User talk:David Finn/UN members a-m
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
See also UN members n-z
- Afghanistan : A Islamic republic in Central Asia, with an unstable but elected government; borders China, Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
- Albania : Republic in south-eastern Europe (population c. 3.6 million; capital Tirana), with a long Adriatic coastline on the west and land borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Greece.
- Algeria : North African republic that constitutionally recognises Islam plus Arab and Berber ethnic groups; second-largest African nation, population about 34,000,000.
- Andorra : Small landlocked country in western Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
- Angola : A country in southern Africa, and Africa's largest Portuguese-speaking state.
- Antigua and Barbuda : Independent nation in the Caribbean and part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- Argentina : Second largest South American country; speaks Spanish.
- Armenia : A mountainous country in the Middle East, formerly part of the Soviet Union.
- Australia : Continent in the Southern Hemisphere and the federal parliamentary nation that occupies it.
- Austria : Federal republic in central Europe (population c. 8.2 million; capital Vienna), bordered to the north by Germany and the Czech Republic; to the south by Italy and Slovenia; to the west by Switzerland and Liechtenstein; and to the east by Hungary and Slovakia.
- Azerbaijan : A country variously considered part of Central Asia or Southwestern Asia, with a shore on the Caspian Sea, major borders with Iran and Russia, a tense border with Armenia and a small European portion north of the Caucasus Mountains
- Bahamas, The : Island nation located east of Florida and north of Cuba and Haiti.
- Bahrain : A kingdom in the Middle East which forms an archipelago lying in the Persian Gulf.
- Bangladesh : Country in southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India.
- Barbados : Island east of the Caribbean, an independent state within the British Commonwealth, whose principal source of income is tourism.
- Belarus : A landlocked country in Eastern Europe.
- Belgium : Federal monarchy (population c. 10.5 million; capital Brussels) in western Europe, located between France, Germany and the Netherlands, and with a short coastline on the North Sea; founding member of the European Union.
- Belize : Country (formerly known as British Honduras) located in Central America, bordering Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south, whose capital city is Belmopan.
- Benin : An African republic, bordering Nigeria, Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger and the Gulf of Guinea, which gained independence from France in 1960.
- Bhutan : Landlocked constitutional republic in the Himalayan Mountains.
- Bolivia : Landlocked state in South America, formerly part of the Inca Empire, independent since 1825.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina : Formerly part of Yugoslavia, a mountainous federal democratic republic (population c. 4.6 million; capital Sarajevo) bordering Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, and with a few kilometres of Adriatic coast on the southern tip of the country.
- Botswana : Landlocked republic in southern Africa, formerly known as Bechuanaland.
- Brazil : Largest country in South America with a population of 190 million people and rich resources; Portuguese is the national language
- Brunei : Country in North Borneo.
- Bulgaria : Mountainous republic (population c. 7.3 million; capital Sofia) in south-eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the north (with River Danube as border); the Black Sea to the east; Greece and Turkey to the south; and Yugoslavia and Macedonia to the west.
- Burkina Faso : Landlocked West African nation with significant gold reserves and an economy based primarily on cotton; formerly a French colony (population about 18 million).
- Burundi : A country of Central Africa, having borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Tanzania, as well as coast on Lake Tanganikya.
- Cambodia : A country of Southeast Asia, on the Gulf of Thailand, sharing borders with Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos
- Cameroon : (population 18 million) A country located in West/Central Africa which shares boundaries with Chad to the north, Nigeria to the west, Central African Republic to the east, Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the south.
- Canada : The world's second-largest country by total area, occupying most of northern North America; officially a bilingual nation, in English and French (population approx. 27 million).
- Cape Verde : Island republic, spanning an archipelago of ten islands and five islets in the Atlantic Ocean, off Senegal.
- Central African Republic : Landlocked African nation, with Bangui its capital; formerly a French colony which became independent in 1960 (population c.4,500,000).
- Chad : A landlocked country in East Africa and the Sahel, forming the western border of the Darfur Conflict, and having newly discovered oil running by pipeline to Cameroon on the Atlantic coast of West Africa
- Chile : A country in the southwestern part of South America occupying a long and narrow coastal strip between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean.
- China : The most populous nation on Earth, third largest by area.
- Colombia : Country in South America.
- Comoros : Federal island republic, spanning an archipelago of three islands and minor islets in the Indian Ocean, off Mozambique.
- Congo-Brazzaville : Add brief definition or description
- Congo-Kinshasa : Country in Central Africa.
- Costa Rica : Democratic third world nation located south of Nicaragua, north of Panama, east of the Pacific Ocean and west of the Caribbean Sea.
- Côte d'Ivoire : West African republic, centre of coffee and cocoa production, with Yamoussoukro its capital; achieved independence from France in 1960 (population about 21 million).
