- See also changes related to Neocortex, or pages that link to Neocortex or to this page or whose text .
- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- Brain development : The build-up of the brain from ectodermal cells to a complex structure of neurons, glia and blood vessels.
- Brain evolution : The process by which the central nervous system changed over many generations.
- Cerebral cortex : External tissue layer within the vertebrate brain, ensheathed by the pia mater; home to the nerve cell bodies; important in learning and dementia.
- Cortical column : Groups of clonally related neurons in the cortical grey matter, arranged in columns perpendicular to the cortical surface.
- Minicolumn : Vertical column through the cortex layer containing of the order of 80–120 neurons, its purpose connected with cortical organization.
- Cortical thickness : The combined thickness of the cerebral cortex layers.
- Archaeocortex : Add brief definition or description
- Palaeocortex : Add brief definition or description
- Brain morphometry : The quantitative study of structures in the brain, their differences between individuals, correlations with brain function, and changes of these characteristics over time.
- Brain size : Umbrella term for various measures of how big a brain is.
- Acetylcholine : A chemical transmitter in both the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) in many organisms including humans.
- Dendrite : A long, thin extension of the cell body of a neuron that is specialised to receive afferent input from other neurons.
- Electrical synapse : Anatomically specialized junction between two nerve cells at which an electrical current flows directly from one cell into the other.
- Gyrification : The folding process during brain development, or the extent of folding.
- Human uniqueness : A theoretical concept in evolutionary studies, often used in discussions about the evolution of biological traits found in humans.
- Mammal : A warm-blooded animal with a backbone which also has hair, and produces milk to feed its young.
- Memory : The cognitive processes that lead to the retaining and recalling of past experience.
- Myelin : The proteinaceous material constituting most of the insulating sheath that surrounds the axons of nerve cells.
- Neuronal migration : The process by which nerve cells travel from the place of their last cell division to their final position in the brain.
- Polymicrogyria : A disorder in which the brain surface resembles that of a road paved with cobblestones.