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- 130mm gun : An older piece of Soviet-designed artillery, which outranged most light (105mm) and medium 155mm howitzers of its time
- 155mm howitzer : Implemented in self-propelled or lightweight towed versions, this howitzer size, with slight variations in caliber, is the world's most common medium artillery type
- 4.5"-55 caliber Mark 8 gun : A redesigned British naval gun intended to have a higher rate of fire than its Mark 6 predecessor, but whose Mark 0 first version suffered from jamming during the Falklands War; the current Mark 1 has substantial changes and is replacing Mark 0s.
- Air assault : Military operations in which infantry are carried by aircraft onto, or very near, the target, or by parachuting. The aircraft may be helicopters, tilt-rotor aircraft, short-landing transports, or, historically, gliders.
- Air defense artillery : A combat arms branch of the United States Army, responsible for defending ground forces and the continental United States against aircraft and missile attack
- Autocannon : A magazine-fed cannon that will load and fire continuously until its magazine is empty.
- Battalion : Military formation of defined size, equipment, and organization, traditionally specialized for one function, such as infantry, artillery, transportation or intelligence; usually commanded by a lieutenant colonel; combat arms battalions may have 500-1000 soldiers; they are more mixed in function under the Restructuring of the United States Army
- Battery (artillery) : The basic tactical organization for artillery units, consisting, in modern militaries, of a group of multiple rocket launchers, howitzers, or guided missile launchers that will be under common control and often fire at the same target
- Battery (disambiguation) : Add brief definition or description
- Battle of Bong Son : First battle, in the Vietnam War, involving combat by a reinforced helicopter-borne division, with all elements in combat at the same time.
- Battle of Na San : A successful yet modest 1952 operation conducted by French paratroopers, who seized a forward base, and, under optimal conditions, formed a rock of a defense against which Viet Minh smashed themselves. It may have set unrealistic expectations for Dien Bien Phu
- Battle of the Ia Drang : First divisional-scale battle involving helicopter-borne air assault troops, with U.S. forces against those of North Vietnam
- CH-47 Chinook : Medium transport helicopter developed by the U.S. Army and used by a wide range of countries
- Cannon : Sizable crew-served weapons, which fire projectiles through a tube called a barrel.
- Circular error probability : The most common metric of how close to a target a weapon will strike: the radius of a circle, centered on the mean impact point, in which half the projectiles of that weapon will hit
- Cluster munition : A military weapon, fired or dropped from another weapon, that releases smaller submunitions that cause the actual destructive effect
- Counterbattery : Defense against enemy artillery involving identifying the point of origin of hostile fire and directing lethal force against it
- Crew-served weapon : A military weapon that, in practice, be operated by one person; when it has been made ready, an individual might be able to fire it, but not move it
- Destroyer : While the definition has evolved constantly, it is a multipurpose surface warship, generally less powerful than a cruiser, with capabilities against ship, aircraft, submarine, land, and sometimes ballistic missile targets
- Dien Bien Phu : Site in northern Vietnam of a 1954 decisive battle that soon forced France to relinquish control of colonial Indochina.
- Fire control (military) : Techniques and equipment to designate military weapons (artillery, guided missiles) to be launched, launching them, and, especially when not precision-guided munitions, adjusting subsequent projectile launches so they achieve the desired effect.
- Forward observer : An individual or team, specializing in artillery, who accompanies ground troops and directs indirect fire artillery in support of those ground troops
- Future Combat Systems : An cancelled development program,including a variety of military systems, including armored fighting vehicles, unmanned ground vehicles, artillery, precision guided munitions and unmanned aerial vehicles; was an evolutionary step in the restructuring of the United States Army and tailored to the brigade combat team organizational structure but will continue partially in the Brigade Combat Team Modernization
- Go-onto-location-in-space : A weapons guidance paradigm in which the weapon guides itself to a specific set of geographic coordinates and activates its warhead, rather than sensing and tracking a target
- Guided missile : A weapon that flies through air or space, under its own power, which adjusts its course to hit its target.
- Guided shell : A piece of artillery ammunition that can alter its course after being fired.
