Systematic review/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Systematic review.
See also changes related to Systematic review, or pages that link to Systematic review or to this page or whose text contains "Systematic review".

Parent topics

Subtopics

Other related topics

  • Literature Review [r]: A collection of references and analysis which review the current knowledge of a reseach topic. [e]

Bot-suggested topics

Auto-populated based on Special:WhatLinksHere/Systematic review. Needs checking by a human.

  • Abscess [r]: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection. [e]
  • Academic journal [r]: A regularly-published, peer-reviewed publication that publishes scholarship relating to an academic discipline. [e]
  • Acne vulgaris [r]: Chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. [e]
  • Adrenal insufficiency [r]: Adrenocortical insufficiency caused by disease, suppression by drugs, destruction, or surgical removal of the adrenal cortices. [e]
  • Adrenergic beta-antagonist [r]: Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety. [e]
  • Alcohol withdrawal [r]: A group of syndromes that may occur after cessation of drinking ethanol alcohol. [e]
  • Alcoholism [r]: Chronic addiction to alcohol. [e]
  • Alzheimer's disease [r]: A degenerative disease of the brain characterized by the insidious onset of dementia; manifests itself in impairment of memory, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills, followed by severe apraxias and a global loss of cognitive abilities. [e]
  • Ankle brachial index [r]: Ratio of the blood pressure in the lower legs to the blood pressure in the arms. [e]
  • Aortic regurgitation [r]: Leaking of the heart's aortic valve causing a reverse blood flow during ventricular diastole, from the aorta into the left ventricle. [e]
  • Aortic valve stenosis [r]: Pathological valvular heart disease caused by the incomplete opening of the aortic valve orifice. [e]
  • Artificial respiration [r]: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. [e]
  • Ascites [r]: Accumulation of serous fluids in the space between the tissues and organs of the abdominal cavity. [e]
  • Asthma [r]: Disease process that is characterised by paradoxical narrowing of the bronchi, making breathing difficult. [e]
  • Atenolol [r]: A cardioselective adrenergic beta-antagonist medication for hypertension and angina pectoris. [e]
  • Bacterial meningitis [r]: Acute neurological meningeal inflammation caused by bacteria which, if untreated, is often fatal, or associated with significant sequelae. [e]
  • Bioequivalence [r]: Two different drugs which have the same potency and bioavailability, assuming equal doses. [e]
  • Bipolar disorder [r]: A mental illness of the subtype mood disorders which is also known as manic-depressive illness, characterised by the occurrence of manic or hypomanic states alternating with bouts of depression. [e]
  • Blood pressure [r]: Pressure of the blood on the arteries and other blood vessels. [e]
  • CIA activities in Iraq [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Cancer [r]: A generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body; one defining feature is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs. [e]
  • Carotid endarterectomy [r]: Excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery. [e]
  • Central venous pressure [r]: Venous pressure as measured at the right atrium, done by means of a catheter introduced through the median cubital vein to the superior vena cava. [e]
  • Cervical cancer [r]: Malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri, neck of the uterus, or cervical area. [e]
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [r]: A group of diseases characterized by the pathological limitation of airflow in the airway that is not fully reversible. [e]
  • Clinical decision support system [r]: Interactive computer programs that directly assist physicians and other health professionals with decision-making tasks. [e]
  • Clinical practice guideline [r]: Document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management, and treatment in specific areas of healthcare. [e]
  • Cochrane Collaboration [r]: Group of volunteers who review the effects of health care interventions tested in biomedical randomized controlled trials. [e]
  • Common cold [r]: Contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. [e]
  • Complexity science [r]: Interdisciplinary approach to understanding the structure, interdependencies and dynamic behavior of complex physical, biological and social systems. [e]
  • Computed tomographic colonography [r]: A non-invasive imaging method that uses computed tomographic data combined with specialized imaging software to examine the colon. [e]
  • Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography [r]: Imaging method that uses a computed tomography (CT) scanner to look at the structures and blood vessels of the lungs. [e]
  • Contrast-induced nephropathy [r]: Acute kidney injury from radiocontrast. [e]
  • Coronary heart disease [r]: Disease of the heart that involves narrowing of the coronary arteries. [e]
