Urinary tract infection
In medicine, urinary tract infections are "inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the urinary tract to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated bacteriuria and pyuria."
More common types of urinary tract infections in include:
In males, urinary tract infections are usually secondary to an underlying cause such as benign prostatic hyperplasia or genitourinary instrumentation. However, a single episode is unlikely to be due to a serious underlying cause.
Various testing strategies have been compared.
- Nitrofurantion 100 mg twice daily for 5 days is recommended and may be cost effective when:
- TMP-SMX resistance is > 17%
- Quinolone resistance is > 12%
Cranberry juice probably does not help.
Patients without urinary catheterization
Patients with urinary catheterization
- Anonymous (2015), Urinary tract infection (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
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- Parker D, Callan L, Harwood J, Thompson DL, Wilde M, Gray M (2009 Jan-Feb). "Nursing interventions to reduce the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection. Part 1: Catheter selection.". J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 36 (1): 23-34. DOI:10.1097/01.WON.0000345173.05376.3e. PMID 19155821. Research Blogging.
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