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- Alcohol : A chemical compound that contains a hydroxy group (OH).
- Ascorbic acid : An organic acid with antioxidant properties whose L-enantiomer is called vitamin C.
- Asparagine : One of the twenty common amino acids used by living organisms to build proteins. It is neutral but polar.
- Beta oxidation : The process by which fatty acids, in the form of Acyl-CoA molecules, are broken down in the mitochondria to generate Acetyl-CoA, the entry molecule for the Krebs Cycle.
- Chemical name : A system of naming chemical compounds and of describing the science of chemistry in general, which is developed and kept up to date under the auspices of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
- Combustion : A sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat or both heat and light in the form of either a glow or flames.
- DNA : A macromolecule — chemically, a nucleic acid — that stores genetic information.
- Enzyme : A protein that catalyzes (i.e. accelerate) chemical reactions.
- Ester : The molecule R1AOOR2 where A is an atom and R1 and R2 are molecular groups.
- Half-life : The amount of time needed for one half of any reactant subject to first-order decomposition to decay.
- Lipid : Group of organic compounds, including the fats, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglycerides, that are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar organic solvents, and together with carbohydrates and proteins constitute the principal structural material of living cells.
- List of organic compounds : Add brief definition or description
- Macromolecular chemistry : The study of the physical, biological and chemical structure, properties, composition, and reaction mechanisms of macromolecules.
- Mutation : Changes to the DNA sequence that cause new genetic variation.
- RNA world hypothesis : Proposes that a world filled with life based on ribonucleic acid (RNA) predated current life based on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
- Serine : One of three hydroxylated amino acids used in protein synthesis; subject to phosphorylation.
- Troposphere : The lowest of the main layers of the Earth's atmosphere, extending up about 12km from Earth's surface.