- Croatia : South-east European republic (population c. 4.5 million; capital Zagreb), located south of Slovenia and Hungary, west of Serbia, and north and west of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and with a long Adriatic coastline to its west.
- Cuba : a Communist state made up of a number of islands in the Caribbean.
- Cyprus : Contested eastern Mediterranean island republic (population c. 793,000; capital Nicosia (Lefkosia)), divided between Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC, recognised only by Turkey) in the north and Greek Cypriot Republic of Cyprus (Cyprus) in the south.
- Czech Republic : Landlocked republic (population c. 10.2 million; capital Prague) comprising the territories of Bohemia and Moravia; formerly part of Czechoslovakia; bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria.
- Denmark : Constitutional monarchy and multiparty democracy (population c. 5.5 million; capital Copenhagen); the most southerly Scandinavian nation, comprising the Jutland Peninsula, the islands of Sjaelland, Fyn, Lolland and Falster, and more than 400 smaller islands.
- Djibouti : Republic located along the north-east coast of Africa, adjacent to the Horn of Africa.
- Dominica : Commonwealth island republic, in the Lesser Antilles region of the Caribbean Sea, formerly a British Crown Colony.
- Dominican Republic : Republic on the eastern-side of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea, part of the Greater Antilles.
- Ecuador : South American country with Quito its capital; economy built on agriculture and latterly on oil exports and industry (population about 15 million).
- Egypt : A country in the northeastern corner of Africa, bordering Sudan, Libya, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea
- El Salvador : Republic in Central America, one of the smallest but most densely populated in the region.
- Equatoral Guinea : Add brief definition or description
- Eritrea : Republic located along the north-east littoral of Africa, adjacent to the Horn of Africa and Red Sea.
- Estonia : Baltic republic (population c. 1.3 million; capital Tallinn) bordered by Latvia to the south and the Russian Federation to the east; it includes more than 1500 islands, and its people are more closely related to the Finns than those of the other Baltic states, Latvia and Lithuania.
- Ethiopia : Among the oldest countries of the world, from which Muslim-majority Eritrea split after a civil war; Coptic Christian-majority state in East Africa
- Fiji : Island republic, spanning an archipelago of two main islands and many minor islets in the Pacific Ocean.
- Finland : Scandinavian republic (population c. 5.2 million; capital Helsinki) bordered by Norway and Sweden to the north and west and the Russian Federation to the east; a low-lying country of forests and almost 188,000 lakes.
- France : Western European republic (population c. 64.1 million; capital Paris) extending across Europe from the English Channel in the north-west to the Mediterranean in the south-east; bounded by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain; founding member of the European Union. Colonial power in Southeast Asia until 1954.
- Gabon : Coastal nation of West Africa with Libreville its capital; former French colony with an oil-dominated economy (pop. about 1,500,000).
- Gambia : Add brief definition or description
- Georgia (country) : A country in the Caucasus to the southeast of Continental Europe and at the east coast of the Black Sea.
- Germany : Federal republic in central Europe (population c. 82.4 million; capital Berlin), with the North Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea to the north; Poland and the Czech Republic to the east; Switzerland and Austria to the south; and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west; founding member of the European Union.
- Ghana : A country in West Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Togo.
- Greece : The southernmost Balkan nation, the Hellenic Republic (Greece; population c. 11 million; capital Athens) is bordered by Albania, the (former Yugoslav) Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey, and with a coastline on the Ionian, Aegean and Mediterranean seas.
- Grenada : Island country consisting of the island of Grenada and six islets at the southern end of the Grenadines in the south-eastern Caribbean Sea.
- Guatemala : Country in Central America that shares borders with Mexico to the north and west, Belize to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the south.
- Guinea : Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Guinea (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
- Guinea Bissau : Add brief definition or description
- Guvana : Add brief definition or description
- Haiti : Caribbean country, capital Port-au-Prince, covering the western part of the island of Hispaniola; population about 10,000,000.
- Honduras : Central American republic (capital Tegucigalpa) with an economy built on agriculture and peoples of mixed European and Amerindian descent; has the world's highest murder rate and high levels of poverty (population about 8.5 million).
- Hungary : Landlocked central European republic (population c. 9.9 million; capital Budapest) in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.
- Iceland : Sparsely populated island country in the northern Atlantic Ocean with capital city Reykjavík.
- India : Republic in South Asia; the world's largest democracy. Borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, Pakistan
- Indonesia : A country in Southeast Asia.
- Iran : Country in the Middle East.
- Iraq : Country in the Middle East, currently transitioning from rule by the US.
- Ireland (state) : Republic (population c. 4.2 million; capital Dublin) comprising about 85% of the Atlantic island of Ireland, west of Great Britain.
- Israel : Country in the Middle East.