  • Cost-benefit analysis [r]: A method of evaluating projects that takes account of the preferences of those affected. [e]
  • Critical care [r]: Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis. [e]
  • Cystitis [r]: Inflammation of the urinary bladder, often resulting from a bacterial infection. [e]
  • Delirium [r]: A disorder characterized by confusion; inattentiveness; disorientation; illusions; hallucinations; agitation; and in some instances autonomic nervous system hyperactivity. [e]
  • Dementia [r]: Progressive decline in two or more cognitive domains that is severe enough to interfere with the performance of everyday activities. [e]
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2 [r]: Medical condition characterised by glucose intolerance and hyperglycemia [e]
  • Diabetic foot [r]: Ulcers of the foot as a complication of diabetes. [e]
  • Diabetic neuropathy [r]: Negative effects on the nervous system that can be caused by diabetes mellitus, some of which may necessitate amputation. [e]
  • Diagnostic test [r]: Test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of a disordered system; may be one of the many forms of medical diagnostic, diagnostic testing of software or machines, etc. [e]
  • Digital object identifier [r]: Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals. [e]
  • Dizziness [r]: A sense of spatial disorientation, motion of the environment, or lightheadedness. [e]
  • Dysuria [r]: Painful urination, often associated with infections of the lower urinary tract, urethritis and vaginitis. [e]
  • Echinacea [r]: is a genus of nine perennial herbs, native to central and eastern North America, member of the Asteraceae or sunflower family and a member of the large tribe Heliantheae within the Asteraceae; three members of the genus are known principally for their uses as topical and internal herbal remedies; the plant is also appreciated and cultivated for its ornamental value as a garden flower. [e]
  • Erectile dysfunction [r]: Inability to obtain or maintain an erect penis. [e]
  • Estrogen [r]: A type or class of sex steroid hormone with an eighteen carbon atom base structure. [e]
  • Evidence-based medicine [r]: The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. [e]
  • Exercise [r]: Regular physical activity that is usually done with the intention of improving or maintaining physical fitness or health. [e]
  • Fever [r]: Elevation in the central body temperature of warm-blooded animals caused by abnormal functioning of the thermoregulatory mechanisms. [e]
  • Fish oil [r]: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the livers. [e]
  • Gabapentin [r]: a medication used for epilepsy and postherpetic neuralgia [e]
  • Ginkgo [r]: Dioecious tree, commonly known as the maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba), that is native to China and is cultivated as a shade tree, and is regarded as a living fossil. [e]
  • Gout [r]: Disturbance of uric-acid metabolism, characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet, from the deposition of urate crystals. [e]
  • Health behavior [r]: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. [e]
  • Health care quality assurance [r]: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. [e]
  • Heart failure [r]: Defective cardiac filling and/or impaired contraction and emptying, resulting in the heart's inability to pump a sufficient amount of blood to meet the needs of the body tissues or to be able to do so only with an elevated filling pressure. [e]
  • Heart murmur [r]: Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. [e]
  • Herniated disk [r]: Rupture of fibrocartilagenous material (annulus fibrosis) that surrounds the intervertebral disk. [e]
  • Hypertension [r]: A multisystem disease whose hallmark is the elevation of blood pressure. [e]
  • Infectious Disease Society of America [r]: American medical association representing physicians, scientists and other health care professionals who specialize in infectious diseases. [e]
  • Influenza [r]: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract; the viruses are discussed in separate articles [e]
  • Ischemic colitis [r]: A medical condition in which inflammation and injury of the large intestine result from inadequate blood supply. [e]
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy [r]: Thickening of the myocardium of the left ventricle of the heart, frequently as a pathological reaction to cardiovascular disease, or high blood pressure. [e]
  • Lumbalgia [r]: Common musculoskeletal disorder caused by a variety of diseases and trauma that affect the lumbar spine. [e]
  • Lung cancer [r]: Disease where epithelial tissue in the lung develop malignancy, leading to metastasis, and the invasion of adjacent tissue. [e]
  • Lyme disease [r]: Emerging infection transmitted by the bite of ticks carrying the spirochete bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. [e]
  • MEDLINE [r]: The U.S. National Library of Medicine's® (NLM) premier bibliographic database that contains over 16 million references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine. [e]
