- See also changes related to Socrates, or pages that link to Socrates or to this page or whose text .
- Ancient Greece : The loose collection of Greek-speaking city-states centered on the Aegean Sea which flourished from the end of the Mycenaean age to the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC.
- Ancient philosophy : The study of philosophy in civilizations such as ancient Greece and Rome.
- Philosophy : The study of the meaning and justification of beliefs about the most general, or universal, aspects of things.
- Euthyphro dilemma : Philosophical dilemma regarding divine command theory stemming from Socrates in Euthyphro, a Platonic dialogue.
- The Republic (dialogue of Plato) : Socratic dialogue on the nature of justice through imagining a new city state.
- Aporia : In philosophy, a philosophical puzzle or state of puzzlement, and, in rhetoric, a rhetorically useful expression of doubt.
- Aristotle : (384-322 BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, and one of the most influential figures in the western world between 350 BCE and the sixteenth century.
- Athens : Athens (Modern Greek: Αθήνα/Athina, Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι/Athēnai) is the capital and the greatest city of Greece, (Ελλάς) with more than 4 million people in the metropolitan area and around 1 million in the city centre.
- Elenchus : Pedagogical technique in which a teacher does not give information directly but instead asks a series of questions, with the result that the student comes either to the desired knowledge by answering the questions or to a deeper awareness of the limits of knowledge.
- Lampoons of philosophers : The often humorous perception of philosophers by other members of society.
- On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates : 1841 doctoral dissertation on Socratic irony by Søren Kierkegaard.
- Plato : (circa 427-347 BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher, whose dialogues, supposedly recording conversations with Socrates, contain many of the debates central to Western philosophy.
- Voltaire's Socrates (play) : A satirical play in three acts that concerns itself with Socrates and the events just before his death during his trial.
- Weakness of will : Condition in which while knowing what it would be best to do, one does something else.