From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Information, or pages that link to Information or to this page or whose text .
- Philosophy of science : Philosophical study of the assumptions, foundations, and implications of science.
- Information theory : Theory of the probability of transmission of messages with specified accuracy when the bits of information constituting the messages are subject, with certain probabilities, to transmission failure, distortion, and accidental additions.
- Context (concept) : A concept describing a relation between different kinds of information.
- Data (general) : "Pieces of information", especially numbers or quantities
- Knowledge : On one common account by philosophers, justified, true belief; often used in a looser way by everyone else to mean any truth or belief, and also a whole body of truth or a whole system of belief.
- Noise (information theory) : Stochastic fluctuations of energy levels within a physical system.
- Signal (information theory) : Add brief definition or description
- Signal-to-noise ratio : A dimensionless number expressing the proportion of useful signal in a communications channel, the remaining content being noise. The higher the ratio, the better the quality.
- Information overflow : An alternative term for information overload.
- Astronomy : The study of objects and processes in the observable universe, e.g. stars, planets, comets or asteroids.
- Civil society : The space for social activity outside the market, state and household; the arena of uncoerced collective action around shared interests, purposes and values.
- Commons : (1) A pool or set of common resources together with the agents controlling inflows and outflows of resources from the pool; (2) A bundle of rights held jointly or collectively by a group of people; traditionally referred to land or real property, more recently also includes many other types of valuables (knowledge, open source software information, copyrights, social relations). (3) An association of those controlling such pools or collectively holding such rights.
- Computer : A machine that executes a sequence of instructions.
- Cryptography : A field at the intersection of mathematics and computer science that is concerned with the security of information, typically the confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of some message.
- Encyclopedia : A point of reference for structured knowledge.
- History of cryptography : The development, since antiquity, of means of concealing communications from other than the intended recipient
- Journalism : Practice of writing about daily events of interest to people - politics, international affairs, sports, etc.
- Language (general) : A type of communication system; this term is used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on.
- Library : Collection of books and periodicals.
- Life : Living systems, of which biologists seek the commonalities distinguishing them from nonliving systems.
- Management Information Systems : Add brief definition or description
- Organism : An individual living individual: a complex, adaptive physical system that acts a integrated unit that sustains metabolism and reproduces progeny that resemble it.
- Origin of life : How did self-replicating biochemistry and cells arise from the prebiotic world approximately four billion years ago? Aka abiogenesis.
- Pragmatics : Branch of linguistics concerned with language in use or the study of meaning as it arises from language occurring in context.
- Publishing : The process of production and dissemination of literature or information - the activity of making information available for public view.
- Quantum mechanics : An important branch of physics dealing with the behavior of matter and energy at very small scales.
- Radio : Transmission and reception of information, which can be voice, data or imagery over electromagnetic radiation in free space (i.e., wireless). The information is modulated onto a carrier wave
- Reading (process) : Process of understanding and gaining knowledge from written text.
- Steganography : The study of techniques for hiding a secret message within an apparently innocent message.