United Kingdom/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about United Kingdom.
See also changes related to United Kingdom, or pages that link to United Kingdom or to this page or whose text contains "United Kingdom".

Parent topics

  • United Nations [r]: An international organization that was founded in 1945 with the mission of preventing international war, protecting human rights, supporting social progress and justice, and helping with economic progress. [e]
  • Commonwealth of Nations [r]: An international organisation that evolved out of the British Empire. [e]
  • Europe [r]: Sixth largest continent; area 10,000,000 km2; pop. 720,000,000 [e]
  • European Union [r]: Political and economic association of 28 European states. [e]
  • British Isles [r]: Group of islands off the northwest coast of Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland, and adjacent smaller islands. [e]
  • British Islands [r]: Collective legal term for the United Kingdom plus the Crown Dependencies: the Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey (including Alderney, Sark and Herm). [e]

Subtopics

  • Great Britain [r]: The largest part of the United Kingdom, comprising England, Scotland, Wales and islands immediately off their coasts. [e]
  • Countries of the United Kingdom [r]: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales; which form the sovereign state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. [e]

Institutions

History

  • Battle of Britain [r]: Those German offensive air strikes, and British defense, with which the Germans had intended to establish air supremacy for their proposed invasion of Britain [e]
  • Battle of Hastings [r]: (1066) The battle which marked the end of Anglo-Saxon rule in England. [e]
  • Bill of Rights (England) [r]: An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown [e]
  • English Civil War [r]: 1641-1651 conflict between Parliamentarians and Royalists loyal to the monarchy. [e]
  • Glorious Revolution [r]: (1688 - 89) Largely bloodless events which deposed King James VII and II (of Scotland and England), brought William and Mary to the thrones and established the monarchy on a contract basis. [e]
  • Great Depression in the United Kingdom [r]: The Depression as it affected the United Kingdom. [e]
  • Industrial Revolution [r]: A period of major economic transformation in Britain from the 1750s to the 1830s, characterized by the growth of a new system comprising factories, railroads, coal mining and business enterprises using new technologies. [e]
  • Magna Carta [r]: A 13th century charter that forms part of the British constitution and which has been classified as a document of global significance. [e]
  • Norman invasion of England [r]: Invasion of the Kingdom of England by the troops of William, Duke of Normandy ('William the Bastard'), and his victory at the Battle of Hastings. [e]
  • World War II [r]: War between the Allies (most notably the UK, US and Soviet Union) and the Axis (principally Germany and Japan) 1939–1945. [e]

Nations

  • England [r]: The largest and southernmost country in the United Kingdom, and location of the largest city and seat of government, London; population about 51,000,000. [e]
  • Scotland [r]: A country that forms the northernmost part of the United Kingdom; population about 5,200,000. [e]

  • Wales [r]: A country of the United Kingdom that historically was considered a principality; population about 3,000,000. [e]
  • Northern Ireland [r]: Part of the United Kingdom comprising six of the nine counties of the Irish province of Ulster; population about 1,800,000. [e]

Capital cities

  • Cardiff [r]: (population 320,000) The capital of Wales. [e]
  • Belfast [r]: The capital of Northern Ireland and the second-largest city on the island of Ireland. [e]

Regions

Foreign affairs

Armed Forces

Geographical features

  • Atlantic Ocean [r]: Second largest ocean in the world; separates the Americas from Europe and Africa. [e]
  • English Channel [r]: Sea channel running between the south coast of England and the north coast of France. [e]
  • North Sea [r]: Part of the Atlantic Ocean, between north-western mainland Europe and Great Britain; important trading and fishing zone, with extensive petroleum and natural gas reserves. [e]

Language

  • Scots language [r]: A West Germanic variety spoken in southern Scotland and parts of Northern Ireland, which has been identified as either a separate language from English or (over-simplistically) a dialect of English, according to various cultural and linguistic perspectives; shares much with English due to a shared linguistic history, but has developed separately for many centuries. [e]
  • Scottish Gaelic language [r]: A Goidelic Celtic language spoken in Scotland and Canada. [e]
  • Irish language [r]: A Goidelic Celtic language spoken mainly on the island of Ireland and in Canada. [e]

People

Music

  • The Beatles [r]: English rock band of the 1960's. [e]
  • British Invasion [r]: Rock and roll, beat and pop performers from the United Kingdom who became popular in the United States from 1964 to 1967. [e]
  • Benjamin Britten [r]: An English composer born in Lowestoft, Suffolk on Nov. 22, 1913. He was noted for his operas which include The Rape of Lucretia (1946), The Turn of the Screw (1954), and Death in Venice (1973). He also wrote choral and orchestral works. [e]
  • Capercaillie (band) [r]: A Scottish folk band, founded by Donald Shaw and Karen Matheson in 1984, that performed the first Gaelic song to enter the Top 40 in the UK. [e]
  • Celtic music [r]: The traditional or folk music that originates from countries or regions that, until a few hundred years ago, used Celtic languages, and especially Ireland and Scotland. [e]
  • The Firm (band) [r]: 1980s supergroup, comprising of ex-Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page, along with ex-Bad Company singer Paul Rodgers, Tony Franklin, and Chris Slade. [e]
  • Gustav Holst [r]: (1874-1934) English composer, known primarily for his The Planets Suite. [e]
  • Elton John [r]: (b. 25 March 1947) English singer-songwriter, composer and pianist, born Reginald Kenneth Dwight. [e]
  • The Kinks [r]: British rock band formed in the 1960's. [e]

Other related topics

  • Crown Dependencies [r]: British territories with strong constitutional and historical links to the UK (Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey). [e]
  • British Overseas Territories [r]: 14 areas of the world that are partly under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom; most are otherwise self-governing and were once part of the British Empire. [e]