Regions of England

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The Region is the first level of administrative division, below the United Kingdom national government, within the country of England. Historically, the administrative divisions of England included Counties, Unitarian Authorities and Metropolitan counties. There were many attempts to rationalise these small divisions into a regional structure after World War Two. In 1972, the Local Government Act reformed the administration of Scotland and Wales into regions but implementation in England was delayed and piecemeal. Some government departments set up regional offices with limited roles and the boundaries varied from department to department. In 1994, under John Major's government, 10 regional offices were set up in order to standardise the regional boundaries across all departments. The new Labor government in 1997 used the regional setup to establish Regional Development Agencies. Later, in 1998, the Region of Merseyside was merged into the North East Region, reducing the number to just 9 Regions. The regions borders also form the European Parliament constituencies for England.

Only one region - London - has a directly elected administration in the form of the London Assembly, Mayor of London and the London Assembly. The other regions have appointed assemblies containing members nominated by the county councils within each region. A referendum was held on 4 November 2004 in the North East Region on whether people wanted and elected assembly with devolved powers. The proposal was rejected and plans for referendums in other regions have been put on hold indefinitely.

Catalog of Regions

Name Regional HQ European Parliament
Representative[1]
Land-area (km²) Population[2] Subdivisions
North East Newcastle
 
Martin Callanan (Conservative)
 
Stephen Hughes (Labour)
 
Fiona Hall (Liberal Democrat)
8,573[3] 2,515,442 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties

x Unitary Authorities
x District
North West Liverpool and Manchester
 
Sir Robert Atkins (Conservative)
 
Chris Davies (Liberal Democrat)
 
Den Dover (Conservative)
 
Sajjad Karim (Liberal Democrat)
 
Arlene McCarthy (Labour)
 
David Sumberg (Conservative)
 
Gary Titley (Labour)
 
John Whittaker (Uk Independence Party)
 
Terrence Wynn (Labour)
14,165[4] 6,729,800 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District
Yorkshire and the Humber Leeds and Sheffield
 
Timothy Kirkhope (Conservative)
 
Edward McMillan-Scott (Conservative)
 
Linda McAvan (Labour)
 
Richard Corbett (Labour)
 
Diana Wallis (Liberal Democrat)
 
Godfrey Bloom (Uk Independence Party)
15,411[5] 4,964,838 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District
West Midlands Birmingham
 
Philip Bushill-Matthews (Conservative)
 
Philip Bradbourn (Conservative)
 
Malcolm Harbour (Conservative)
 
Michael Cashman (Labour)
 
Neena Gill (Labour)
 
Liz Lynne (Liberal Democrat)
 
Mike Natrass (Uk Independence Party)
12,998[6] 5,267,337 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District
East Midlands Melton Mowbray
 
Roger Helmer (Conservative)
 
Chris Heaton-Harris (Conservative)
 
Glenis Willmott (Labour)
 
Bill Newton Dunn (Liberal Democrat)
 
Robert Kilroy-Silk (Independent)
 
Derek Clark (Uk Independence Party)
15,607[7] 4,172,179 x Ceremonial counties

Which fruther divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District
East Cambridge
 
Geoffrey van Orden (Conservative)
 
Robert Sturdy (Conservative)
 
Christopher Beazley (Conservative)
 
Richard Howitt (Labour)
 
Andrew Duff (Liberal Democrat)
 
Jeffrey Titford (Uk Independence Party)
 
Tom Wise (Uk Independence Party)
  5,388,154 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District
London Southwark
 
Gerard Batten (Uk Independence Party)
 
John Bowis (Conservative)
 
Robert Evans (Labour)
 
Mary Honeyball (Labour)
 
Syed Kamall (Conservative)
 
Jean Lambert (Green)
 
Baroness (Sarah) Ludford (Liberal Democrat)
 
Claude Moraes (Labour)
 
Charles Tannock (Conservative)
1,572[8] 7,172,036 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District
South East Guildford
 
Daniel Hannan (Conservative)
 
Nirj Deva (Conservative)
 
James Elles (Conservative)
 
Richard Ashworth (Conservative)
 
Peter Skinner (Labour)
 
Sharon Bowles (Liberal Democrat)
 
Emma Nicholson (Liberal Democrat)
 
Caroline Lucas (Green)
 
Nigel Farage (Uk Independence Party)
 
Ashley Mote (Uk Independence Party)
19,200[9] 8,000,550 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District
South West Bristol and Plymouth
 
Neil Parish (Conservative)
 
Caroline Jackson (Conservative)
 
Giles Chichester (Conservative)
 
Glyn Ford (Labour)
 
Graham Watson (Liberal Democrat)
 
Graham Booth (Uk Independence Party)
 
Roger Knapman (Uk Independence Party)
  4,928,458 x Ceremonial counties

Which further divide into
x Counties
x Unitary Authorities

x District

Key to Political Parities

 
Conservative; Group of the European People's party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats.
 
Labour; Group of the party of European Socialists.
 
Liberal Democrat; Group of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform party.
 
Green; Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance
 
Uk Independence Party; Group for a Europe of Democracies and Diversities
 
Independent; Non-attached member

References

  1. Full list of the UK's MEPs. Guardian. Retrieved on December 05, 2007.
  2. Estimated figures for 2005. Population Estimates. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved on May 12, 2007.
  3. North East Fact File. Government Office for the English Regions. Retrieved on December 05, 2007.
  4. NWRA :: The Region. North West Regional Assembly. Retrieved on May 12, 2007.
  5. Yorkshire & Humber Assembly. Yorkshire and Humber Assembly. Retrieved on May 12, 2007.
  6. West Midlands Fact File. Government Office for the English Regions. Retrieved on December 05, 2007.
  7. East Midlands Fact File. Government Office for the English Regions. Retrieved on December 05, 2007.
  8. London Fact File. Government Office for the English Regions. Retrieved on December 05, 2007.
  9. South East Fact File. Government Office for the English Regions. Retrieved on December 05, 2007.