Language acquisition/Related Articles
- See also changes related to Language acquisition, or pages that link to Language acquisition or to this page or whose text .
- Language (general) : A type of communication system, commonly used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on. A wider definition of language - what counts as a language and what doesn't - is a difficult philosophical topic, deserving an article in its own right.
- Linguistics : The scientific study of language.
- Psychology : The study of systemic properties of the brain and their relation to behaviour.
- Cognitive science : The scientific study either of mind or intelligence and includes parts of cognitive psychology, linguistics and computer science.
- Neuroscience : The study of nervous systems and their components.
- First language acquisition : Study of the processes through which humans acquire language, specifically first languages, which studies infants' acquisition of their native language.
- Second language acquisition : Process by which people learn a second language in addition to their native language(s), where the language to be learned is often referred to as the 'target language'.
- Critical period hypothesis : Hypothesis which claims that there is an ideal 'window' of time to acquire language in a linguistically rich environment, after which this is no longer possible.
- Behaviorism : A major branch of psychology, started by Ivan Pavlov, which characterizes behavior in terms of stimuli and responses
- Nativism (psychology) : theory that certain traits of a species emerge from a mind that is already prepared for its environment, e.g. the language ability is not learned but 'acquired' due to innate processes.
- Native language : A language to which a person was exposed during early childhood, usually by other family members.
- Multilingualism : The state of knowing two or more languages, either in individuals or whole speech communities.
- Fossilization (language acquisition) : loss of progress in second language acquisition, where learners no longer move towards native-like ability in the second language, often despite constant exposure to it.
- Language attrition : The loss of a first or second language or a portion of that language by individuals.
- Universal grammar : Add brief definition or description
- Generative linguistics : School of thought within linguistics that makes use of the concept of a generative grammar.
- Contrastive analysis : Add brief definition or description
- Creolistics : The study of creole and pidgin languages.
- Applied linguistics : The application of linguistic theories to practical issues and problems, such as language learning.
- Language teaching : Add brief definition or description
- Communicative approach : Add brief definition or description
- Comprehension approach : several methodologies of language learning that emphasise understanding of language rather than speaking.
- Monitor theory : Hypotheses developed by the linguist Stephen Krashen to explain and predict the process of second language acquisition.
- B.F. Skinner : Add brief definition or description
- Noam Chomsky : American linguist, MIT professor and left-wing political activist.
- Wilder Penfield : Biography of Wilder Graves Penfield.
- Eric Lennerberg : Add brief definition or description
- Steven Pinker : (b. 18 September 1954) Canadian experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, and author of popular science, known for his wide-ranging advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind.
- Stephen Krashen : emeritus professor of education at the University of Southern California; his research concerns second language acquisition (SLA), bilingual education, literacy and neurolinguistics.
- Critical period : Limited time in which an event can occur, usually resulting in some kind of transformation.