Guildford

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(CC [1]) Photo: Andrew Skudder

Guildford is the county town of Surrey in England. According to the 2001 UK census it had a population of 66,773. The religious makeup of these inhabitants was 70.0% Christian, 1.3% Muslim, and 2.0% other, while the rest either had no religion or chose not to disclose such information.[1]

History

(CC [2]) Photo: Kevin Oliver
Guildford Castle was founded in the late 11th or early 12th century.
(CC [3]) Photo: Nick Garrod
Guildford Cathedral was consecrated in 1961.[2]

The town's origins may be Anglo-Saxon as by the time of Alfred the Great, Guildford was owned by the monarchy and was mentioned in the King's will.[3] In the aftermath of the Norman Conquest in 1066 many castles were established in England. One was erected in Guildford, although it is uncertain when it was founded as it was not documented until the 1170s. Stylistically parts of it date from the late 11th or early 12th century.[4] As Guildford was the county town of Surrey it was a centre of administration, and the Norman castle (built in the 11th century) was used as a county gaol from 1202 onwards.[3]

References

  1. The "statistical information" page of Guildford Borough Council's website has not been updated with the 2011 census data. The most recent data is to be found at: Summary of each Town in Guildford Borough, Guildford Borough Council. Accessed 27 December 2012.
  2. "Queen visits Guildford Cathedral and opens Redhill campus", BBC News, 18 November 2011, accessed 21 February 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 'The borough of Guildford: Introduction and castle', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3 (1911), pp. 547-560. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43019 Date accessed: 27 December 2012.
  4. Guildford Castle, Guildford, Guildford Historic Environment Record. Accessed 27 December 2012.