From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Australia, or pages that link to Australia or to this page or whose text .
- 1 Parent topics
- 2 Subtopics
- 3 Other related topics
- Commonwealth of Nations : An international organisation that evolved out of the British Empire.
- Asia : The largest continent in both land area (with 30% of Earth's land area) and population (with 4 billion people, or 60% of Earth's population).
- Oceania : A major geographical region of the planet Earth, mostly in the southern hemisphere, consisting of Australasia (the Australian continent and New Zealand), Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia.
- Indian Ocean : Body of water bordered on the west by Africa; on the north by Asia; on the east by Indochina, some islands of Indonesia, and Australia; and on the south by the Antarctic Ocean.
- Pacific Ocean : the largest single mass of water in the world, lying between Asia and Australia on its west, and North America and South America on its east.
- Ashmore and Cartier Islands : Australian territory of small, low, coral-and-sand islands – West, Middle and East Islands of Ashmore Reef, Cartier Island, and surrounding sea.
- Australian Antarctic Territory : Part of Antarctica claimed by Australia, covering 42% of it's land mass.
- Australian Capital Territory : Add brief definition or description
- Christmas Island : Australian territory 2300 kilometres north-west of Perth, WA (but is 1040 km closer to Java than Australia), with an economy based on tourism and phosphate mining
- Cocos (Keeling) Islands : An Australian territory comprising two large coral atolls made up of 27 coral islands in the Indian Ocean north-west of Perth.
- Coral Sea Islands : A territory of Australia, essentially uninhabited by mankind, populated by protected wildlife.
- New South Wales : Most populous Australian state, whose capital city is Sydney.
- Norfolk Island : Add brief definition or description
- Northern Territory : Add brief definition or description
- Queensland : Add brief definition or description
- South Australia : Add brief definition or description
- Tasmania : Add brief definition or description
- Victoria (state) : Add brief definition or description
- Western Australia : Add brief definition or description
- Sydney : (population 4.4 million) The capital of the Australian state of New South Wales.
- Tallong : Village in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia.
- Condobolin, New South Wales : A small town near the geographic centre of New South Wales.
- Southern Highlands, New South Wales : Add brief definition or description
- Australian English : The varieties of the English language as used in Australia.
- White Australia Policy : Add brief definition or description
- Underarm bowling incident of 1981 : An international sporting controversy in 1981, between Australia and New Zealand, which resulted in underarm bowling being made illegal by the International Cricket Council, and is considered one of the most disgraceful moments in the history of cricket.
- Australian Labor Party : Centre-left political party in Australia and Australia's oldest political party.
- Liberal Party of Australia : Add brief definition or description
- Dominion : Term applied to the first members of the British Commonwealth to become independent.
- Elizabeth II : The present monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom since 1952 (born 1926).
- A-League : Premier domestic Australian football (soccer) competition.
National security and research
- Association of Southeast Asian Nations : Association of South-East Asian Nations; treaty group formed in 1967, originally comprising Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand; Brunei was admitted as a member in 1984, Vietnam in 1995, Burma and Laos in 1997, Cambodia in 1999; Australia is a "dialogue partner".
- Australian Army : Add brief definition or description
- Defence Signals Directorate : Australia's organization responsible for signals intelligence and information security
- Australian Security Intelligence Organization : Add brief definition or description
- Lowy Institute for International Policy : Independent international policy think tank focused on the role of Australia in the world
- Centre of Defence and Strategic Studies (Canberra) : Australia's oldest-established think tank for the study of strategic, defence and wider security issues, part of The Australian National University
- United States Pacific Command : The U.S. Unified Combatant Command, headquartered in Hawaii, and responsible for the Pacific and East Asia
- Vietnam War : A post-colonial independence/Cold War conflict between communist North Vietnam against South Vietnam, assisted by the United States (1955-1975), to unify Vietnam; won by North Vietnam in 1975.
- National Reconnaissance Office : An agency of the United States intelligence community, which designs, procures, launches, and operates intelligence satellites and certain aircraft/UAV platforms. It does not analyze their output.
- Alice Springs : Town in central Australia, with a population of 23,900 people as of 2006.
- James Cook : (1728-1779) a British explorer and navigator.
- Ken Rosewall : Add brief definition or description
- Manning Clark : Australian historian; author of the six-volume History of Australia, published 1962-1987.
- Eddie Campbell : (born Glasgow, 10 August 1955) A Scottish-born comics artist who lives in Australia, best known as the illustrator of Alan Moore's Jack the Ripper graphic novel From Hell.
- David Armstrong : Australian philosopher focused on epistemology, ontology and philosophy of mind. Author of Materialist Theory of Mind.
- Peter Singer : Australian moral philosopher who has made significant utilitarian contributions to animal liberation philosophy and applied ethics.