- Italy : Southern European republic (population c. 58.1 million; capital Rome) that has northern borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia, and coastlines on the Tyrrhenian, Mediterranean, Ionian and Adriatic seas; founding member of the European Union.
- Jamaica : Caribbean island nation that became independent in 1962; formerly part of the British Empire and built on the slave trade (population about 2.8 million).
- Japan : East Asian country of about 3,000 islands; one of the world's largest economies; population about 125,000,000.
- Jordan : An Arab country of the Middle East, landlocked and bordered by Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and the West Bank of Palestine
- Kazakhstan : A landlocked central Asian nation, formerly part of the Soviet Union, bordered by China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
- Kenya : A country of 38 million in East Africa.
- Kiribati : Republic spanning a group of thirty-six islands and minor atolls in the Pacific Ocean.
- Kuwait : Country on the Persian Gulf bordering Iraq to the north and Saudi Arabia to the south; population of 2.5 million.
- Kyrgzstan : Add brief definition or description
- Laos : A country in Southeast Asia that was part of French Indochina, located northeast of Thailand and west of Vietnam, with short borders to Burma, Cambodia and China
- Latvia : Small republic (population c. 2.3 million; capital Riga) on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea; lies between Estonia and Lithuania, with Russian Federation and Belorussia to the east.
- Lebanon : a country in the Middle East. It borders Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. Its official language is Arabic, although French is widely spoken. The capital and largest city of Lebanon is Beirut.
- Lesotho : Landlocked mountainous kingdom and enclave, entirely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa.
- Liberia : Republic located on the west coast of Africa, bounded by Guinea in the north, Ivory Coast in the east and Sierra Leone in the north-west.
- Libya : North African revolutionary republic led by Muammar Gaddafi, which normalised diplomatic ties with the West in 2003; fourth-largest African nation, population about 6,000,000.
- Leichtenstein : Add brief definition or description
- Lithuania : Former Soviet republic (population c. 3.6 million; capital Vilnius) bordered by Latvia, Belorussia, Poland and the Russian Federation, and with a short coastline on the Baltic Sea.
- Luxembourg : Constitutional monarchy (Grand Duchy of Luxembourg; population c. 486,000; capital Luxembourg) surrounded by Belgium, France and Germany; founding member of the European Union.
- Madagascar : Republic in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of south-east Africa, the fourth largest island in the world.
- Malawi : Landlocked republic in Africa, located along the shores of Lake Malawi, and bounded north by Tanzania, south by Mozambique, and west by Zambia.
- Malaysia : Country in Southeast Asia; a peninsula bordering Thailand and the northern one-third of the island of Borneo, Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea; south of Vietnam
- Maldives : Island republic consisting of twenty-six atolls, 400 kilometres south-west of India in the Indian Ocean.
- Mali : Landlocked republic in Africa, bounded north-west by Mauritania, north-east by Algeria, west by Senegal, east by Niger, and south by Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, and Guinea.
- Malta : An island republic (population c. 403,500; capital Valletta) lying in the Mediterranean Sea, midway between Europe and North Africa; of the four main islands of the Maltese Archipelago, Gozo, Malta and Kummuna are inhabited and Filfla is not.
- Marshall Islands : Formerly a U.S. trust territory, site of major Japanese bases in WWII, and then used for U.S. nuclear testing after the war; now a semi-independent facility with local government but the U.S. in control of foreign policy; the U.S. operates large ballistic missile defense test ranges
- Mauritania : Republic located on the west coast of Africa, bounded north by Western Sahara, north-east by Algeria, east and south-east by Mali, and south by Senegal, with access to the Atlantic Ocean in the west
- Mauritius : Island nation in the Indian Ocean, with a parliamentary democracy and a growing diverse economy
- Mexico : A country in North America, bordering the United States on the north and Guatemala and Belize on the south.
- Micronesia : Region of Oceania in the western Pacific Ocean, comprising thousands of tropical islands shared between five states and three U.S. territories.
- Moldova : Landlocked country in Eastern Europe, located between Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east and south.
- Monaco : Small, sovereign city-state on the Mediterranean Sea, entirely surrounded by France.
- Mongolia : A country of Northern Asia, which, with the Chinese autonomous region of Inner Mongolia, was the origin of the Mongol Empire of Genghiz Khan
- Montenegro : South-east European, former Yugoslav republic (population c. 678,000; capital Podgorica) off the north-eastern Adriatic Sea, bordering Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania.
- Morocco : An Arab monarchy of western North Africa, nonaligned but generally moderate, with a slow-growing economy
- Mozambique : Republic in Africa, bounded north by Zambia, Malawi, and Tanzania, west by Zimbabwe, south-west by South Africa and Swaziland, with access to the Indian Ocean in the east.
- Myanmar (formerly Burma) : Country in Southeast Asia, officially called Myanmar.