History of political thought/Related Articles
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- Aristotle : (384-322 BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, and one of the most influential figures in the western world between 350 BCE and the sixteenth century.
- Augustine of Hippo : (November 13 354–August 28 430) Bishop and Doctor of the Church.
- Averroës : Add brief definition or description
- Jeremy Bentham : (1748–1832) British utilitarian political philosopher.
- Edmund Burke : (1729–97) British political thinker who opposed the French Revolution and developed a coherent conservative philosophy.
- Cicero : Add brief definition or description
- Epicurus : Ancient Greek philosopher who founded epicureanism.
- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel : (1770–1831) German idealist philosopher, most famous for writings on Geist and dialectic.
- Thomas Hobbes : English political philosopher of the 17th century.
- David Hume : (1711—1776) Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian.
- Immanuel Kant : (1724–1804) German idealist and Enlightenment philosopher who tried to transcend empiricism and rationalism in the Critique of Pure Reason.
- John Locke : (1632–1704) English empiricist philosopher.
- Niccolò Machiavelli : (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) Italian philosopher and writer, considered one of the main founders of modern political science.
- James Madison : (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), An American politician, political theorist, Secretary of State, fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817) and one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States.
- Karl Marx : 19th century philosopher and economist. Creator of a theoretical foundation for Communism.
- John Stuart Mill : Leading 19th-century British philosopher who made major contributions to ethics, economics, and political philosophy.
- Friedrich Nietzsche : (1844–1900) German philosopher and writer who developed key concepts of morality, religion and the contemporary culture of Europe.
- Thomas Paine : (1737-1809) English writer, intellectual and revolutionary whose works were influential during the Enlightenment in the United States and Europe.
- Pericles : (circa 495-429 BCE) Athenian Statesman, General and Admiral.
- Plato : (circa 427-347 BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher, whose dialogues, supposedly recording conversations with Socrates, contain many of the debates central to Western philosophy.
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau : (1712–1778) French author and philosopher.
- Socrates : (ca. 470–399 BCE) Greek philosopher who is credited with laying the foundations of western philosophy; sentenced to death in Athens for heresy.
- Voltaire : The pen-name of François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), a French writer and philosopher, who was one of the leading figures of The Enlightenment.
- Antisemitism : In basic usage, hostility against, or persecution of, Jews, rather than ethnically Semitic people in general, or non-Semitic Jews
- Conservatism : Political principles and practices that oppose radical reform, emphasising respect for existing institutions and traditions, and often involving support for the free enterprise capitalism.
- Fascism : Political ideology of the far right that seeks national unity through patriotism, collectivism, subservience of the individual and opposition to liberalism.
- Islamism : A person who holds that Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life.
- Liberalism : Economic and political doctrine advocating free enterprise, free competition and free will.
- Libertarianism : A political ideology that regards individual freedom as having the highest value in society.
- Racism : Belief in the difference, and often superiority, of one racial group over other racial groups.
- Nazism : Practices and philosophy of national socialism in the German Nazi Party (1920-1945) and more recent neo-Nazi movements
- Salafism : A strict branch of Sunni Islam, dedicated to the restoration of the Caliphate, often by means of armed jihad
- Sharia : The Muslim system of law and rule of conduct inspired by the Qur'an, the Sunna, traditional law systems, and the Hadiths.
- Socialism : Any socio-economic system in which property and distribution of wealth are controlled by a community, by cooperation law.
- Social democracy : A political movement which seeks to attain community control of the distribution of wealth through democratic means.
- Zionism : The ideology that Jews should form a Jewish state in what is traced as the Biblical area of Palestine; there are many interpretations, including the boundaries of such a state and its criteria for citizenship