  • Medical history taking [r]: A systematic and thorough interview of the patient for symptoms and risk factors of disease or abnormality as well as relevant psychosocial factors that might affect the expression of treatment of disease. [e]
  • Mesenteric ischemia [r]: A medical condition in which inflammation and injury of the small intestine result from inadequate blood supply. [e]
  • Meta-analysis [r]: A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies. [e]
  • Neutropenia [r]: A decrease in the number of neutrophilic leukocytes in the blood. [e]
  • Nominal group technique [r]: Decision making method for use among groups of many sizes, who want to make their decision quickly, as by a vote, but want everyone's opinions taken into account. [e]
  • Osteoporosis [r]: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. [e]
  • Paracentesis [r]: A procedure in health care in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument. [e]
  • Patient compliance [r]: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen. [e]
  • Pelargonium sidoides [r]: Medicinal plant native to South Africa, whose derivative in inexpensive cold and flu medicines of various brands have unproven efficacy. [e]
  • Physical examination [r]: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality. [e]
  • Phytotherapy [r]: The therapeutic use of plants or plant extracts to prevent or treat disease; it is most commonly a form of complementary and alternative medicine, following long culturally-specific traditions such as herbalism. Chemically extracted and concentration-controlled plant-derived substances are used in conventional medicine, but are usually not considered phytotherapy. [e]
  • Pleural effusion [r]: Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the area between the membranes lining the lungs and the chest cavity. [e]
  • Polypharmacy [r]: The use of multiple drugs administered to the same patient, most commonly seen in elderly patients. It includes also the administration of excessive medication. [e]
  • Preoperative care [r]: Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery. [e]
  • Pressure ulcer [r]: Chronic ulcer that appears in pressure areas in debilitated patients confined to bed or otherwise immobilised, due to a circulatory restriction. [e]
  • Prostate cancer [r]: Malignant tumour of glandular origin in the prostate, most presenting as adenocarcinomas. [e]
  • Pulmonary embolism [r]: Blocking of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by an embolus. [e]
  • Renal artery stenosis [r]: Narrowing of the renal artery, most often caused by atherosclerosis or fibromuscular dysplasia. [e]
  • Scientific journal [r]: A publication venue for original research and scholarly review articles — for more than three centuries on paper and now increasingly online. [e]
  • Septic shock [r]: Serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis. [e]
  • Shoulder pain [r]: "Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin." (National Library of Medicine) [e]
  • Sildenafil [r]: Selective PDE-5 inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction (Viagra®) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (Ravatio®). [e]
  • Sinusitis [r]: Infection or inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which may or may not be as a result of infection, from bacterial, fungal, viral, allergic or autoimmune issues. [e]
  • Smoking cessation [r]: Medical term for quitting smoking of tobacco and tobacco-related products. [e]
  • Somatoform disorder [r]: Psychological disorder characterized by physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. [e]
  • Status epilepticus [r]: Prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. [e]
  • Stroke [r]: A sudden loss of brain function due to interrupted blood supply. [e]
  • Teaching evidence-based medicine [r]: Conscientious education of medical personnel with current best clinical evidence, in making decisions about the care of individual patients. [e]
  • Thrombocytopenia [r]: Abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in circulatory blood. [e]
  • Urinary catheterization [r]: Insertion of a urinary catheter into a patient's bladder via their urethra. [e]
  • Urinary incontinence [r]: Involuntary loss of urine, such as leaking of urine; a symptom of various pathological processes. [e]
  • Urinary tract infection [r]: Inflammatory process occurring in the kidney, ureter, bladder, or adjacent structures that occurs when microorganisms enter through the urethra. [e]
  • Vaginitis [r]: Inflammation of the vagina characterized by pain and a purulent discharge. [e]
  • Vascular disease [r]: Pathological processes involving any of the blood vessels in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of arteries; veins; and rest of the vasculature system in the body. [e]
  • Vasculitis [r]: Inflammation of blood vessel walls. [e]
  • Venous stasis ulcer [r]: Wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of valves in the veins usually of the legs. [e]
  • Warfarin [r]: Rat poison also used as anticoagulant medication to prevent embolism and thrombosis [e]