- Indirect fire : Weapons fire that is fired in an arc such that the projectile rises above the target elevation and descends to hit the target
- Indochinese revolution : The period, within the Wars of Vietnam, 1858-1987, between which France reasserted its colonial authority over Indochina in 1945, created a proto-state of Vietnam under a provisional government during which there was increasing insurgency, fought conventionally combat with the Viet Minh starting in 1950, and ended in 1954. The end, militarily, involved the defeat of French forces at Dien Bien Phu and. politically, with the creation of North Vietnam and South Vietnam by the Geneva accords
- Infantry : Soldiers that directly confront the enemy, overcoming them with fire and maneuver while on foot or in specialized vehicles
- Katyusha rocket : Specifically a Soviet Second World War area bombardment unguided rocket fired from truck-mounted multiple rocket launchers; generic term for 120-130mm rockets launched either in salvos or from improvised single launchers; succeeded by GRAD rocket
- Landing Craft Rocket : Second World War vessel for a variant of naval gunfire support in amphibious warfare. Along with the landing craft carrying troops, some landing craft would be filled with rows of multiple rocket launchers, so that a massive amount of fire could be delivered alongside or just ahead of the troops, stunning defenders that survived.
- M109 howitzer : A family of self-propelled 155mm howitzers developed by the U.S. Army
- Mortar : A piece of artillery, sometimes light enough to be carried by infantry, which has a short barrel length relative to the shell caliber, and fires in a high indirect trajectory, often desirable to fire over obstacles.
- Multiple rocket launcher : In modern use, a family of mobile artillery systems, firing unguided rockets intended for area-effect coverage, complementing howitzers for point targets. These systems, however, increasingly use guided rounds.
- Naval guns and gunnery : Artillery weapons on ships, and techniques and devices for aiming them.
- Radar MASINT : The use of radar signals to obtain information beyond imaging of a target or its simple position, such as motion, reflectivity and surface characteristics, etc.; this technical information may be combined with imaging radar or traditional tracking radar
- Radar : (acronym for "radio detection and ranging") A technique used for detecting and tracking targets, navigation, imagery, and special applications.
- Restructuring of the United States Army : A major doctrinal and organization redesign of the United States Army, with its chief feature being moving from the division to the Brigade Combat Team and new supporting brigade structures as the basic Unit of Action
- Rocket science : Variously an incorrect name for various engineering disciplines in dealing with unguided rockets or the rocket engines of more intelligent vehicles, or an ironic description of something very complex or very simple (i.e., "this isn't rocket science")
- Self-propelled artillery : An artillery piece, usually wheels or tracks, which has its own power source for road movement. While it may move with supporting vehicles such as ammunition carriers, it does not depend on them for propulsion.
- South Africa : The southernmost African nation; population about 50,000,000.
- Suppression of enemy air defense : Military actions taken to reduce the effectiveness, or destroy, the radars, radio and other communications links, surface-to-air missiles, anti-aircraft artillery, fighter aircraft and their airbases and command posts of air defense systems
- Tactical Mobility Requirements Board : Under the authority of the Secretary of Defense, the evaluation and field tests of large-scale airmobile operations, which led to an increased role for Army aviation, and deployment of an air assault division into the Vietnam War
- Tank (military) : A large land combat vehicle that moves on continuous tracks rather than wheels, has its primary armament in a rotating armored turret, is armored against more than small arms fire, and, while it can be extremely effective in many combat situations, is optimized to kill other tanks
- Tet Offensive : A Communist offensive in the Vietnam War, possibly part of a larger strategy, in early 1968. The attackers suffered massive casualties and held no ground, but they achieved the turning of U.S. political opinion against continuing large-scale involvement in the war.
- Unguided rocket : A form of artillery weapon that uses a rocket motor to propel a warhead at a target, using no guidance once launched
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicle : Powered aircraft, which do not carry humans and can be either remote-controlled by human operators or operate under its own computer control, and can carry lethal or nonlethal payloads (i.e., weapons and sensors)
- Vietnam War military technology : Military technology in support of ground operations, including helicopters and air assault, either associated with or introduced in Vietnam, between 1962 and 1975
- Warhead : That part of a military weapon, which actively moves to strike a target, that causes the desired destructive effect on the target