <br />~~~~. (The date is necessary so that we can determine when the last vote was added.) Your vote is alloted a score of 1.
  • Add your name in the Specialist supporters column only if you are an editor who is an expert about the topic in question. Your vote is alloted a score of 1 for articles which you created and a score of 2 for articles which you did not create.
  • You may vote for as many articles as you wish, and each vote counts separately, but you can only nominate one at a time; see above. You could, theoretically, vote for every nominated article on the page, but this would be pointless.

Ranking

  • The list of articles is sorted by number of votes first, then alphabetically.
  • Admins should make sure that the votes are correctly tallied, but anyone may do this. Note that "Specialist Votes" are worth 3 points.

Updating

  • Each Thursday, one of the admins listed below should move the winning article to the Current Winner section of this page, announces the winner on Citizendium-L and updates the "previous winning articles" section accordingly.
  • The winning article will be the article at the top of the list (ie the one with the most votes).
  • In the event of two or more having the same number of votes :
    • The article with the most specialist supporters is used. Should this fail to produce a winner, the article appearing first by English alphabetical order is used.
    • The remaining winning articles are guaranteed this position in the following weeks, again in alphabetical order. No further voting would take place on these, which remain at the top of the table with notices to that effect. Further nominations and voting take place to determine future winning articles for the following weeks.

Administrators

These are people who have volunteered to run this program. Their duties are (1) to ensure that this page remains "clean," e.g., as a given article garners more votes, its tally is accurately represented and it moves up the list, and (2) to place the winning article on the front page on a weekly basis. To become an administrator, you need not apply anywhere. Simply add your name below. Administrator duties are open to editors and authors alike.

References

See Also


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