From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- 130mm gun : An older piece of Soviet-designed artillery, which outranged most light (105mm) and medium 155mm howitzers of its time
- 155mm howitzer : Implemented in self-propelled or lightweight towed versions, this howitzer size, with slight variations in caliber, is the world's most common medium artillery type
- AN- : U.S. military nomenclature for electronic equipment, following the Joint Electronics Type Designation System
- Air defense artillery : A combat arms branch of the United States Army, responsible for defending ground forces and the continental United States against aircraft and missile attack
- Air, artillery and missile defense : An integrated approach to defending surface forces against all types of weapons that fly through the atmosphere or space; a radar may detect artillery shells, helicopters, or missiles, while a close-in gun may shoot down any of them
- Artillery : Crew-served military devices for propelling payloads over distance
- Brigade : A military unit of 3,000 to 5,000 soldiers, organized either for a combined arms combat function or a support role
- Combat arms : In a land military organization, the functions of infantry, units based on armored fighting vehicles, artillery, air, artillery and missile defense, combat engineers, army cooperation aviation and special operations forces. All combat arms units engage in direct contact with enemy personnel or systems.
- Counter-rocket, artillery and mortar : Military equipment and techniques to detect unguided rockets, artillery shells, and mortar rounds in flight, warn friendly forces that are threatened, and, with new methods, intercept and destroy the projectiles before they can do damage
- Deconfliction : The process of avoiding mutual interference, or destruction, among resources under one's control
- Electro-optical MASINT : A subdiscipline of measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT), which has similarities to but complements imagery intelligence (IMINT); it does not form images, but validates them and produces information on phenomena that emit, absorb, or reflect electromagnetic energy in the infrared, visible light, or ultraviolet spectra, where the value is knowledge of the type of energy detected
- Fratricide (military) : The killing of one's brother, but in a military context, the killing of one's own forces ("friendly fire").
- Gaza Strip : 26-mile-long Middle Eastern coastal region long the Mediterranean Sea, bordering Egypt and Israel; population about 1.4 million Palestinian people, governed by Hamas since June 2007.
- Geophysical MASINT : A branch of measurement and signature intelligence that involves phenomena transmitted through the earth (ground, water, atmosphere) and manmade structures including emitted or reflected sounds, pressure waves, vibrations, and magnetic field or ionosphere disturbances.
- Howitzer : An artillery piece with a medium ratio between barrel length and diameter; longer than a mortar and shorter than a gun; the most common form of modern cannon
- Information operations : The integrated employment of the core capabilities of electronic warfare, computer network operations, psychological operations, military deception, and operations security.
- Iraq War, major combat phase : That part of the Iraq War involving the initial invasion by large-scale ground forces
- Israel-Palestine security : Military and intelligence means of protecting Israel and Palestine from one another's attacks, without consideration of long-term political solutions
- M109 howitzer : A family of self-propelled 155mm howitzers developed by the U.S. Army
- M26 (rocket) : A series of long-range (20mi/32 km-28mi/45km) unguided rockets fired by the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System, carrying 518 to 644 cluster submunitions; retired due to an excessive number of submunitions failing to detonate and becoming effective minefields
- M30 (rocket) : An aerodynamically steered, rocket-propelled surface-to-surface missile, carrying cluster submunitions, fired by the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System at greater ranges than the M109 howitzer
- MGM-140 ATACMS : A short- to medium-range ballistic missile, developed by the U.S. Army to engage high-value ground targets beyond the range of cannon, yet under the direct control of ground forces commanders; fired by the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
- MPQ-64 : Mobile air search radar, used by the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps, to detect aircraft, cruise missiles, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), for air defense and friendly air deconfliction
- Measurement and signature intelligence : A variety of intelligence gathering disciplines complementary to the technical "mainstream" of imagery intelligence and signals intelligence.
- Mortar : A piece of artillery, sometimes light enough to be carried by infantry, which has a short barrel length relative to the shell caliber, and fires in a high indirect trajectory, often desirable to fire over obstacles.
- Multiple rocket launcher : In modern use, a family of mobile artillery systems, firing unguided rockets intended for area-effect coverage, complementing howitzers for point targets. These systems, however, increasingly use guided rounds.
- Operation DESERT SHIELD : That part of the Gulf War following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, beginning with the acceptance of Coalition support by Saudi Arabia, and ending with the start of the air campaign, Operation DESERT STORM.
- Proximity fuze : Fuze designed to detonate an explosive device automatically when the distance to target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.
- Radar MASINT : The use of radar signals to obtain information beyond imaging of a target or its simple position, such as motion, reflectivity and surface characteristics, etc.; this technical information may be combined with imaging radar or traditional tracking radar
- Radar : (acronym for "radio detection and ranging") A technique used for detecting and tracking targets, navigation, imagery, and special applications.
- Self-propelled artillery : An artillery piece, usually wheels or tracks, which has its own power source for road movement. While it may move with supporting vehicles such as ammunition carriers, it does not depend on them for propulsion.
- TPQ-36 : A medium-range, with longer minimum range than the AN/TPQ-46, directional counterbattery radar in the Firefinder series, used in the counter-rocket, artillery and mortar role
- TPQ-37 : A long-range, substantial minimum range, directional counterbattery radar in the Firefinder series, used in the counter-rocket, artillery and mortar role
- TPQ-46 : Formerly the Lightweight Countermortar Radar, a 360-degree coverage, short-range counterbattery/counter-rocket, artillery and mortar radar
- Unguided rocket : A form of artillery weapon that uses a rocket motor to propel a warhead at a target, using no guidance once launched
- World War I : Massive international conflict involving the Allies and Central Powers between 1914-1918.