Science and medicine
- Barry Marshall : (b. 30 September 1951) Australian physician and Nobel Prize recipient in Physiology or Medicine, for proving that bacteria Helicobacter pylori are the cause of most stomach ulcers.
- Robin Warren : Australian physician who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with his colleague Barry Marshall, for the discovery of the role of Helicobacter pylori in ulcers
Military and international relations
- Thomas Blamey : (1884-1951) The only Australian Army soldier ever to rise to the rank of Field Marshal, with a distinguished World War I record, controversy between the wars as Chief Commissioner of Police in Victoria, returned to the military and built the forces to be used in WWII; even though senior Australian officer, overshadowed by Douglas MacArthur in effect on WWII Australian policy
- Colin Burgess : (b. 1947) An Australian author and historian, specializing in space flight and military history.
- Michael Fullilove : Director of the Global Issues Program, Lowy Institute for International Policy; Nonresident Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy at the Brookings Institution; former adviser to Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating
- John Monash : (1865-1931) Originally a civil engineer, Australian Army lieutenant general in the First World War; considered, with Arthur Currie of Canada, the best allied brigadiers at the start of the war; postwar contributor to a wide range of activities in Australia
- Stanley Savige : An Australian Army officer involved in the establishment of a war widows and orphans benefit fund
- Grampians National Park : National park in Victoria, Australia covering 168,000 hectares.
- Australian National Kennel Council : Official all-breed kennel club of Australia.
- Royal New South Wales Canine Council : Governing body in New South Wales, Australia which represents the interests of dog owners, breeders and fanciers.
- Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras : An annual gay and lesbian festival that takes place each summer in Sydney, Australia.
- Kangaroo : Add brief definition or description
- Koala : Add brief definition or description
- Platypus : An amphibious, egg-laying monotreme (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) of eastern mainland Australia and Tasmania, 45-60 cm in total length, having webbed feet and a muzzle like the bill of a duck; also known as the duck-billed platypus.
- Tasmanian Devil : Add brief definition or description
- Antarctica : The Earth's southernmost continent, located almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle; covers the South Pole.
- New Zealand : Country in the South Pacific; constitutional monarchy and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- Boomerang : Traditionally a piece of wood that was carved and twisted so that when it was thrown correctly it would return to the thrower.
- British Empire : The worldwide domain controlled by Britain from its origins about 1600
- British and American English : A comparison between these two language variants in terms of vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation.
- CIA activities in Asia-Pacific : This is a regional-level subpage dealing with CIA intelligence and operations pertaining to the Asia-Pacific area. Large topics may be in subordinate pages.
- Cacatuidae (Cockatoos) : 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae, and the order Psittaciformes, found in Australasia.
- Commonwealth English : A blanket term for the English that developed during the British Empire separately from the United States of America.
- Constitutional monarchy : A monarchical system of government in which the powers of the head of state are determined by a constitution.
- Continent : An extended part of the Earth's crust that extends above sea level.
- De Bortoli Wines : Large, family-run company with vineyards and wineries in Riverina and the Yarra Valley which produce a broad range of varietal wines.
- First-class cricket : Class of cricket matches of three or more days scheduled duration, between two sides of eleven players and officially adjudged first-class by virtue of the standard of the competing teams.
- Grevillea : Genus of about 360 species of evergreen flowering plants in the protea family Proteaceae, native to Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, and Sulawesi.
- Hendra virus : Paramyxovirus in the genus Henipavirus, related to Nipah virus, that is transmitted from bats and is zoonotic causing a highly fatal but rare infection in humans.
- Pitcairn Island : A small Pacific Island where the crew of the Bounty settled after their famous mutiny.
- Republicanism : The political ideology of a nation as a republic, with an emphasis on liberty, rule by the people, and the civic virtue practiced by citizens.
- Solomon Islands : An island republic, part of the Commonwealth of Nations, in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu; scene of much fighting in the Second World War
- Torres Strait Islander : A member of a group of Indigenous Australians who inhabit or originate from the Torres Strait Islands, which are situated between the northern tip of Cape York in Queensland and the south-west coast of Papua New Guinea.
- Triple M Classic Rock Digital : Australian Digital Radio station operated by Southern Cross Austereo from it's launch date on 25 November 2013, focused on the classic rock format.
- United Kingdom : Constitutional monarchy which includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
People of Australian heritage
- David Kilcullen : A former Australian infantry officer with a doctorate in the study of insurgency and history, he is an advisor on counterinsurgency to the Australian and U.S. governments. His models draw a sharp distinction between the tactic of terror, and the conduct of wars that make use of that tactic. Board of Advisors, Center for a New American Security
- Martin Indyk : acting vice president, director of Foreign Policy, and Director of the Saban Institute for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution; board of directors, Lowy Institute for International Policy; past director of research for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee; U.S. ambassador to Israel and Assistant Secretary for Near East Affairs in the Clinton Administration; supports a two-state settlement